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Teaching Grammar Through Technology

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Good grammar is a vital skill for advanced language proficiency: Knowing how words work and how they fit together is critical for putting foreign words to proper use. The need to learn grammar is always going to be part of language learning, and should not be neglected. Even when using an approach that emphasizes the acquisition of vocabulary, ways can and should be found to incorporate grammar into the learning process. The right strategies and technologies can overcome any objections about possible boredom or difficulty by making grammar learning appealing, efficient, and effective. This webinar explains the methodology of Lexical Functional Grammar and demonstrate how to integrate it into lesson planning.

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Teaching Grammar Through Technology

  1. 1. Transparent Language Education Webinar Series Teaching Grammar Through Technology #TLedwebinars
  2. 2. Agenda • What is grammar, exactly? • What is the purpose of learning grammar? • Approaches to teaching grammar • Elements for an effective grammar lesson • Strategies for teaching grammar with technology • Lesson plan example • Q&A #TLedwebinars
  3. 3. Image by Julie Remizova on Flickr.com What is grammar, exactly? #TLedwebinars
  4. 4. What is grammar, exactly? #TLedwebinars • Phonology—organization of sounds • Morphology—structure and form of words • Syntax—arrangement of words into larger units • Semantics—meanings of language • Pragmatics—functions of language & its use in context
  5. 5. What is the purpose of learning grammar? #TLedwebinars
  6. 6. What is the purpose of learning grammar? • Communicate more clearly • Form more complex, compelling sentences • Identify patterns • Improve writing skills • Explore the logic of a language (It can be fun!) #TLedwebinars
  7. 7. Approaches to Teaching Grammar #TLedwebinars
  8. 8. Deductive vs. Inductive Approaches #TLedwebinars Then provide specific examples to reinforce. Overtly explain the rule first. Then ask students to infer or deduce the rule. Provide specific examples first. Deductive Approach Inductive Approach
  9. 9. Deductive Approach Pros • Gets to the point quickly • Saves time for more examples Cons • Teaches grammar in an isolated way • Can feel mechanical and/or boring Deductive vs. Inductive Approaches #TLedwebinars
  10. 10. Inductive Approach Pros • Self-discovered rules are more memorable • Involves more student interaction • Encourages independent learning Cons • Time consuming • Students may incorrectly deduce rules, leading to confusion/frustration Deductive vs. Inductive Approaches #TLedwebinars
  11. 11. Elements for an Effective Grammar Lesson #TLedwebinars
  12. 12. Elements for an Effective Grammar Lesson • Input Activities -Help students internalize the rule • Conscious-Raising Tasks -Give students time to practice and engage with the rule • Output -Require students to demonstrate understanding • Feedback #TLedwebinars
  13. 13. Strategies for Teaching Grammar with Technology #TLedwebinars
  14. 14. Ask yourself: What does technology do better? What can technology achieve that other resources cannot? #TLedwebinars
  15. 15. Teaching Grammar: Reading & Writing • Blogs • iBook Author • Wiki • Google Docs #TLedwebinars
  16. 16. Blog Example Reading/Writing Read: Blog "Carnavales en Perú" Answer: Comprehension questions (Google Docs) Create: Mind map of key ideas in Spanish Compare/Contrast: Twitter tweets on festival
  17. 17. #TLedwebinars Teaching Grammar: Listening & Speaking Audio Recording • Audacity • Sound Cloud Audio Blogs • Ipadio • Voice Thread
  18. 18. Blog Example Listening/Speaking Image by Wesley Fryer via Flickr Task: Story about a young girl Student 1: Describes her physically Student 2: Describes her personality Student 3: Explains her daily routine Student 4: Narrates her past Student 5: Predicts her future
  19. 19. Transparent Language Lesson Plan #TLedwebinars
  20. 20. Lesson Plan Example Grammar Lesson: Past Tense (ESL) Skills: Reading, Writing Approach: Inductive Input Consious- Raising Task Output Feedback Text Inductive: Identify grammar patterns in the highlight step. • Questions • Every Voice • Dictation • Typing answers Assessments Voice Thread #TLedwebinars
  21. 21. Input "Upon arriving at the Palace Bourbon, a Saturday at the beginning of January of 1998, some provincial college students on an educational trip to Paris were intrigued by the deployment of a huge canvas. This canvas was installed by some climbers on the facade of the French chamber of deputies building. It measured 150 m2 and was part of the headlines of the paper “L’aurore” on January 13, 1898. This article was an opened letter to the president of the republic sign by Émile Zola. Even though the students knew the author, they were not necessarily aware of the circumstances of the publication of this article or its consequences. The President of the National Assembly office, the Socialist Laurent Fabius, received them and explained the reasons for this commemoration." #TLedwebinars J'accuse via Bonjour de France
  22. 22. Conscious-Raising Task Lesson Authoring #TLedwebinars
  23. 23. #TLedwebinars Output • Comprehension Questions • Every Voice • Dictation • Typing answers in target language • Assessments
  24. 24. Feedback Students doing a Voicethread Image by crol373 on Flickr.com #TLedwebinars
  25. 25. #TLedwebinars Upcoming Education Webinars Looking for more expert advice on teaching languages effectively with technology? Check out our upcoming webinars.

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Good grammar is a vital skill for advanced language proficiency: Knowing how words work and how they fit together is critical for putting foreign words to proper use. The need to learn grammar is always going to be part of language learning, and should not be neglected. Even when using an approach that emphasizes the acquisition of vocabulary, ways can and should be found to incorporate grammar into the learning process. The right strategies and technologies can overcome any objections about possible boredom or difficulty by making grammar learning appealing, efficient, and effective. This webinar explains the methodology of Lexical Functional Grammar and demonstrate how to integrate it into lesson planning.

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