Romanesque

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A brief introduction to Romanesque art for CLIL students

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Romanesque

  1. 1. Romanesque art
  2. 2. Romanesque artRomanesque is an artistic style (that is, a certainway to construct buildings, to sculpt and to paintthat is accepted by artists during a certain periodof time)When did it develop? In the middle ages, between th ththe 11 and 13 centuries.Where? In Europe (basically Western and CentralEurope)
  3. 3. Most important Romanesque buildings - Churches - Monasteries - Castles
  4. 4. Main characteristics of Romanesque Arquitecture (1) Buildings look solid because walls had to be thick to bear the weight of the vault. As a consequence, buildings have few windows, and interiors are dark.
  5. 5. Main characteristics of Romanesque architecture. Plans (2) Latin cross plans, like in Santiago de Compostela cathedral...
  6. 6. Main characteristics of Romanesque architecture (3) …or basilical plans, which are much more simple. They were used for small churches.
  7. 7. Main characteristics of Romanesque architecture (4) Barrel vaults and round arches were generally used.
  8. 8. Main characteristics of Romanesque architecture (5) And also groin vaults, which were the result of the crossing of two barrel vaults.
  9. 9. Groin vault
  10. 10. Main characteristics of Romanesque arquitecture (6) Buttresses were used outside to sustain the walls. buttress
  11. 11. Main characteristics of Romanesque architecture (7) Use of semicircular apses.
  12. 12. A few famous Romanesque buildings
  13. 13. Sainte Madeleine at Vezelay (France)
  14. 14. San Clemente de Taull (Spain)
  15. 15. San Lorenzo de Sahagún (Spain)
  16. 16. Monastery of Santa María de Ripoll (Spain)
  17. 17. Santiago de Compostela
  18. 18. Castle at Loarre (Huesca)
  19. 19. Pisa cathedral and tower
  20. 20. Ják (Hungary)
  21. 21. Santiago de Compostela cathedral plan
  22. 22. Romanesque sculpture
  23. 23. ReliefsReliefs are attached to buildings. Thistype (Christ Pantocrator) was common atthe facades.
  24. 24. Capitals
  25. 25. Individual statues were also made. Thesetwo types (Mary and child, and Christ in the cross) were frequent.
  26. 26. Ják (Hungary). Facade
  27. 27. Romanesque sculpture: characteristics- Statues are mainly religious.- Monsters and fantastic creatures were also sculpted.They represent sin.- Free-standing sculptures frequently represented Christin the cross and Mary with baby Jesus.- Artists wanted to express eternity. Thus, characterswere unexpressive.- People were mainly illiterate, so sculptures helpedchristians to understand the Bible and Gods spell.
  28. 28. Romanesque paintings - Fresco paintings on the walls were frequent. Canvasses were not used. - Paintings were used for decorating vaults and altars. - Artists did not know how to represent figures in three dimensions. Figures look flat. - Paintings also helped people to understand the Bible.
  29. 29. Books were also beautifully decorated

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