WHAT DOES FARM3 MEAN TO ME? HOW DOES IT
RELATE TO OUR SOCIETY OF TODAY??
FIRST THING THAT SPRINGS INTO MY MIND IS
VERTICAL FARMING, WHAT IS IT??
“VERTICAL FARMING IS THE CONCEPT OF HOUSING HIGH“VERTICAL FARMING IS THE CONCEPT OF HOUSING HIGH“VERTICAL FARMING IS THE CONCEPT OF HOUSING HIGH---YIELD FOOD PRO-YIELD FOOD PRO-YIELD FOOD PRO-
DUCTION CENTRES IN AN INNER CITY ENVIRONMENT, THUS REDUCINGDUCTION CENTRES IN AN INNER CITY ENVIRONMENT, THUS REDUCINGDUCTION CENTRES IN AN INNER CITY ENVIRONMENT, THUS REDUCING
DAMAGE TO THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORTATION COSTS AND EMISSIONSDAMAGE TO THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORTATION COSTS AND EMISSIONSDAMAGE TO THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORTATION COSTS AND EMISSIONS
AND ENSURING A CONSTANT SUPPLY OF FOOD” (FAND ENSURING A CONSTANT SUPPLY OF FOOD” (FAND ENSURING A CONSTANT SUPPLY OF FOOD” (FISCHETTIISCHETTIISCHETTI 2008)2008)2008)
ARE WE IN SHORTAGE OF FOOD?? DO WE NEED TO
FIND SOLUTIONS TO HOW WE LIVE & CHANGE OUR
HABITS. HOW DOES THIS CONNECT TO US IN DIF-
WHAT DOES IT MEAN IN SOCIAL, ECONOMIC,
POLITICAL, ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT?
WHAT IS INDETERMINCY??....
In Architectural Form:
It is : COMPLEX, INDISTINST, VAGUE.....
BLURRED, BROKEN, AMBIGUOUS NON-SPECIFIC.....
Indeterminacy could be Physical, material, social or political. In Architecture, physical shape is
limited to Nature. Materials er use should not be pushed to extremes to create shapes that
aren‟t natural. Complexity can be over powering, where simplicity is always to me Beautiful.
Simplicity is hard to achieve.
INDETERMINCY BY GREG LYNN:
“Amorphous, Fluid, Flexible, open, non ideal, non-eidetic, provisional, incomplete, indefinite,
and irreducible. Effects is an alternate to the mere arrest of these qualities in conflicting
To me it can be repre-
sented by a figure 8, or
a Mobius Band contin-
ual and endless...
Infinity, the future, and the harmonious interaction between the con-
scious and unconscious. That which has no end
A mathematician confided...
That a Möbius band is one-sided, And you'll get quite a laugh, If
you cut one in half,
For it stays in one piece when divided. A mobius strip is a continu-
ous loop with only one side and one edge. Change, regeneration,
wonder, new ideas, oddity, and cycles.
THE WORLD OF COMMUNICATION....
People Worldwide communicate through phone, internet, emails and data.
There is less face to face contact, reducing the interpersonal relationship, which once
IMPACT ON THE REGION
Phenomenon Hot Days & Nights (Hot waves in Adelaide & Melbourne this year)
Warm spells & Heat Waves
Drought affected areas (Murray Darling River)
Intense Tropical Cyclone activity (Cyclone Ului ravaged the Whitsundays)
Cyclone Ului devastated the Whitsundays
at the beginning of the year
The unnatural heat wave which hit Ade-
laide & Melbourne this year, caused the
rail lines to buckle under the heat
HOW DOES THIS EFFECT
OUR DAILY LIVES?OUR
IS AT RISK FROM ONE
NATURAL DIASESTER TO
AT THE CURRENT RATES OF DEFORESTATION, THERE‟LL BE ONLY ONE TENTH OF THE
FOREST IN TEH WORLD IN 2030. THE FLOW ON EFFECST ONLUDE
Disruption to rain & weather Patterns
Water table Shifts
Lost of habitat to wildlife
HOW CAN WE REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF LAND USE FOR AGRICULTURE? HOW CAN WE
TEACH THE YOUNGER GENERATION TO PRODUCE THEIR OWN FOOD??
The drying Murray Darling River , changing the
natural environment and biodiversity along the
Burning of natural forests to make way for
THE GLOBAL POPULATION IS SET TO RISE FROM CURRENTLY 6.85 BILLION TO 9.4
BILLION IN 2050.
ACCORDING TO THE AUSTRALIAN BUREAU OF STATISTICS, 'AUSTRALIA'S
POPULATION IS PROJECTED TO GROW FROM 21 MILLION IN 2006 TO BETWEEN 31
AND 43 MILLION IN 2056.
ACCORDING TO THE UNITED NATION'S 'FOOD & AGRICULTURAL ORGANISATION',
FOOD RESERVES ARE AT A 50 YEAR LOW BUT THE WORLLD WILL REQUIRES 50%
MORE ENERGY, FOOD AND WATER BY 2030. THE WORLD WILL HAVE TO PRODUCE
70% MORE FOOD BY 2050 TO FEED A PROJECTED ECTRA 2.3 MILLION PEOPLE.
HOW DO WE FEED AND MAINTAIN OUR EVERYDAY LIFE FOR THE GROWING
From the research about climate change and deforesta-
tion, I wanted to learn how Brisbane is doing their part to
teach the younger generation the importance of learning
to grow their own food.
I looked into Urban Farming around the Brisbane UrbanI looked into Urban Farming around the Brisbane UrbanI looked into Urban Farming around the Brisbane Urban
areas. It is important that we begin to look at how weareas. It is important that we begin to look at how weareas. It is important that we begin to look at how we
exist and how we manage our own resources.exist and how we manage our own resources.exist and how we manage our own resources.
We need to do more than “Driving Hybrid Cars” or living inWe need to do more than “Driving Hybrid Cars” or living in
”Eco Houses” or “Reducing our water consumption”. These”Eco Houses” or “Reducing our water consumption”. These
should be our standard way of living. What we need to try andshould be our standard way of living. What we need to try and
do is to minimise the amount of trucks, tractors, planes anddo is to minimise the amount of trucks, tractors, planes and
cars used as convenience, but the planet is paying for it...cars used as convenience, but the planet is paying for it...
RESEARCH. - WHAT CAN WE DO???
HISTORY OF THE VALLEY....
I have recently moved to Brisbane, Its important for me to understand the history of the surrounding areas of the site....to get better understanding of what makes
up the characteristic of the place.
Ship „Fortitude” brought Minis-
ter Dr John Dunmore & 256 Free
Migrants to Moreton Bay
Land cleared & sub-divided. Some
bought by traders, future develop-
ment as a commercial centre.
1st Brick Building, the „Lamb Inn‟
now the Royal George Hotel
First cutting of Duncan‟s Hill in
Ann ST (opps the Hollow). For
better access between city & the
Valley & beyond. This hill was
cut down 15ft, stones were used
to form lower Ann St, Wickham
Building Boom. The TC Beirne,
McWhirters & Overells in 1890‟2
added life & bustle to the Valley.
It became one of the Major
Shopping Venues for Brisbane.
To cater for the influx of working class families, new housing was built on allotments in the streets be-
yond the commercial centre concentrated in Ann, Brunswick & Wickham Street. As people lived in the
Suburbs, social & religious Institutions were built to cater for their needs. These developmental trends
explain the present diverse nature of the Valley, characterised by commercial buildings, hotels &
churches, side by side with residential buildings...
Another boom prompted a re-
newed wave of development. The
valley became the Shopping Pre-
cinct dominated by McWhirters,
Beirne‟s and Overend‟s
With the rise of suburban shopping
centres, the Tram network was
closed in 1969. Customers de-
creased. David Jones & Myers
closed their shops. The valley feel
into disrepute. Many Illegal Gam-
bling Houses & Brothels popped
up. As the 1st step to revitalise the
Valley, Chinatown Mall was estab-
lished in 1987
The valley became a thriving
Music Scene & nightclub dis-
trict. Brunswick St Pedestrian
Mall was established in 1991.
Musicians & Fans revolted
against complaints from local
residents in the “SAVE THE MU-
SIC” campaign. This saw Aus-
tralia‟s first „Special Entertain-
ment Precinct‟ to protect music
& new residents through plan-
Map of Valley 1862—wickham terrace 1870—wickham terrace 1875—wickham terrace
HISTORY OF THE VALLEY....
Historical Pictures... Shows how people lived and what people did in their time... Its the make up of the Valley....
McWhirter—Place of High Significance tot eh history &
Making of the Valley in the 1880‟s
(Poster—Women‟s Fashion 1941)
McWhirter & Son. Architecture of the Time& How they travelledThe Valley Baths. People at Play
HISTORY OF THE VALLEY....PAST & PRESENT
While researching online, I came across the picture of the Valley. The building is still standing with
much of the character retained. The streetscape has been replaced by cars instead of trams &
horse & cart . (late 1890‟s)
Current state of the building on Wickham Street. (2010)
Looking into the history of the Valley in a Social and economical context, there has been many ups and
downs, which makes up the character of the place.
From prosperous commercial centre to derelict & forgotten streets where brothels and illegal gambling
dens populated the area.
Through the booms and busts, the perception of a ethnic and cultural disconnection has taken over the
Valley, losing the well integrated social and cultural cohesion which defined the assortment of building
forms and uses. From the population growth, people moved to suburban centres and city fringe for
affordability, taking with it the traditional family functionality. Lower income earners, migrants, elderly
people and people with disability forced away from the city centre and
To house people in the lower income demographics, who can‟t afford to live in the city...
SINGLE PARENT FAMILY ........ STUDENTS ........... LOWER INCOME FAMILIES.........
ELDERLY PEOPLE ......... MIGRANTS
The chosen users will learn to share the space with different cultures, age group and gender. Within the
„Shared Habitat‟ of young and old, I would hope to encourage social interaction and learning of tradi-
tional agricultural methods from the people with many differences.
The users are deliberately forced to cross paths, during their daily lives ( which most of them wouldn't
encounter normally), bringing back the true multiculturalism which is part of the Valley.
CONCEPT 1 - COMMUNITY FARM
I began looking at different innovative technologies which could be in-cooperated into the building. Instead of using conventional wind turbines, I briefly looked at
designing the turbine as the central column of the building. This limited the form of the building, which I tried to break on the following ....
Air is drawn through the
centre of the building and
circulated through vents on
each level, creating a fairly
controlled climate, reducing
the need to air condition
Layers of Community
Ground Floor of
THE BUILDING WILL BE COATED IN THIN FILM PHOTO VOLTAIC
WINDOWS. THE FILM ACTS AS
INSULATION AS WELL AS GENERATE ELECTRICITY.
THE MAIN CONCEPT OF THE BUILDING IS THE LIGHT / VENTILATION
SHAFT WHICH RUNS THROUGH THE CENTRE OF THE BUILDING. THE
SHAFT DRAWS FRESH AIR IN FROM THE TOP OF THE BUILDING, PAST
THE WIND TURBINE AND DUCTS IT THROUGH SOME LOUVRED
VENTS TO THE BODY OF THE BUILDING FROM TOP TO BOTTOM.
DUE TO WIND PRESSURES ON THE WINDWARD SIDE, A POCKET OF
LOW PRESSURE EXISTS ON THE LEEWARD SIDE DRAWING AIR OUT
OF THE BUILDING. THIS EFFECTIVELY MAKES THE ENTIRE BUILDING
AS A WIND TURBINE.
CONCEPT 1 - ORTHOGONAL
From what I saw from all the other presentations, I should have spent more time on mapping and site analysis. Not
sure if my presentation showed either on these.
Not sure how I misinterpreted what was expected for the presentation. I produced a very generic view of looking at the
Global & National Issues which could affect the site. I didn’t know that it meant ‘Precedents”.
I produced a concept model and orthogonal drawings where no body did. It’s hard to understand what is expected. I
hope I wouldn’t go too bad in the results, but I have the feeling that i will.
Now I look back at my concept, I need to alter the form of the concept, by studying how people of different ages would
move within the building. I need to put my inspirations into the design and develop it with a deeper study of what
some of the area will be used for.
I feel like I’m working backwards from my initial ideas, and losing inspiration of what I’m trying to represent.
UNDERSTANDING TRAFFIC & HUMAN TRAFFIC FLOW AROUND THE SITE
UNDERSTANDING TRAFFIC & HUMAN TRAFFIC FLOW AROUND THE SITE
Aerial Photo of 180 Wickham St & its surroundings. I wanted to
get a better understanding of how people travel through the
streets. What can I do with the Open Train Tacks. Brisbane City
Council has proposed a railway capping plaza. What if it‟s an pub-
lic Urban Farm/Green Space??
Is there any need to have more retail space, which makes up the
majority of small retail outlets on Wickham, Brunswick and Ann St.
Looking at the aerial photo, made me realise the lack of green
space in the heart of the Valley.
HOW WILL THE BUILDING LINK TO WICKHAM & ANN?
The importance of Urban Public Space and Urban Farms:
URBAN PUBLIC SPACE is the most visible and identifiable aspect of the economic health, cultural vibrancy and public life of an
It is also a space where people from different cultural and social - economic backgrounds can interact. People respond different
to the qualities of the place according to their personality, stage in life, gender, socio-economic status and cultural backgrounds.
URBAN FARMS are an important part of the community. It is a place where people can gather and socialise and learn the ways
of agriculture and a place for us to connect with the Environment.
The following pages are some recent projects fro the USA, where the city has made enormous attempts tp bring nature into our
lives. They have inspired me into cooperating an urban garden/ farm within my design...
A temporary Public Farm by „WORK‟, a NY based
Architecture Office. This Public Farm “Challenges
the Concept of our Modern Society: the idea of the
Separation of Agriculture & Urbanism”.
This farm is to try and reconnect our Urban Life-
style to food production as a more “POST MOD-
ERN” farming concept.
The structure is made up of
large cardboard tubes...
TEMPORARY PUBLIC FARM
NY HIGH LINE
Located in NY from Gansevoort Street to 20th Street.
It was once the old train track left in disrepair. It has
Proposals were made by hundreds of designers in re-
sponse to t he gov. Wanting to demolish the historical
structure. When I study the Wickham St
site, Ranwell St represents as
one of the derelict and forgot-
ten part of the Valley. I have to
look deeper than the site itself.
The surroundings is just as im-
portant to help rejuvenate the
Valley back to it‟s Old Days
INSPIRATION TO MY DESIGN. THE PUBLIC IS PROHIBITED FROM USING THE GAR-
DENS. I WOULD LIKE TO CREATE A PUBLIC OUTDOOR AREA THAT IS USED AS
AN URBAN FARM MANAGED BY THE RESIDENT OF THE BUILDING
Human take the shortest path possible to get their destination.
What I want to create is an ‘IDENITFIBLE” path for which they can go through & have
a reason to go through.
I feel there is a need to remove dead zones within close distance to the site. A build-
ing cannot be used properly if we don’t connect with the surrounding
IDENTIFING ZONES ON THE SITE...
Looking at the Site from Ranwell St. There are many distinguished qualities, which I
would like to include into the design of the building:
The Graffiti on the wall, which highlights the derelict side of the site
The tarnished brick walls from neighbouring buildings adds a aged quality to
CONCEPT 2 - IDENTIFING FLOW THROUGH THE BUILDING BY PEDESTRAINS AND RESIDENTS
By building the models, I realised the Ground Floor Foyer Area wasn’t going to be
too low to be an effective Public Open Space. It also created a large shadowed area,
where I’m sure defeats the purpose of a large open area.
I really liked the curve of the building, but when I started modelling and trying to
work out the residential units, there were many odd spaces which couldn’t be used
for any particular purpose.
EXERCISE 1 : MASSING MODELS...
I was trying to show the a semi public space. A person could be standing within the
space and be partly seen from the outside. It also creates some really interesting
shadows when light is shined through the wall.
I tried to break up the building into the allo-
Yellow & Orange = Residential
Green = Balconies & vertical Gardens
Blue = Circulation
Red = Public space
The model didn’t really show how the building
is broken down. In hind sight I needed to physi-
cally break the area and show how they link to
CONCEPT 3 - IDENTIFING FLOW THROUGH THE BUILDING BY PEDESTRAINS AND RESIDENTS
From Concept 2, I wanted to explore more of the site and see the potentials of developing the ‘dead zones’ (Page 23).
How can I connect Gipps St and Wickham St with the circulation space and how will i be able to create these spaces to attract
people into the building?
I decided to cap the railway and create a Public Urban Space which is linked directly to the Public Open Space which links on
to the entry of both streets.
EXEMPLARS.... NATURAL LIGHT ZAHA HADID
ZAHA HADID’S MAXXI MUSUEM LOCATED IN ROME WAS A GREAT INSPIRATION. THERE ARE THREE MAIN GALLERY SPACES ON DIFFERENT LEV-
ELS OF THE BUILDING. ALTHOUGH THESE SPACES ARE IN DIFFERENT LEVELS, ARE LINKED BY CIRCULATION SPACES AND WINDING STAIRS
WHICH CREATES SOME BEAUTIFUL SPACES. THE BUILDING ALSO RELAYS ON NATURAL LIGHTING FROM INNOVATIVE CONCRETE FINNED ROOF
STRUCTURE SUPPORTING A WALKABLE ROOF.
IT HAS INSPIRED ME TO USE AS MUCH NATURAL LIGHT THROUGH MY BUILDING.
EXEMPLARS.... MATERIAL FINISH TADAO ANDO
The Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art designed by Ando has
many elegantly finished concrete details which creates a very
simple canvas. The simplicity of the material accentuates the
natural lighting created by translucent skylights.
Chichu Art Museum is constructed with similar materials. Ando’s
intricate detailing with concrete, by cutting long slim openings
into a blank facade, creates unique special qualities between
light / dark, day /
night, private / public,
and opened / closed.
EXERCISE 2 : PHYSICAL VIGNETTE/SPATIAL CONDITIONS...
Model above: it is an investigation of the different qualities of light created by a translucent and transparent material
within a close area.
Model below: Investigation of the shadows casted by the walkway portals. I should have tried to build this model to link
with the other models, to try and get a feel of how they relate to each other.
EXERCISE 2 : PHYSICAL VIGNETTE/SPATIAL CONDITIONS...
This is a representation of the connections between closed / opened at the Entry to Gipps Street and Wickham Street. When a pedestrian walks by, they may feel intrigue by the
simplicity of the structure and get lead into the covered space inside. The plants that would eventually grow on the mesh structural will provide some acoustic insulation to the
passing traffic, creating a surreal quality to the space.
EXERCISE 3 : DETAIL MODEL...
The Detail Model I made was to emphasis the qualities of concrete. I used an air dried clay which
was easily rolled out to a 5mm thick layer. Using clay tools, I scored the surface of the clay to
create a brick surface and pressed small bits of pine tree to create a tree pattern.
SKETCHES ON EXTERNAL & INTERNAL QUALITIES OF BUILDING
PERSPECTIVE OF DENTRAL STAIRS
WITHIN THE BUILDING
EXTERNAL VIEW OF THE ENTRY TO
SECTION OF THE BUILDING & THE
ATRIUM SPACE BETWEEN OFFICE
SPACE EXISTING WALL
THE TRELLIS LOCATED AT THE
A QUICK SKETCH OF THE GIPPS ST
ELEVATION AND HOW THE RAILWAY
RELATES TO THE BUILDING
SKETCH OF THE RAIL CAPPING,
AND HOW IT SHOULD BE CON-
NECTED WITH THE BUILDING
SKETCHES OF SITE PLANS....
SKETCH OF SITE PLAN WITH TWO
RESIDENTIAL TOWERS. TRYING TO
WORK OUT HOW TO CONNECT THE
RESIDNETIAL TOWER TYPOLOGY
WITH TRELLIS ON THE OUTSIDE
INITIAL SKETCHES OF THE SITE
PLAN WITH CENTRAL CIRCULATION
STAIRWELL AND SERVICES ON THE
ENDS OF BUILDING
RESIDENTIAL TOWERS WITH
BRIDGES CONNECTING EACH
TOWER, CROSSING OVER LARGE
OPEN PUBLIC SPACES. I BEGAN DE-
SIGNING ON CAD, BUT QUICKLY RE-
ALISED THE RESIDENTIAL UNITS
WILLBE VERY SMALL...
SKETCHES OF SITE PLANS....
FLOOR PLATE WITH WALKWAY ON
THE PERIMETER OF THE BUILDING...
LAYOUT SIMILAR TO THE FINAL DE-
SIGN. Red = AGRICULTURAL LEARN-
ING AREAS, PINK = RESIDENTIAL,
GREEN = CIRCULATION
SKETCH OF WALKWAY ON LEVEL 1
TECHNOLOGIES USED IN THE BUILDING...
Information on the Roof Garden
Underground Modular Stormwater Detention Storage
Once the site is excavated , a layer of geotextile is laid into the area,
then the modular plastic matrix tanks are stacked to desired size as
shown in photo. It is a simple and effective way to store water in
basements, under driveways or under landscape.
Example of a Stormwater Detention System
TECHNOLOGIES USED IN THE BUILDING...
Growing the plants from a modular container
that is irrigated from the Stormwater Storage
Tanks. There are a few options to the type of
trellis to use. There is the plastic modular sys-
tem, or the metal trellis as of above.
PLANTS TO GROW:
For different seasons there are different types of plants
that will grow well in the temperate weather of Brisbane.
The following is a list of Climbing Plants to be grown on
Scarlet Runner (7yr beans) - Cool to cold climate
Purple King - All year round
Snake Beans (Summer)
Rattle Snake Bean (Summer)
Bean Rice (Summer & Spring)
Scarlet Emperor (Summer & Spring)
Kentucky Wonder (Summer & Spring)
Aronia Melanoarpa (Black Chokeberry) bears Black
Passiflora Cinnabarina (Red Passionflower)
Passiflora Herbertiana (Native Passionfruit)
Actinidia Kolomikta (Chinese Gooseberries)
Ampelopsis Brevipedunculata Elegans (Vitaceae)
bears Blue berries
Billardiera Scandens (Apple Berry)
Cissus Antartica (Kangaroo Grape)
Eustrephus Latifolius (Wombat Berry)
There were a few feedback issues that I would like to address in the Journal. Overall my presentation wasn’t clear on
the general layout of the building. I didn’t produce enough construction details on the drawing, meaningly because I
had changed my mind too many times and ran out of time to show details on the drawings.
It would have been nice to see how it would have been like to be inside the building, as many of my models showed
the qualities, but in the presentation they were missing.
The next few pages are sketch renders of some of the spaces within the building that I had paid a lot of attention to.
There are the Entrances at Wickham and Gipps St; the walkways that gives access to the trellis on all the levels; Un-
der Covered Courtyard Area; Public Open Space; Roof Gardens and Semi private balconies on each of the residential
units. Hopefully they give a feeling of what it is like to be in those spaces...
Undercover Outdoor Area. Plants growing on trellis.
Entrance from Wickham Street.
Entrance from Wickham Street looking at stairwell. Ground Floor Shops, Mezza-
nine Floor and Level 1 Floor
Standing next to the shops facing the Front atrium space near the Entrance to
Standing in the atrium looking at the Trellis and Under Cover Courtyard Standing on Mezzanine Level Walkway, looking back at the Offices and Class-
On the Roof garden, looking at the Atrium Space at the Entrance to Wickham
Level 1 Classrooms, joined onto the walkway to the trellis.
Standing on Level 1 Walkway with Classroom on the left and trellis on the right,
looking down at the Outdoor Covered Area
Inside on of the Classrooms, looking out to the trellis and Covered Outdoor
Standing in the Public Open Space, looking at he Covered Outdoor Space and
the Central Staircase
On the top of the trellis system on the Roof Garden Level
Standing on Level 1 Walkway looking at the atrium Space Roof Garden with trellis System on the left.
Entrance from Gipps StreetLooking up the Central Staircase
Standing at the Public Open space, looking at the Covered Outdoor Court-
Standing at he Public Urban Space, looking into the Cafe Area
Detail of one of the semi private balconiesDetail of one of the semi private balconies
Standing at the entry to one of the apartments, looking at one of the semi
The Cafe Area on the Mezzanine Level
WHAT IS A RESILIENT CITY??
It is the capacity for a city to change through built infrastructure , social functioning and material flows and still main-
tain similar structure, functions and identity is what makes a resilient city.
Our society is constantly going through social, economic and political changes. From this project, I want to explore
and try and create a place where people from all walks of life can interact with each other and a place where people
can learn about Sustainable agriculture.
I believe there is a genuine need for a social change. There is a disconnection of cultures within our society created
by population growth and urban sprawl, and one of the main problems is our genuine lack of knowledge of how our
food is produced.
My Proposal is to create a Urban Public Space where people from different cultural and social-economic backgrounds
I have created a Urban Public Space by capping the railway line. This is directly linked to the main building, which is
an Agricultural Learning Centre, where people of all ages and backgrounds can learn the process of food production
through permaculture and help reinstate some of the traditional values and knowledge the older generation once had.