Sec 4 e writing tips

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Sec 4 e writing tips

  1. 1. Writing TipsSecondary 4-MELS Preparation
  2. 2. Structure and OrganizationIntroductions: The bestway to make yourintroduction captivating isby adding descriptionand detail. You also wantto make sure that it leadsin to your opinionstatement and isn’t tooabrupt.Good Example:“How would a class of shystudents react to a rule bending,page ripping, passion filled newteacher? In the Dead Poet’sSociety, they would findinspiration. When Mr. JohnKeating arrives at WeltonAcademy, he teaches more thanjust English, he teaches hisstudents to enjoy poetry andpursue their dreams, thusmaking him an excellent teacher.
  3. 3. Structure and OrganizationIntroductions: The bestway to make yourintroduction captivating isby adding descriptionand detail. You also wantto make sure that it leadsin to your opinionstatement and isn’t tooabrupt.Bad Example:“In the movie Dead Poet’sSociety, Mr. John Keatingarrives as the new Englishteacher at Welton Academy.However, before the end of theschool year, the principal fireshim. Mr. Keating is a goodteacher considering hisapproach to his students’shyness, anxiety anddisinterestedness.”
  4. 4. Structure and OrganizationOpinion statement:Your opinion statementis the foundation ofyour opinion piece. Itmust be explicit andconcise to adequatelyprepare the reader forwhat is to come.Bad Example:“Mr. John Keatingstands out for hisunique way ofteaching by bringinghis students out oftheir comfort zone andhelping two studentsfind confidence.”
  5. 5. Structure and OrganizationTransition words:Using appropriatetransition wordsincreases thereadability of youropinion piece, thusseamlessly conveyingthe position you aredefending.Transition words toavoid:first, second, third,on the other hand, inthe first place, firstly,secondly etc.
  6. 6. Structure and OrganizationTransition words:Using appropriatetransition wordsincreases thereadability of youropinion piece, thusseamlessly conveyingthe position you aredefending.Better transitionwords to use:moreover,furthermore, inaddition, finally, atlast, besides, also,meanwhile, later etc.*refer to list provided
  7. 7. Stylistic conventionsBroad generalizations:General sentences thathave little meaning takeaway the value from yourwriting and bore thereader.Avoid at all costs:“It is a teacher‟s goalto help their studentslearn and have fun atthe same time.”
  8. 8. Stylistic conventionsBroad generalizations:General sentences thathave little meaning takeaway the value from yourwriting and bore thereader.Avoid at all costs:“It is a teacher‟s goalto help their studentslearn and have fun atthe same time.”
  9. 9. Stylistic conventionsSlang:Informal words that aremore common inspeech than in writingcan also devalue whatyou are trying to say.Frequent examplesof slang: got kid
  10. 10. Stylistic conventionsSpecific vocabulary:Using more precisewords clarifies yourarguments and makesthem easier tounderstand.
  11. 11. Stylistic conventionsQuotation marksThey “devalue”everything you are sayingand are “confusing” forthe reader.Avoid at all costs:“Todd began to „seehimself‟ in a „differentlight‟”-Direct quote fromyour essays!
  12. 12. Stylistic conventionsSlashesChoose one word or theother or use a conjunctionto include both words inyour sentence.Avoid at all costs:“Mr. Keating usedunorthodox/bizarreteaching methods.”Mr. Keating usedunorthodox andbizarre teachingmethods. 
  13. 13. Stylistic conventionsPronoun use:Pay attention to pronounuse. Sometimes the nounyou are trying to replaceis misconstrued.“This beingproven whenhe stood upfor histeacher as hewas leaving”
  14. 14. Stylistic conventionsPronoun use:Use the term “thelatter” (ce dernier inFrench) to avoid anyconfusion.“This beingproven whenhe stood up forhis teacher asthe latter wasleaving”
  15. 15. Spelling and GrammarTransitive verbs:They are verbs that mustbe followed by an object.Ditransitive verbs taketwo objects.http://www.eslwriting.org/wp-content/esl-transitive-verbs.pdfExamples:Transitive: to buyto buy somethingDitransitive: to giveTo give something tosomeone
  16. 16. Spelling and GrammarPossessive form:Indicates possessionand it is notconsidered acontraction.Examples:Mr. Keating’slessons  thelessons belong toMr. Keating
  17. 17. Spelling and GrammarPossessive form:Indicates possessionand it is notconsidered acontraction.Not possessive form!“Neil‟s parent‟s.”“Todd stand‟s up forhimself.”
  18. 18. Spelling and GrammarDefinitely
  19. 19. Spelling and GrammarWhich

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