Regional plan


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Regional plan

  1. 1. REGIONAL PLANNING AND CASE STUDY OF GOA REGION Semester 4 Subject-Planning Practice Prepared By- Abhishek (2014BPLN022) Prakash (2014BPLN023) Sudeep (2014BPLN024) Sakshi (2014BPLN025)
  2. 2. CONTENTS  Regional Plan- Introduction  Categorization of region in India Context  District as Planning Region  Aspects of Investment Region Planning  Criteria for Delineation of Region  Case Study: GOA  Topographical Details  Regional Plans of Goa  Background to RPG-2021  Regional Plan Goa -2021  Objectives  Issues & Strategies  Tourism & Its impacts  Mining & Its impacts  Mapping  Spatial Strategy  District Plans  Significance of RPG-2021
  3. 3. REGIONAL PLAN Region is a contiguous geographical area, which has a fair degree of uniformity, in administration, economic linkages or natural environment. It is relatively a large area, with hierarchy of settlements and varying landscape. (Source-URDPFI Guidelines) 2015 Example- Southern Regions (Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala) ,European Economic Market, SAARC, Damodar Valley, Mumbai Metropolitan Region etc. Region Introduction About the Region Constituted areas: Region, Sub‐region, Functional areas, Growth centres etc. Ratio of Urban and rural developmen t Region Morphology Analysis of regional resources • Physical setting • Geography of the Region • Demography (Region and Sub‐region wise) • Settlement pattern • Transportation • Physical and Socio Economic linkages • Environment Projected requirement s Implementation Plan Major proposals and projects • Regional policy & Development strategy • Regional land use and Development Controls • Regional infrastructure • Disaster Risk Mitigation measures • Tourism • New and Modified Policies • Implementation strategies for the region for land and resource mobilisation • Co‐ordination of local bodies and authorities and integrated management • structure for the region • Estimation of the Fiscal requirement phase‐wise and source of fund. Specifying • projects to be taken up under PPP • Priorities of the developmental projects and further detailing of plans • Framework of monitoring and its mechanism According To the project needs and suitability (Source-URDPFI Guidelines) 2015
  4. 4. Considering the importance of regional planning at the district level and with the view to integrating the urban and regional development, the DPC and MPC were created through the 73rd and 74th CAA. Planning Region Administrative Region Investment Region Special Region • New investment Manufacturing zones • Industrial Corridor & freight Corridor • Special Investment Regions • Eco Sensitive regions • Culturally Sensitive regions • Socio-Economic Sensitive regions District Regions Metropolitan Region Delineation Legal Provision for a regions Planning Effects Administrative Setup As per Constitutional Amendment Act Administrative setup of these regions have to be decide by state Legislature Some states have provision Source- Compilation From 73rd & 74th CCA, 1992, Administrative setups & Regional Planning Cases in India Region based on Homogeneity, Functional Relationship, Administrative Regions Specific Provisions formulated Legal provision for delineating special regions Very few special regions in India Efforts have been taken by some state for investment regions and at national level Based on the requirements of the region , administrative setup be decide by State or Centre.
  5. 5. DISTRICT AS PLANNING REGION  India has 640 districts and according to Census of India,2011.  67 % districts are urbanized up to 50 % out of which approximately 7 % have crossed the line of 40 % urbanization.  9 % districts are 100 % urbanized. Proposed District Planning process Pre planning Consultation State level Perspective Plan District Level Metropolitan Region Distribution Distribution Compilation Compilation Taluka Level Development Authority Distribution Compilation Distribution Compilation Village Level Ward Level Overlayplans Sortingofissues Draftregionalplanpreparation Publicparticipation Finalregionalplan Source- Compilation From 73rd & 74th CCA, 1992, Administrative setups & Regional Planning examples of Kerala and goa
  6. 6. ASPECTS OF INVESTMENT REGION PLANNING  The policy in relation to land‐use and the allocation of land for different uses.  Identification of the potential nodes and counter magnets (if required for decongestion) for future and proposals for development.  Integrated transport policy, administration policy, law and order machinery.  Plan for regional infrastructure linkages, a dedicated and sustainable connectivity across the corridor and hinterland.  Policy for economic development.  Fund flow for development.  Indication of the areas which require immediate development as "priority areas".  Roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders.  Housing and shelter development.  Protection of environmentally and ecologically sensitive areas and conservation of heritage.  Sustainable development of resources including agriculture and rural development.  The perspective plan should define the influence zone of the corridor or define the rationality of selection in case of a node.  Monitoring systems and social audit mechanisms to ensure effective implementation of the plan.
  7. 7. CRITERIA FOR DELINEATION OF REGION Parameters & Indicators  Environment and land suitability - Soil cover & fertility, Topography, Geology, Geomorphology, Lithology & Drainage, Surface water body & Ground water table, Green & forest cover, Buffer areas, Agriculture cover and intensity of production, Hazardous zone, Other environmentally sensitive areas  Demographic, Quality of Life - Population growth rate: percentage increase in population, Urbanism: percentage of urban population to total population, Migration: number of persons migrating to nodal point, Density: population per Ha, Aspect of literacy, Other socio economic aspects,  Flows - Goods: Volume of goods traffic, People: Passenger traffic, Finance: banking facilities, Infrastructure links: Supply and management of services such as water supply, waste water and solid waste treatment with focus on recycling and re‐use, Drainage channels, irrigation channels, power house, Information: location of institutes, movement of students and scholars , Telephone calls  Economic and investments – Economic, Large investment proposals for developments, Workers Percentage of on‐agricultural workers to total workers, Land ownership and land uses.  Others- Contiguity of areas, Integrated development, Adjustment of boundaries with other planning areas, Manageable size of the region from planning point of view. Sources- Various Sources including Reading Material on Planning Techniques by JH Ansari and Mahavir., URDPFI Guidelines
  8. 8. GOA  Area:3702  Population:14.58 lakhs(Prov.Census2011) 60% live in coastal zone  Density:394 pp  Urban:62.17% of total population  Administrative: 2 Districts: North Goa and South Goa with 12 Talukas 1 Mun Corporation & 13 Municipalities 189 village Panchayats DISTRICT MAP OF GOA
  9. 9. TOPOGRAPHICAL DETAILS  3 Topographical Zones – Coastal Midlands Ghats  33% Forest Cover  Diverse Ecosystem
  10. 10. 3 REGIONAL PLANS: GOA  RPG 2001: First Regional Plan in India to Cover Entire State  RPG 2011: First Regional Plan to be Scrapped  RPG 2021: First Regional Plan to Introduce Bottom Up Planning (Plans developed at the lowest level of firm and then channeled through each next higher level of its participation)
  11. 11. BACKGROUND TO RPG-2021  August 2006: The Final Regional Plan 2011 notified. – Total 50% increase in settlement area as compared to RP 2001. Unprecedented public mobilization against Plan.  January 2007: Goa government denotes Regional Plan 2011 giving in to mounting public pressure.  October 2007: CM’s Task Force for RPG 2021 formed – Includes Charles Correa, Edgar Ribeiro (ex-CTP India) and representative members of the public  September 2008: Draft RPG-2021 submitted (181 days Public Process thereafter)  November 2010: Final RPG-2021 notified in parts
  12. 12. RPG-2021  Goa is the only state of the union to have a state level regional plan.  The State of Goa has prepared Goa Regional Plan, 2021.  The basic approach for preparation of Goa Regional Plan has been protection of fragile environment of the State by introducing “Eco Sensitive Zones” and planning details at village Panchayats level.  To facilitate the regional planning three tier structure was prepared. At highest level is State Level Committee, at lowest level is village panchayat and Taluka level task force at intermediate level.  The Regional Plan gives a micro level planning of the State of Goa with the village Panchayats as the planning units. Multiple level consultative process has been undertaken in preparation of the plan.
  13. 13. OBJECTIVES “To create a more vibrant and prosperous Goa…to create a Goa that has greater economic prosperity… in a manner that does not endanger the fragile ecosystems that make Goa what it is. ..We believe this can be best done in honest and open collaboration with the people of Goa.” -Draft RPG 2021
  14. 14. 66% 25% 9% 0%0% 0.08% 0.08% 0.02% 0.21% Religious Data Hindu Christian Muslim Not Available Sikh Jain Buddhist Other Religion Goa at Glance, Census of India2001 2011
  15. 15. POWER Goa’s power demand has been increasing by leaps and bounds after its liberation. The annual per capita consumption has increased from 13 KWH to over 959 KWH, as against the national average of around 300 KWH. Electricity department can take credit for electrifying 100 percentage of the villages in Goa and focus now on making power available to all categories of users in quantity and quality. The Government of Goa has done well to permit power generation in the private sector and a 48 MW plant installed by Reliance – Salgaonkar Ltd. is already functional. WATER Goa receives an average rainfall over 3000 mm. The availability of water in Goa will not pose any problem for a number of years to come. The present water supply damnation the State is catered through Seven Regional Water Supply Schemes installed Opa, Assonora, Sanquelim, Salaulim, Canacona, Dabose and Chandel. The Salaulim water supply scheme is the largest amongst all the regional water supply schemes having capacity of 160 MLD covering most part of the South Goa District. Mandovi River Zuari River Chapora River
  16. 16. MISSION FOR SLUMS It is the endeavor of the Government of Goa to provide need based, quality & affordable housing to suit local requirements along with adequate supporting infrastructure services to all by 2015 AD. SOURCE- GOA HOUSING BOARD
  17. 17. ISSUES  Pressure on land fuelled by speculation changing character of Goa’s settlements  Agriculture lands converting to real estate  Intra migration and lack of jobs to match skill sets of population  Infrastructure needing up gradation.  Environmental degradation due to Goa’s two major industries- tourism and mining. STRATEGIES Toensure future balanced distribution of population and sustainable growth – •Creation of new growth centers in the midland talukas •Enhanced public transportation networks •Preserving Goa’s fragile environment
  18. 18. TOURISM  26.49 lakh annual tourists  Increasing Real Estate Development IMPACTS  Increasing Deforestation  Declining Agriculture  Increasing Water Pollution  Decreasing Water Table  Salt water ingress  Increasing Solid Waste  Inadequate Sewage Disposal
  19. 19. MINING AND ITS IMPACTS  117 operating mining leases that cover 259 sq. km of land in the state  Large reject dumps prone to erosion during monsoon.  Cause siltation / inundation and pollution of water bodies and agricultural lands.  Deforestation  Severe air pollution due to transportation of ore by open trucks
  20. 20. MAPPING ECO-1 54.06% • Forests (NP/Sanctuary/Protected/ Reserved/private forests) 35.53% • Mangroves 1.22% • Water bodies 5.32 % • Khazan lands/paddy fields 11.66% • Non Developable Slopes (gradient over 33%) • CRZ-I ECO-2 26.29% • Orchards 22.77% • Cultivable lands 3.32 % • Salt Pans 0.06 % • Fish Farms/Mud Flats 0.13%, CRZ-II 80% of land under conservation/regulation
  21. 21. MAPPING OF MINES • 117 active Mines • 700 mining leases • RP Recommendations: • Closure of Mines within Forests • Phasing out of Mines within 1 km Forest Buffer and 1 km buffer of Water Sources
  24. 24. RPG-21 : DISTRICT PLANS
  25. 25. RPG-21 : DISTRICT PLANS
  26. 26. WHY IS RPG 2021 SIGNIFICANT?  Foregrounds Participation & Sustainability – RPG-2021 as broad framework with development plans to be prepared by Local Bodies – 80% land under eco-protection and regulated development