Romanesque artRomanesque is an artistic style (that is, a certainway to construct buildings, to sculpt and to paintthat is accepted by artists during a certain periodof time)When did it develop? In the middle ages, between th ththe 11 and 13 centuries.Where? In Europe (basically Western and CentralEurope)
Most important Romanesque buildings - Churches - Monasteries - Castles
Main characteristics of Romanesque Arquitecture (1) Buildings look solid because walls had to be thick to bear the weight of the vault. As a consequence, buildings have few windows, and interiors are dark.
Main characteristics of Romanesque architecture. Plans (2) Latin cross plans, like in Santiago de Compostela cathedral...
Main characteristics of Romanesque architecture (3) …or basilical plans, which are much more simple. They were used for small churches.
Main characteristics of Romanesque architecture (4) Barrel vaults and round arches were generally used.
Main characteristics of Romanesque architecture (5) And also groin vaults, which were the result of the crossing of two barrel vaults.
Romanesque sculpture: characteristics- Statues are mainly religious.- Monsters and fantastic creatures were also sculpted.They represent sin.- Free-standing sculptures frequently represented Christin the cross and Mary with baby Jesus.- Artists wanted to express eternity. Thus, characterswere unexpressive.- People were mainly illiterate, so sculptures helpedchristians to understand the Bible and Gods spell.
Romanesque paintings - Fresco paintings on the walls were frequent. Canvasses were not used. - Paintings were used for decorating vaults and altars. - Artists did not know how to represent figures in three dimensions. Figures look flat. - Paintings also helped people to understand the Bible.