Hippie Movement Youth movement in the US during the mid-1960s. Inherited some countercultural values from the Beat Generation. Important base was San Francisco, California. Actually, the first hippies were studying in the university of San Francisco
Hippie Movement Another key influence was the American folk music movement which had a strong base in Greenwich Village in New York and Berkeley in California A. Chandler Laughlin III was the founder of a folk music concert bar called Red Dog Saloon. In the summer of 1965, Laughlin recruited much of the talent that led to Californias unique blend of traditional folk music and rock, and started a tour.
Hippie Movement In January 1967, the ‘Human Be-In’ in Golden Gate Park in San Francisco popularized the hippie culture, leading to the legendary Summer of Love on the West Coast of the United States, and the 1969 Woodstock Festival on the East Coast.
Hippie Movement The movement itself had neither ideological orpolitical organization defined, but generally tended to ideas about libertarian socialism and environmentalism.
Hippie Movement The cause that led many hippies to join the social protest was the Vietnam War. Some Hippies broadened their political beliefs and even set up communes in the deserts of Western America.
Hippie look Both sexes tended to wear long hair. Men had beards. Women tended not to wear a bra or shave their armpits or legs.
HIPPIE look One way to break the existing social patterns was something as simple as wearing pants at the hip, making the person look sloppy. Therefore, one of the meanings of the word hippie, is person who wears the pants at the hip
Famous Hippies Timothy Leary (LSD Jimi Hendrix supporter) Janis Joplin Jerry Garcia (Grateful Jane Fonda Dead founder) Joan Baez John Lennon (Beatles) Jim Morrison Abbie Hoffman (social Neil Young activist) Frank Zappa Merry Pranksters George Carlin Beatles Cheech and Chong Bob Dylan Jefferson Airplane
The Merry Pranksters Led by Ken Kesey Book written by Tom Wolfe called “The Electric Kool- Aid Acid Test” Had a psychedelic bus they drove across the country to recruit others Used LSD and other drugs to become „awakened‟ The Pranksters introduced the world to The Grateful Dead.
Woodstock Woodstock (Woodstock. 3 Days of Peace & Music) is one of the best-known rock festivals and most famous Hippie congregations ever. It took place on a farm in Bethel, New York, on 15, 16, 17 and the morning of August 18, 1969. Few crimes were committed during the festival, in contrast to the claims that the festival was intended as a celebration of peace and love.
A Few Woodstock Bands/Artists Ravi Shankar Jefferson Airplane Joan Baez Joe Cocker Santana The Band Grateful Dead Crosby, Stills, Nash and Creedence Clearwater Young Revival Jimi Hendrix Sly and the Family Stone Janis Joplin The Who
Artists that Cancelled Jeff Beck Group (The band broke up in July, forcing cancellation) Iron Butterfly (Stuck at the airport, their manager demanded helicopters and special arrangements just for them. Were wired back and told, as impolitely as Western Union would allow, "to get lost", but in other words.) Joni Mitchell (Jonis agent put her on "The Dick Cavett Show" instead) Lighthouse (Feared that it would be a "bad scene".) Ethan Brown (Arrested for LSD three days before the event.)
Bands that Declined The Beatles (John Lennon said he couldnt get them together) Led Zeppelin (Got a higher paying gig at the Asbury Park Convention Hall in New Jersey that weekend) Bob Dylan (Turned it down because of his disgust of the hippies hanging around his house) The Byrds (Turned it down because of a melee during their performance at the first Atlanta International Pop Festival, held at the Atlanta International Raceway on July 4 and July 5, 1969 Jethro Tull (Turned it down because they thought it wouldnt be a big deal.) The Moody Blues were included in the original posters as performers, but backed out after taking a gig in Paris on the same weekend.
Altamont Free Concert Thought to be „Woodstock West‟ Headlined by the Rolling Stones with Jefferson Airplane, CSN&Y, Santana Grateful Dead pulled out because of increasing violence Security was done by the Hell‟s Angels Recommended by the Grateful Dead, paid with $500 of beer There was one homicide and three accidental deaths 4 births though!
Decline of the hippie movement The events of Altamont and the Charles Manson case discredited hippies. Parts of the hippie look, such as the long hair or flared trousers, became mere fashion followed by many young people around the United States. Around 1980, the hippie look became just a fashion style.
The press lost interest in this subculture. On their part, many former hippies integrated into the mainstream of thought and social and economic systems that they previously had rejected.