Planning regions of india


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Planning regions of india

  2. 2. INTRODUCTION• A planning region is a segment of territory (space) overwhich economic decisions apply. The term planning in thepresent context means taking decisions to implement them inorder to attain eco-nomic development. Planning regionsmay be ad-ministrative or political regions such as state,district or the block because such regions are better inmanagement and collecting statistical data. Hence, the entirecountry is a planning region for national plans, state is theplanning region for state plans and districts or blocks are theplanning regions for mi-cro-regional plans.• For proper implementation and realization of planobjectives, a planning region should have fairlyhomogeneous economic, to zoographical and socio-culturalstructure. It should be large enough to contain a range ofresources provide it economic viability. It should alsointernally cohesive and geographically a contagion area unit.Its resource endowment should be that a satisfactory level ofproduct combination consumption and exchange is feasible.It should have some nodal points to regulate the flows
  3. 3. L.S. Bhat and V.L.S. Prakasa Rao(1964)• Bhat and Rao proposed a regionalframe-work for resourcedevelopment. Delineation was donewith the help of qualitative maps ofdistribution of important naturalresources. The major regions cutacross the state boundaries.However, adminis-trativeconvenience was not ignored. Thescheme included 7 major and 51minor regions. Seven major regionsinclude:
  4. 4. L.S BHAT AND V.L.S. PRAKASARAO REGIONS• (1) South India,• (2) Western India,• (3) Eastern Central India,• (4) North-Eastern India,• (5) Middle Ganga Plain,• (6) North-Western India, and• (7) Northern India.
  5. 5. V. NATH (1965)• V. Nath prepared a scheme of ResourceDevelopment Regions and Division of Indiabased at the homogeneity in physicalfactors, and agricultural land use andcropping pattern. Although the regions cutacross the state boundaries, the division iskept within the state limit.• Thus the entire country has been dividedinto 15 main and 48 sub regions. Thesemajor resource development regionsinclude :
  6. 6. V. NATH REGIONS• (1) Western Himalaya,• (2) Eastern Himalaya,• (3) Lower Ganga Plain,• (4) Middle Ganga Plain,• (5) L Upper Ganga Plain,• (6) Trans-Ganga Plain,• (7) Eastern Plateaus and Hills,• (8) Central Plateaus and; I Hills,• (9) Western Plateaus and Hills,• (10) Southern Plateaus and Hills,• (11) Eastern Coastal Plains and Hills,• (12) Western Coastal Plains and Ghats,• (13) Gujarat Plains and Hills,• (14) Western Arid Region, and• (15) Island Region.
  7. 7. P. Sen Gupta (1968)• Following the Soviet concept of economicregions and production specialisation , P.Sen Gupta (1968) presented a frameworkof economic regions of different order. Shestarted with the discovery of planningunits of the lowest order and then groupedand regrouped them to achieve planningregions at meson and macro levels. In herscheme of economic regions, Sen Guptagave much importance to natural regionsand used modality, productionspecialization and utilization of powerresources as bases of deline-ation. Her 7macro regions are further divided into 42meso regions . These 7 regions include :
  8. 8. P. SEN GUPTA REGIONS• (1) North Eastern Region,• (2) Eastern Region,• (3) Northern Central Region,• (4) Central Region,• (5) North-West-ern Region,• (6) Western Region, and• (7) Southern Region
  9. 9. C.S. Chandrasekhar (1972)• C.S. Chandrasekhar proposedascheme of planning regions . Hedivided India into 13 micro and 35meso planning regions. He used thecriteria of physical economic andecological factors to demarcate themacro planning regions . Theseregions include :
  10. 10. C.S. CHANDRASEKHAR REGIONS• (1) South peninsular region,• (2) Central peninsular region,• (3)Western peninsular region,• (4)Eastern peninsular region,• (5)Central deccan region,• (6) Gujrat region,• (7) Western rajasthan region ,• (8) Aravali region ,• (9) Jammu & Kashmir and the ladakh region,• (10) Trans into Gangetic region & the hill regions,• (11) Ganga- Yamuna plain region ,• (12) The lower Ganga plain region,• (13) North-Eastern region ,
  11. 11. TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNINGORGANISATION• In 1968, the Town and Country Planning Organisationsuggested a scheme of planning regions delineated onthe principle of economic viability, self-sufficiency andecological balance at the macro and meson levels. Theemphasis of the scheme was to introduce regional factorin economic development.• This approach would complement the macro planning atthe national level, with a compo-nent of regional policies,aimed at reducing regional disparities in thedevelopment. The macro- regionalization sought to link aset of areas, rich in one type of resources with areashaving complemen-tary resources or even resource poorareas, so that the benefits of economic activity in theformer may flow into the latter.• These planning regions cut across the State boundaries,but do not completely ignore the basic administrativeunits. The 13 macro- regions proposed under the schemeinclude:
  12. 12. REGIONS• (1)South Peninsular (Kerala and Tamil Nadu),• (2)Central Peninsular (Karnataka, Goa,Andhra Pradesh• (3) Western Peninsular (westernMaharashtra coastal and interior districts),• (4) Central Decca (eastern Maharashtra,central and southern Madhya Pradesh),• (5) Eastern Peninsular (Orissa, Jharkhandnorth-eastern Andhra Pradesh and Chatting• (6) Gujarat (Gujarat),• (7) Western Rajasthan, ( Aravalli Region(Eastern Rajasthan and wasted MadhyaPradesh),
  13. 13. CONTINUED. . .• (9) Jammu, Kashmir and Lad• (10) Trans Indo-Genetic Plains and Hills (PuneHaryana, Himachal Pradesh, West UttarPradesh and Uttaranchal),• (11) Ganga-Yamuna Plains (central andeastern Uttar Pradesh, and northern MadhyaPradesh),• (12) Lower Ganga Plains (Bihar and WestBengal Plains), and• (13) North-Eastern Region (A Sam and north-eastern states including Sikkim and northBengal).
  14. 14. NATMO• Under the directorship of ProfessorS.P. Chatterji (1966), the NationalAtlas Organisationproposed a 4-tier scheme ofeconomic regions. In this schememacro regions constitute a group ofstates delineated with reference tothe factors like population, politico-historical considerations, eco-nomicties, agricultural output, andcomplementary character of naturalresources.