1 Stomach


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  • I am very interested in the anatomy of the stomach, as a patient. Thanks for posting this slide show! Am grateful to see the vagus nerve, the shape of the stomach, and the position of the diaphragm and other organs. Esophagus is missing, though.
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1 Stomach

  1. 1. STOMACH ANATOMY<br />By<br />Dr Mohammed Faez<br />IMS<br />
  2. 2. The stomach<br />The stomach is a dilated part of the alimentary canal between the esophagus and the small intestine.<br />It is a muscular sac. <br />It is a J-shaped.<br />
  3. 3. The stomach<br />It occupies the left upper quadrant, epigastric, and umbilical regions, and much of it lies under cover of the ribs.<br />Stomach located at level of T10 and L3 vertebral.<br />Position of the stomach varies with body habitués. <br />
  4. 4. The stomach<br />The stomach is divided into four regions: <br />The cardia, which surrounds the opening of the esophagus into the stomach.<br />The fundus of stomach, which is the area above the level of the cardial orifice.<br />The body of stomach, which is the largest region of the stomach.<br />The pyloric part, which is divided into the pyloric antrum and pyloric canal and is the distal end of the stomach.<br />
  5. 5. The Stomach<br />
  6. 6. The stomach<br />Surfaces<br /><ul><li>Antero-superior Surface
  7. 7. Postero-inferior Surface</li></li></ul><li>The stomach<br />Openings:<br />Gastroesophageal: To esophagus<br />Pyloric: To duodenum<br />
  8. 8. The stomach<br />Sphincters<br /><ul><li>The cardiac sphincter (lower esophagus sphincter)closes off the top end of the stomach.
  9. 9. The pyloric sphincter closes off the bottom.</li></li></ul><li>The stomach<br />Other features of the stomach include:<br />The greater curvature, which is a point of attachment for the gastrosplenic ligament and the greater omentum<br />The lesser curvature, which is a point of attachment for the lesser omentum.<br />
  10. 10. The stomach<br />the cardial notch, which is the superior angle created when the esophagus enters the stomach. <br />the angular notch, which is a bend on the lesser curvature.<br />
  11. 11. The stomach<br />Read about:<br />Lesser omentum<br />Greater omentum<br /><ul><li>Layers of peritoneum attached to the stomach:
  12. 12. Lesser omentum: attaches the liver to the lesser curvature.
  13. 13. Greater omentum: attaches the greater curvature to the posterior body wall.</li></li></ul><li>The stomach<br />
  14. 14. Stomach Anatomical Relation<br />Antero-superior Surface<br />The left half of this surface is in contact with the diaphragm, which separates it from the base of the left lung, the pericardium, and the seventh, eighth, and ninth ribs, and intercostal spaces of the left side. <br />The right half is in relation with the left and quadrate lobes of the liver and with the anterior abdominal wall. <br />
  15. 15. Stomach Anatomical Relation<br />The Postero-inferior Surface is in relation with the diaphragm, the spleen, the left suprarenal gland, the upper part of the front of the left kidney, the anterior surface of the pancreas, the left colic flexure, and the upper layer of the transverse mesocolon.<br />These structures form a shallow bed, the stomach bed, on which the viscus rests.<br />
  16. 16. Stomach Anatomical Relation<br />
  17. 17. Stomach Anatomical Relation<br />
  18. 18. Stomach Blood Supply <br />Arterial blood supply:<br />3 Branches<br />Left Gastric Artery<br />Supplies the cardia of the stomach and distal esophagus<br />Splenic Artery<br />Gives rise to 2 branches which help supply the greater curvature of the stomach <br />Left Gastroepiploic<br />Short Gastric Arteries<br />Common Hepatic or Proper Hepatic Artery<br />2 major branches<br />Right Gastric- supples a portion of the lesser curvature<br />Gastroduodenal artery<br /> -Gives rise to Right Gastroepiploic artery<br /> -helps supply greater curvature in conjunction with Left Gastroepiploic Artery <br />
  19. 19. Stomach Blood Supply <br />
  20. 20. Stomach Blood Supply <br />
  21. 21. Stomach Venous Drainage<br />Venous Drainage<br />Parallels arterial supply<br />Rt &Lt gastric veins drain to the portal<br />Rtgastroepiploic drains to the SMV <br />Lt gastroepiploic drains to the splenic<br />
  22. 22. Stomach Venous Drainage<br />
  23. 23. Stomach Lymphatic Drainage<br />Lymph from the proximal portion of the stomach drains along the lesser curvature first drains into superior gastric lymph nodes surrounding the Left Gastric Artery.<br />Distal portion of lesser curvature drains through the suprapyloric nodes.<br />
  24. 24. Stomach Lymphatic Drainage<br />Proximal portion of the greater curvature is supplied by the lymphatic vessels that traverse the pancreaticosplenic nodes.<br />Antral portion of the greater curvature drains into the subpyloric and omental nodal groups.<br />
  25. 25. Stomach Lymphatic Drainage<br />
  26. 26. Stomach Innervations<br />The main innervations are Left and Right Vagus Nerves.<br />
  27. 27. Stomach Innervations<br />Parasympathetic innervation of Stomach- Vagus Nerve<br />90% of fiber in vagal trunk is afferent (info transmitting from stomach to CNS)<br />Sympathetic innervation of Stomach- Splanchnic Nerve<br />Derived from spinal segement T5-T10<br />
  28. 28. Stomach Innervations<br />
  29. 29. Stomach Innervations<br />