Anna Mapeth Obordo Evangelista
What is Inductive Method
The opposite of direct method and deductive
method is the indirect method. This is also called
The inquiry method or problem solving method
and project method fall under indirect, guided
and exploratory approach to instruction. They
begin with questions, problems and details and
end up with answers, generalization,
conclusions. Therefore, they will fall under the
inductive method of teaching, the opposite of
the deductive method.
In the inductive method, instead of the
teachers giving the rule in adding similar
fractions at the outset, she/he will give them
at least five examples of added similar
fractions at one time. Ask the pupils to study
the examples then ask them to explain hoe
she/he arrived at the sums. From there,
she/he will ask the pupils to state the rule in
What are the steps of
(a) Presentation of Examples
In this step teacher presents many examples of
same type and solutions of those specific examples
are obtained with the help of the student.
After getting the solution, the students observe these
and try to reach to some conclusion.
After observation the examples presented, the
teacher and children decide some common
formulae, principle or law by logical mutual
(d) Testing and verification
After deciding some common formula,
principle or law, children test and verify the
law with the help of other examples. In this
way children logically attain the knowledge
of inductive method by following above given
Advantages of Inductive
The learners are more engaged in the teaching-learning
process. With our facilitating skills, the
learners formulate the generalization or rule.
Learning becomes more interesting at the outset
because we begin with the experiences of our
students. We begin with what they know.
It helps the development of our learners’ higher-order-
thinking-skills (HOTS). To see patterns and
analyze the same in order to arrive at
.generalization requires analytical thinking.
Disadvantages of Inductive
It requires more time and so less subject
matter will be covered. We need much time
to lead our students to the formulation of
It demands expert facilitating skills on the
part of the teacher. We’ve got to ask the right
questions, organize answers and lead the
learners to the generalizations or conclusion.