Let me introduce you to team Bowler. The Bowlers L to R . Just peaking out of the big wombat hole is Pip, then my eldest sister Katherine, Nick in the other wombat hole and me. Whilst we don’t see the wombats too often. Itspretty hazardous driving a • The Bowlers picturetractor where they dig their burrows especially if they are hidden in the grass. Lots of good info on wombats here: www.sherryfelix.com/Creatures/wombat/wombat
My Hobbies• I play hockey in Albury. I have played since I was 10 years old. Last season I started playing in senior division and won the Coaches’ Award for my club which was exciting.• I breed and show Muscovy Ducks, and a few other types of poultry, at Sydney Royal and Canberra National Poultry Show• I have competed in a number of junior judging and junior handler competitions for poultry, waterfowl, merino sheep, meat sheep, grain, fleeces and beef cattle.• I also like to make things out of metal and have been studying Metals & Engineering at TAFE as part of my HSC.
My Show Successes2009• Qualified for the NSW State Finals in merino sheep, merino fleece and beef cattle junior judging and in beef cattle parading.• Competed in the NSW State Junior Poultry Judging.• Reserve Champion in the RAS Junior Waterfowl Judging.
Its pretty nerve Sheep judging is awracking speaking on popular activity for the mike during students. The statejudging competitions finals are held at thebut it’s a great skill to Royal Shows in each learn and gives you capital city. The confidence purpose is to judge the appearance of animals and then to place (rank) them based on how they look. Judging activities help young people learn to make sound decisions and to defend them by an oral presentation of their reasons.
Where is Holbrook• Holbrook is a small town located in Southern New South Wales• It is located on the Hume Highway, 356km NE of Melbourne and 491km SW of Sydney between Tarcutta and Albury.• In 2006 Holbrook had a population of 1,336 people.• The district around Holbrook is renowned for local produce including merino wool, wheat and other grains, lucerne, fat cattle and lamb. Source: Wikipedia
Where did Holbrook get its name?• The area was originally inhabited by the Wiradjuri people.• The explorers Hume and Hovell were the first known Europeans in the area. They travelled through in 1824 when looking for new grazing country in the south of the colony of New South Wales.• The town was originally called Ten Mile Creek and the first buildings erected in 1836. A German immigrant, John Christopher Pabst, became the publican of the Woolpack Hotel on 29 July 1840 and the area became known as "the Germans". By 1858 the name had evolved in to the official name of Germanton• Ten Mile Creek Post Office opened on 1 January 1857, and was renamed Germanton in 1875 and Holbrook in 1915.• During World War I, the town name was deemed unpatriotic. On 24 August 1915 the town was renamed Holbrook in honour of Lt. Norman Douglas Holbrook, a decorated wartime submarine captain and winner of the Victoria Cross. Lt. Holbrook commanded the submarine HMS B11. Source Wikipedia
The Story of the Submarine• To honour Lt. Holbrook the towns namesake, the Holbrook council acquired a portion of the hull of HMAS Otway, when it was decommissioned by the Royal Australian Navy in 1995.• The Navy gifted the fin from the submarine to the town. This resulted in a drive by the town and district to bid on the whole submarine. This drive for the purchase of the submarine, was successful in raising $100,000, almost all a gift from Lt Holbrooks widow Gundula Holbrook.• However, this amount was insufficient to purchase all of the Otway. Through negotiations with the scrap yard in Sydney, the town did succeed in purchasing all of the outside skin of the Otway above the waterline.• This part of the Otway is now displayed in Germanton Park in the heart of Holbrook, having being dedicated on 7-8 June 1997.
Why Young Farmers are so Important.It is very important for Australia to attract youngpeople into agribusiness careers as the worldfaces complex challenges such as:• Feeding an ever-increasing world population.• Farming with less resources that will become more and more expensive.• Maintaining and improving the environment in which we live.
Did you Know?• Over 3 billion people now rely on food grown somewhere else and transported to cities, a number likely to grow to around 7 billion by 2050.• In the next 50 years we will need to produce as much food as has been consumed over our entire human history. ww.csiro.au
Do you know how many people go hungry?• It is estimated that 854 million people in the world suffer from chronic hunger and malnutrition. This means that 1 in nearly 7 people do not get enough food to be healthy and lead an active life, making hunger and malnutrition the number one risk to health worldwide.• About 24,000 people die every day from hunger or hunger-related causes. Three- fourths of the deaths are children under the age of 5. www.globalissues.org
Do you know how scarce water is becoming?• Logically most freshwater is used to grow food and other agricultural crops.• Worldwide, agriculture accounts for 80% of global water consumption, and in Africa and Asia it accounts for 90%.• To feed a growing world population, it is estimated that 14-17% more fresh water will be needed for irrigation by 2030. http://whyfiles.org
•Today, 31 countries face chronicfreshwater shortages.• In 2025, 48 countries areexpected to face shortagesaffecting more than 2.8 billionpeople,•Countries likely to run short ofwater in the next 25 years areEthiopia, India, Kenya, Nigeria,and Peru.• Other large countries such asChina, face chronic waterproblems. www.Overpopulation.org
And there is more!!! Add to this the world faces increasing pressure from• Population growth. o currently the world population is 6.8 billion. It is predicted to be 9 billion in 2040 - a 33% increase• Rapid urbanisation. o It is predicted up to 60% of people will live in urban areas by 2040 compared to 13% in 1900 http://en.wikipedia.org
The challenges.• Firstly we will need to achieve this where carbon and water have a price.• And we can no longer simply clear more forest and farm even more marginally.• Secondly this is happening at a time when we are seeing the greatest migration of people to urban centres.
Scary stuff indeed.“An estimated 4.3 people are born every second around the world.” Population Reference Bureaus 2006 World Population Data Sheet
So on top of feeding the world we have the challenge of housing the world.• Population growth means houses now occupy prime agricultural land and as I said before• Over 3 billion people now rely on food grown somewhere else and transported to cities, a number likely to grow to around 7 billion by 2050.
Challenging and Complex.• All of these influences - not to mention shortages of irrigation water, oil prices, poverty and civil unrest
Agriculture not only feeds us• Australian agriculture not only provides food and materials for domestic consumption, it also provides significant export revenue.• The agricultural and mining sectors (10% of GDP combined) account for 57% of the nations exports. http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/ http://www.rba.gov.au/Statistics/
Farmers can make a difference and this is why I study agriculture at school• Let me share with you why it’s important and the opportunities I have had at Billabong High School to prepare me for a career in agriculture.
It is the continuing teaching ofagriculture that is vital to the future of Australia.Our school farm provides a hands-on environment wherewe are able to observe and actively participate in itsrunning.My studies include• Understanding how a basic farm operates and how a small sheep stud works.• 70 hours of work placement in the agricultural industry of my choice.• preparing sheep and cattle for shows.• Showing school cattle and sheep as well as working with sheep studs.
Our school farm.• The farm is about 1.5ha in size, with a feed lot system that can hold up to 10 steers.• The school runs a small South Suffolk sheep stud with 15 ewes and 5 breeding rams.• We grow oats to be used as greenfeed for the sheep.• The sheep also have the use of a number of small paddocks and sometimes the school oval for grazing.
Our school farm cont..The school farm alsosuppliesopportunities for usto grow andharvest our owncrops and toconductexperimental trials.
Lets talk about sheepShowing Sheep• We show South Suffolk Sheep.• I am Team Leader for the Billabong School show sheep team.• I am in charge of feeding and general care of the sheep.
South Suffolk SheepThe South Suffolkbreed was created bycrossing a Suffolk witha Southdown.The South Suffolk firstappeared in NewZealand during the1930s in response toan overseas demandfor leaner meat. www.nzsheep.co.nz/southsuffolk
So where did original Suffolk Sheep come from? - Suffolk off course Norfolk Horn Southdown Suffolk•The Suffolk was developed in England by crossing a variety of horned sheep,the Norfolk Horn, with Southdown sheep.•The Southdown gave the breed conformation (its shape and build) and its quiettemperament, while the Norfolk Horn gave taste and quality to the meat.
Time line of Suffolk SheepOrigins• 4500BC Neolithic farmers take their livestock, including the Soay breed, to Britain• 43AD Romans occupied Britain and took with them their livestock, including some large, long-woolled sheep• 1300s Brought another new breed - the Norfolk Horn, a descendant of the Soay• 1600s Norfolks were crossed with Southdowns and originally known as Southdown Norfolks or Blackfaces.• 1810 Accepted as purebreds. The name Suffolk was used for the first time in the early 1800s www.suffolks.com.au/breedinfo
Important dates for Suffolks in Australia• 1886 The first Suffolks were bought to Australia by Rev. Samuel Marsden.• 1887 The breed recognised by the English Royal Society.• 1903 Suffolks imported from England by Albury sheep breeder Mr GR Jackson.• 1904 Flock imported from England by Mr FE Thorneman of Yarra Junction, Victoria.• 1914 No 1 Registration was held by "Victoria Stud" of the Dept of Agriculture Research Farm at Werribee Victoria.• 1959 Classes introduced at the Suffolk Agricultural Association Show. www.suffolks.com.au
Catch up on your sheep lingo• Lambs are young sheep which still have their baby teeth.• Ewe - a female sheep is called a ewe.• Ram - a male sheep is called a ram.• Wether - a castrated male sheep is called a wether. Wethers are less aggressive than rams.• Hogget - a young sheep which has cut its 2nd teeth but is not yet mature.• A group of sheep is called a flock or a mob.
Catch up on your sheep lingo cont..• Lamb and mutton Lamb is also the term for the flesh of a young domestic sheep eaten as food. The meat from a sheep that is older than 12 months is called mutton.• Wool The fibre that most sheep grow is called wool. The wool from one sheep is called a fleece. Many fleeces from the same farm, wool pool, region, or state are called a clip.• Lambing The process of giving birth to lambs is called lambing. Another word for birthing is parturition. Another word for pregnancy is gestation.
Sheep are smarter than you think.•New research is suggesting that sick sheep could actually be smart enough to cure themselves.•Australian researchers believe that sick sheep may actually seek out plants that make them feel better.•There has been previous evidence to suggest that animals can detect what nutrients they are deficient in and can develop knowledge about which foods are beneficial or toxic.
Some fast facts aboutthe Australian Sheepmeat industry courtesy of MLA.
Some more fast facts about the AustralianSheepmeat industrycourtesy of MLA.
The school shows beef cattle as well.The school show team attends Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra Royal Shows, as well as a number of local shows, each year for stud cattle and steers.
Some more Aussie beef fast factshttp://www.mla.com.au/
Major school achievementsBillabong High School has won the Grand Champion Led Steer at Melbourne Royal Show for last 2 years.
More success at Melbourne Royal ShowMandayen Limousin and Billabong High School joined forces to win the prestigious Borthwick Trophy at the 2008 Melbourne Royal.The three limousin steers bred at Mandayen were prepared by the school students and they dominated the steer showing.The steers were awarded:• Grand Champion Steer on hoof.• First place Borthwick team on the hoof and hook.• 2008 Borthwick Trophy winning team for three purebred steers. www.mandayen.com.au
Limousin CattleOrigins of the Breed:• The Limousin breed originated in a region of central France - rugged, granite country - where the summers are hot and winters are severe.• The documented history of Limousin goes back more than 15,000 years to an area surrounding the French city of Limoges where rough cave paintings showing the characteristics of the breed have been discovered and carbon dated. The Limousin herd book was established in 1886.• Today the Limousin breed can be found in seventy countries from the northern-most herds of Finland and the Commonwealth of Soviet States to countries such as Cuba, South Africa and China.• The Limousin breed is: o the largest breed in the UK o the third largest breed in the USA o the fifth largest breed in Canada o the seventh largest breed in Australia www.limousin.com.au
Billabong High School at Canberra Show in 2008. We won grand champion pure bred steer. Not a bad effort!!!Learn more about judging beef cattle here:www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/agriculture/livestock/beef/breeding/general/objective-measurement-showing
Lets talk about ducks.Remember I also said I breed and show Muscovy DucksHere is some info on the breed:• Breed: The Muscovy Temperament: females make the best pets Cost: $15 - 25 for adult female, $30 for drakes, $100 for stud Muscovies .• Lifespan: 7 to 8 years. Recommended for: anyone wishing to keep ducks. Maintenance: low.• Muscovies are easily distinguished from other breeds by their faces which are devoid of feathers, bright red, flashy and carnunculated (lumpy).Source www.burkesbackyard.com.au/2000/archives/2000/roadtests/birds/muscovy
My sister Katherine is studyingAgricultural Science at Charles Sturt Uni. Katherine will be going into station management when she finishes.
Farmers are VIP’sSo as you can see: o Farmers will play an increasingly important role in ensuring world food security in the future. o Studying agriculture at school opens lots of doors and takes you lots of places. So why not consider an agriculture education pathway like Katherine
Acknowledgements• School show photos supplied by Mr. Stephen Trickett Billabong High School Agriculture Teacher• Dr John Williams, NSW Natural Resources Commissioner “Our Landscapes, Our Future: foundations for a democratic civil society” HUNTER VALLEY RESEARCH FOUNDATION September 2009 LECTURE SERIES
PLATINUM GOLD SILVER BRONZE MEDIA SPONSOR Gerringong & Albion Park Vet Clinic
This is aChristopher Bowlerpresentation for the 2009