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Western ghat region


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This ppt gives description about western ghat region.

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Western ghat region

  2. 2. CONCEPT OF REGION &REGIONALPLANNING • In planning terms, a region may be administrative or functional and includes a hierarchy of settlements, associated network and agricultural land, forest areas, environmentally sensitive zones and the like. • Regional planning in turn is a branch of landuse planning which deals with the efficient placement of landuse, infrastructure and settlements across a significantly larger area than an individual town/city. • Regional planning addresses issues related to flood plains, transportation infrastructure, the assigned role of settlements, designating various uses, green belts, setting out regional policies, zoning etc. • In order to achieve balanced development of the region, Regional Plan is prepared keeping in view the overall settlement hierarchy and allocation of economic activities as per the potential of the settlements of different order.
  3. 3. WESTERN GHATS REGION • The Western Ghats Hill Ranges run to a length of about 1600 Kms., more or less parallel to the west coast of Maharashtra starting from the mouth of river Tapti in Dhule district of Maharashtra and ending at Kanyakumari, the southern-most tip of India in Tamil Nadu. • The region covers an area of 1.60 lakh sq.kms. SOURCE :planning commission,moef
  4. 4. WESTERN GHATS REGION • Their positioning makes the Western Ghats biologically rich and biogeographically unique - a veritable treasure house of biodiversity. • Though covering an area of 1,80,000 square kilometres, or just under 6% of the land area of India, the Western Ghats contain more than 30% of all plant, fish, herpeto-fauna, bird, and mammal species found in India. • Many species are endemic, such as the Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius) and the Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus), in fact 50% of India’s amphibians and 67% of fish species are endemic to this region. source:WWF
  5. 5. Western Ghats Regional Development Plan • Western ghats Regional Development Programme was one of the major Programmes initiated by the planning commission under Hill Area Development. • The primary objectives of this programme was to achieve a balance between beneficiary-oriented and infrastructures development programmes keeping in view the vital importance of ecological importance and conservation.
  6. 6. WESTERN GHATS REGION • A separate Western Ghats Development Programme (WGDP) was launched in 1974-75 as a component of the programme for the development of hill areas of the country. • The delineation of the Western Ghats Region for inclusion in the Programme was settled in 1981 by a one-man Committee headed by Dr. M.S. Swaminathan, the then Member-Incharge of the Hill Areas in the Planning Commission. • For delineation of the areas for coverage by the WGDP, the criteria of elevation (600 metres above MSL) and contiguity with taluka (a territorial administrative unit) was adopted. • • The Programme is being implemented in 159 talukas comprising of Western Ghats in five States viz. Maharashtra (62 talukas), Karnataka (40 talukas), Kerala (29 talukas), Tamil Nadu (25 talukas) and Goa (3 talukas).
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