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Hyperloop

Tells about need of hyper loop, it's history, it's concept , components, working, advantages, problems & future role in transportation

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HYPERLOOP
Presented by:-
Siddhartha ghosh
Vtu6431
Mechanical
3rd year
CONTENTS:-
• Introduction to Hyperloop
• History
• The concept
• Components
• Advantages
• Problems
• Conclusion
WHAT IS HYPERLOOP?
• It is the new form of transportation between long distances.
• Hyperloop consists of a low pressure tube with capsules that are
transported at both low and high speed throughout the length of the
tube .
• It is a high speed train transporting at a speed of 800mph which is twice
as the speed of a commercial plane.
FOUNDER
ELON MUSK
He is also the creator of PayPal, SpaceX
as well as the CEO & CTO of TESLA
MOTORS
This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND
This Photo by Unknown Author is
licensed under CC BY-SA
Hyperloop
HISTORY
• Due to high traffic US Government proposed a high speed train between San
Francisco to Los Angeles
• In past Robert Goddard proposed using vacuum as a medium of transport
thereby attain great speed without high friction losses but there’s a lot of
possibility of leak. And when there is a leak it will lead to the whole system
failure.
• Elon Musk thought of overcoming it by maintaining low pressure rather than
vacuum & using electromagnetic suspension.

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Hyperloop

  • 2. CONTENTS:- • Introduction to Hyperloop • History • The concept • Components • Advantages • Problems • Conclusion
  • 3. WHAT IS HYPERLOOP? • It is the new form of transportation between long distances. • Hyperloop consists of a low pressure tube with capsules that are transported at both low and high speed throughout the length of the tube . • It is a high speed train transporting at a speed of 800mph which is twice as the speed of a commercial plane.
  • 4. FOUNDER ELON MUSK He is also the creator of PayPal, SpaceX as well as the CEO & CTO of TESLA MOTORS This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA
  • 6. HISTORY • Due to high traffic US Government proposed a high speed train between San Francisco to Los Angeles • In past Robert Goddard proposed using vacuum as a medium of transport thereby attain great speed without high friction losses but there’s a lot of possibility of leak. And when there is a leak it will lead to the whole system failure. • Elon Musk thought of overcoming it by maintaining low pressure rather than vacuum & using electromagnetic suspension.
  • 10. COMPONENTS OF HYPERLOOP • CAPSULE • TUBE • PROPULSION • SUSPENSION • AIR BEARING SUSPENSION
  • 12. CAPSULE • It consists of a compressor fan, compressor motor , sound bulkhead, sitting place ,a battery. • The maximum width is 4.43 ft. (1.35 m) and maximum height is 6.11 ft. (1.86 m). With rounded corners it is equivalent to a 15 ft2 (4.57 m2 ) frontal area , not including any propulsion or suspension components.
  • 13. TUBE • The tube is made of steel. The two tube will be welded together in a side by side configuration to allow the capsules to travel in both directions. • Pylons are placed every 100 ft. (30 m) to support the tube. Solar arrays will be cover the top of the tubes in order to provide power to the system. • The inner diameter of the tube is optimised to be 2.23 m which is small enough to keep material cost low while large enough to provide some elevation of choked air flow around the capsule. • The tube cross section arear is 42.2 ft2 giving a capsule/tube area ratio of 36% or a diameter ratio of 60%.
  • 14. PROPULSION • Linear accelerators are constructed along the length of the tube at various locations in order to accelerate the capsule • Stators are located on the capsules via linear accelerators. • On the other hand , the compressed air is sent to the back of the capsule to get more speed and propulsion.
  • 15. SUSPENSION • Suspending the capsule within the tube presents a substantial technical challenge due to transonic velocities. • Conventional wheel and axle system become impractical at high speed due to friction losses and dynamic instability. • A viable technical solution is “ Magnetic Levitation ” and another one is “ Air Bearing suspension ”.
  • 16. AIR BEARING SUSPENSION • Air bearings offer stability & extremely low drag at feasible cost by exploiting the ambient atmosphere in tube. • When the gap is high between a ski and the tube walls reduced the flow fields in the gap exhibits non linear reaction resulting in large restoring pressure. • The increased pressure pushes the ski away from the wall allowing it to return at basic height.
  • 18. ADVANTAGES • Fast (air) • Environment friendly( rail , cars ) • Inexpensive ( air ) • Sustainable ( solar energy ) • Runs through the median of existing high way • Ready when the passenger is ready to travel
  • 19. PROBLEMS • Tube pressurization • Turning will be critical with large radius • Less movable space for passenger • High speed problems like low blood pressure , vomiting. • If any disaster happens , then it will be difficult for the passengers to get out. • Safety compromised
  • 20. CONCLUSION • As it has number of advantages , it will be very helpful in transporting public as well goods in a very short time ( at top speed of 1220kmph ) and also in low cost. • It is a new concept so there will be some future work required for the development of this project.