Industrial Revolution


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Industrial Revolution

  1. 1. The Industrial Revolution (W. Europe, U.S., Russia, & Japan) Late 18th century through the 19th century
  2. 2. “No movement in human history did more than the Industrial Revolution to change the way people live. It has provided humanity with great benefits, and at the same time, it has destroyed people with its less fortunate consequences.”
  3. 3. Industrialization started in Great Britain, then spread to other parts of Western Europe, the U.S., Russia, and Japan in the 18th century.  Industrialization led to new patterns of production that changed how goods were made & consumed.
  4. 4. home to factory production
  5. 5. Machines using fossil fuel powered engines were used to increase production (replacing human, animal, and water power).
  6. 6. Factors leading to the rise of industrial production . . .  Abundance of waterways and access to coal, iron, & timber     And other natural resources Improved agricultural production Population increase & urbanization Increased capital & private investment
  7. 7.  Development of the factory system concentrated labor & led to an increasing degree of specialization of labor.
  8. 8. Textile Industry in Britain: where the industrial revolution began.
  9. 9. WHY BRITAIN?  Using pages 830-832, work with your partner to find and write 7 REASONS that the Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain?
  10. 10. RESULTS of Industrialization     changing patterns of labor as workers moved to urban areas Urbanization led to problems in sanitation, crime, and housing Labor organizations gained political power Mining and factory pollution altered the environment
  11. 11.  To meet the need for investments in all levels of industry, financiers developed various financial institutions.
  12. 12. Developments in transportation and communication changed societies and economies during the IR.  Railroads, Steamships  Canal networks  Telegraph
  13. 13. Later industrial revolution developments led to new methods in producing steel, chemicals, electricity & precision machinery.
  14. 14. The Bottom Line  “Industrialized” nations were able to make better stuff faster than anywhere else in the world.  Global trade changed as industrialized economies sought raw materials and new markets for factory goods.
  15. 15. TEST REVIEW       What were the REASONS why industrial revolution began in Europe and in Britain? What fossil fuel was most important? What were the changes in social classes as a result of industrialization? What new classes/professions were formed? Aristocracy Middle Class Working Class
  16. 16. TEST REVIEW  What were WOMEN’s ROLES in new industrialized societies?     What were the differences in RUSSIAN and US Industrialization?    Aristocracy Middle Class Working Class Government control Working class and Labor movement Karl Marx theories
  17. 17. Some Continuities in Industrial regions…     Working classes remained in the lower classes. Nobility retained their position in upper class. Land continued to be a source of wealth and status. Agriculture continued to be an important part of the economy.