SLC supervised the process of public participation, explained the plan and coordinated with Taluka level technical task. TLTC took it to respective village panchayats.
REGIONAL PLANNING AND CASE STUDY OF
Regional Plan- Introduction
Categorization of region in India Context
District as Planning Region
Aspects of Investment Region Planning
Criteria for Delineation of Region
Case Study: GOA
Regional Plans of Goa
Background to RPG-2021
Regional Plan Goa -2021
Issues & Strategies
Tourism & Its impacts
Mining & Its impacts
Significance of RPG-2021
Region is a contiguous geographical area, which has a fair degree of uniformity, in administration,
economic linkages or natural environment. It is relatively a large area, with hierarchy of settlements and
varying landscape. (Source-URDPFI Guidelines) 2015
Example- Southern Regions (Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala) ,European Economic Market, SAARC,
Damodar Valley, Mumbai Metropolitan Region etc.
• Geography of
• Physical and
Major proposals and
• Regional policy &
• Regional land use
• Disaster Risk
• New and Modified
• Implementation strategies for
the region for land and
• Co‐ordination of local bodies
and authorities and integrated
• structure for the region
• Estimation of the Fiscal
requirement phase‐wise and
source of fund. Specifying
• projects to be taken up under
• Priorities of the developmental
projects and further detailing of
• Framework of monitoring and
(Source-URDPFI Guidelines) 2015
Considering the importance of regional planning at the district level and with the view to integrating the urban
and regional development, the DPC and MPC were created through the 73rd and 74th CAA.
Administrative Region Investment Region Special Region
• New investment Manufacturing
• Industrial Corridor & freight Corridor
• Special Investment Regions
• Eco Sensitive regions
• Culturally Sensitive regions
• Socio-Economic Sensitive regions
Legal Provision for
As per Constitutional Amendment
Administrative setup of these
regions have to be decide by state
Some states have provision
Source- Compilation From 73rd & 74th CCA, 1992, Administrative setups & Regional Planning Cases in India
Region based on
Homogeneity, Functional Relationship, Administrative Regions
Specific Provisions formulated
Legal provision for delineating
Very few special regions in
Efforts have been taken by
some state for investment
regions and at national level
Based on the requirements of the region , administrative setup
be decide by State or Centre.
DISTRICT AS PLANNING REGION
India has 640 districts and according to Census of India,2011.
67 % districts are urbanized up to 50 % out of which approximately 7 % have crossed the line of 40 %
9 % districts are 100 % urbanized.
Proposed District Planning process
Pre planning Consultation State level Perspective Plan
Source- Compilation From 73rd & 74th CCA, 1992, Administrative setups & Regional Planning examples of Kerala and goa
ASPECTS OF INVESTMENT REGION PLANNING
The policy in relation to land‐use and the allocation of land for different uses.
Identification of the potential nodes and counter magnets (if required for decongestion) for future and
proposals for development.
Integrated transport policy, administration policy, law and order machinery.
Plan for regional infrastructure linkages, a dedicated and sustainable connectivity across the corridor
Policy for economic development.
Fund flow for development.
Indication of the areas which require immediate development as "priority areas".
Roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders.
Housing and shelter development.
Protection of environmentally and ecologically sensitive areas and conservation of heritage.
Sustainable development of resources including agriculture and rural development.
The perspective plan should define the influence zone of the corridor or define the rationality of
selection in case of a node.
Monitoring systems and social audit mechanisms to ensure effective implementation of the plan.
CRITERIA FOR DELINEATION OF REGION
Parameters & Indicators
Environment and land suitability - Soil cover & fertility, Topography, Geology, Geomorphology,
Lithology & Drainage, Surface water body & Ground water table, Green & forest cover, Buffer areas,
Agriculture cover and intensity of production, Hazardous zone, Other environmentally sensitive areas
Demographic, Quality of Life - Population growth rate: percentage increase in population,
Urbanism: percentage of urban population to total population, Migration: number of persons migrating to nodal
point, Density: population per Ha, Aspect of literacy, Other socio economic aspects,
Flows - Goods: Volume of goods traffic, People: Passenger traffic, Finance: banking facilities, Infrastructure
links: Supply and management of services such as water supply, waste water and solid waste treatment with
focus on recycling and re‐use, Drainage channels, irrigation channels, power house, Information: location of
institutes, movement of students and scholars , Telephone calls
Economic and investments – Economic, Large investment proposals for developments, Workers
Percentage of on‐agricultural workers to total workers, Land ownership and land uses.
Others- Contiguity of areas, Integrated development, Adjustment of boundaries with other planning areas,
Manageable size of the region from planning point of view.
Sources- Various Sources including Reading Material on Planning Techniques by JH Ansari and Mahavir.,
60% live in coastal zone
Density:394 pp sq.km
Urban:62.17% of total population
Administrative: 2 Districts: North
Goa and South Goa with 12
Talukas 1 Mun Corporation & 13
Municipalities 189 village
DISTRICT MAP OF GOA
3 Topographical Zones –
33% Forest Cover
3 REGIONAL PLANS: GOA
RPG 2001: First Regional Plan in India to Cover Entire
RPG 2011: First Regional Plan to be Scrapped
RPG 2021: First Regional Plan to Introduce Bottom
Up Planning (Plans developed at the lowest level of
firm and then channeled through each next higher
level of its participation)
BACKGROUND TO RPG-2021
August 2006: The Final Regional Plan 2011 notified.
– Total 50% increase in settlement area as compared to RP
2001. Unprecedented public mobilization against Plan.
January 2007: Goa government denotes Regional Plan
2011 giving in to mounting public pressure.
October 2007: CM’s Task Force for RPG 2021 formed
– Includes Charles Correa, Edgar Ribeiro (ex-CTP India) and
representative members of the public
September 2008: Draft RPG-2021 submitted (181 days
Public Process thereafter)
November 2010: Final RPG-2021 notified in parts
Goa is the only state of the union to have a state level regional plan.
The State of Goa has prepared Goa Regional Plan, 2021.
The basic approach for preparation of Goa Regional Plan has been protection
of fragile environment of the State by introducing “Eco Sensitive Zones” and
planning details at village Panchayats level.
To facilitate the regional planning three tier structure was prepared. At
highest level is State Level Committee, at lowest level is village panchayat and
Taluka level task force at intermediate level.
The Regional Plan gives a micro level planning of the State of Goa with the
village Panchayats as the planning units. Multiple level consultative process
has been undertaken in preparation of the plan.
“To create a more vibrant and prosperous Goa…to create a
Goa that has greater economic prosperity… in a manner
that does not endanger the fragile ecosystems that make
Goa what it is. ..We believe this can be best done in honest
and open collaboration with the people of Goa.”
-Draft RPG 2021
Goa at Glance, Census of India2001 2011
Goa’s power demand has been increasing by leaps and bounds after its liberation. The
annual per capita consumption has increased from 13 KWH to over 959 KWH, as against the
national average of around 300 KWH. Electricity department can take credit for electrifying
100 percentage of the villages in Goa and focus now on making power available to all
categories of users in quantity and quality. The Government of Goa has done well to permit
power generation in the private sector and a 48 MW plant installed by Reliance – Salgaonkar
Ltd. is already functional.
Goa receives an average rainfall over 3000 mm. The availability of water in Goa will not pose
any problem for a number of years to come. The present water supply damnation the State is
catered through Seven Regional Water Supply Schemes installed Opa, Assonora, Sanquelim,
Salaulim, Canacona, Dabose and Chandel. The Salaulim water supply scheme is the largest
amongst all the regional water supply schemes having capacity of 160 MLD covering most
part of the South Goa District.
Mandovi River Zuari River Chapora River
MISSION FOR SLUMS
It is the endeavor of the Government of Goa to provide need based, quality & affordable
housing to suit local requirements along with adequate supporting infrastructure services to
all by 2015 AD.
SOURCE- GOA HOUSING BOARD
Pressure on land fuelled by speculation changing character of Goa’s
Agriculture lands converting to real estate
Intra migration and lack of jobs to match skill sets of population
Infrastructure needing up gradation.
Environmental degradation due to Goa’s two major industries-
tourism and mining.
Toensure future balanced distribution of population and sustainable
•Creation of new growth centers in the midland talukas
•Enhanced public transportation networks
•Preserving Goa’s fragile environment
26.49 lakh annual tourists
Increasing Real Estate
Increasing Water Pollution
Decreasing Water Table
Salt water ingress
Increasing Solid Waste
MINING AND ITS IMPACTS
117 operating mining leases that cover 259 sq. km of land in the
Large reject dumps prone to erosion during monsoon.
Cause siltation / inundation and pollution of water bodies and
Severe air pollution due to transportation of ore by open trucks
• Forests (NP/Sanctuary/Protected/
Reserved/private forests) 35.53%
• Mangroves 1.22%
• Water bodies 5.32 %
• Khazan lands/paddy fields 11.66%
• Non Developable Slopes (gradient over 33%)
• Orchards 22.77%
• Cultivable lands 3.32 %
• Salt Pans 0.06 %
• Fish Farms/Mud Flats 0.13%, CRZ-II
80% of land under conservation/regulation
MAPPING OF MINES
• 117 active Mines
• 700 mining leases
• RP Recommendations:
• Closure of Mines within Forests
• Phasing out of Mines within 1 km
Forest Buffer and 1 km buffer of
WHY IS RPG 2021 SIGNIFICANT?
Foregrounds Participation & Sustainability
– RPG-2021 as broad framework with development
plans to be prepared by Local Bodies
– 80% land under eco-protection and regulated