John Steinbeck is oneof the most influentialauthors of Americanliterature whose workshave earned him manyprestigious literaryawards such as thePulitzer Prize and theNobel Prize forliterature.
A Look at theAuthor• Born February 27th in 1902 in Salinas, California.• During his childhood, Steinbecklearned to appreciate his surroundings,and loved the Salinas countryside. Thisappreciation would later comeout in his writing.• Steinbeck worked during his summers as a hiredhand in nearby ranches.
• At the age of 14 he decided to be a writerand spent a lot of time writing in his room.• From 1919-1925 Steinbeck attended StanfordUniversity to please his parents, but only chosecourses that interested him, classical and BritishLiterature, writing courses, and an odd sciencecourse.• However, Steinbeck did not receive a degree because hewould drop in and out of school, sometimes to work withmigrant workers on California ranches.
During the late 1920s and 1930s, heconcentrated on writing and wrote severalnovels set in California.In 1936, Of Mice and Men was published,and was so widely accepted that Steinbeckbegan a book tour that led him to Europe.
• In 1939, The Grapes of Wrath waspublished and became an instantbest-seller; in 1940 it was awardedthe Pulitzer Prize, one of the mostprestigious literary awards in theworld.• Steinbeck’s experiences in the fieldsresearching migrant workers to writehis two best selling novels led himto have more compassion for theseworkers, and stirred up his concernfor social justice.
Steinbecks real gift was to see people thatthe rest of society chose to overlook.Steinbecks characters are not the rich menand women of Californias boom days, but arethe homeless, the migrant workers, thepoor fishermen, and the farmers. However,each of these people has a deceptively simple,but important story to tell, a story filled withlove and pain. The stories tell us not only ofthe lives of the poor who seek to live off theland, but of the struggles of all people.
Steinbeck also challenged hisreaders to look at the harshrealities of life, with the belief thatfacing such conditions was thefirst step toward improvingthem. Steinbecks strongest beliefwas in the ability of man toimprove his condition.
"The ancient commission of the writerhas not changed," he said uponaccepting his Nobel Prize in 1962. "He ischarged with exposing our many grievousfaults and failures, with dredging up tothe light our dark and dangerous dreamsfor the purpose of improvement." Bygiving voice to voiceless people, JohnSteinbeck lived up to the challenge he setfor himself.
The Pearl is a novella- a literary form that Steinbeckoften employed.A novella is longer than a short story but, isshorter than a novel.A novella generally features fewer conflicts than anovel, yet more complicated ones than a shortstory. The conflicts also have more time to developthan in short stories. They have endings that arelocated at the brink of change.
A parable is a simple story meant toteach a moral or religious lesson.It differs from a fable in that fablesuse animals, plants, inanimateobjects, and forces of nature ascharacters, while parables generallyfeature human characters. It is a
A parable is a short tale that illustratesuniversal truth. It often involves acharacter facing a moral dilemma, ormaking a questionable decision andthen suffering the consequences.Though the meaning of a parable is oftennot explicitly stated, the meaning is notusually intended to be hidden or secretbut, on the contrary, to be quitestraightforward and obvious.
Take out a sheet of paper 1. For every statement in the nextslide, write down “agree” or“disagree” according to yourbeliefs.
1) There are unwritten rules that dictate how people should act.2 )Good luck can bring happiness.3) There are unwritten rules that dictate how successful, powerful,or popular you can become.4) Money can provide happiness.5) We control our own lives.6) Fate, destiny, or another force we cannot control determines ourlives.7) All good things that happen come with a price.8) One single choice can have a huge impact on the outcome ofyour life.9) Success is available to every person.10) We choose our morals.11) Money is power.12) Weapons make people powerful.13) People like to limit other people’s success.
2. Pick three statements that youSTRONGLY feel are true. Put a starby these statements.3. Pick three statements that yourSTRONLY disagree with. Put an X bythese statements.4. Pick ONE statement that you agreewith. Support your answer withexamples from real life and from your