The Industrial Revolution
(W. Europe, U.S., Russia, & Japan)
Late 18th century through the
“No movement in human history did more
than the Industrial Revolution to change the
way people live. It has provided humanity
with great benefits, and at the same time, it
has destroyed people with its less fortunate
Industrialization started in Great Britain, then
spread to other parts of Western Europe, the
U.S., Russia, and Japan in the 18th century.
led to new
Machines using fossil fuel powered
engines were used to increase
production (replacing human,
animal, and water power).
Factors leading to the rise of
industrial production . . .
Abundance of waterways and access to
coal, iron, & timber
And other natural resources
Improved agricultural production
Population increase & urbanization
Increased capital & private investment
labor & led to
Textile Industry in Britain: where
the industrial revolution began.
Using pages 830-832, work with your
partner to find and write 7 REASONS
that the Industrial Revolution
began in Great Britain?
RESULTS of Industrialization
changing patterns of labor as workers
moved to urban areas
Urbanization led to problems in sanitation,
crime, and housing
Labor organizations gained political power
Mining and factory pollution altered the
To meet the need
for investments in
all levels of
Developments in transportation and
communication changed societies
and economies during the IR.
Later industrial revolution developments led
to new methods in producing steel,
chemicals, electricity & precision machinery.
The Bottom Line
able to make better stuff faster
than anywhere else in the world.
Global trade changed as
sought raw materials and new
markets for factory goods.
What were the REASONS why industrial
revolution began in Europe and in Britain?
What fossil fuel was most important?
What were the changes in social classes as
a result of industrialization? What new
classes/professions were formed?
What were WOMEN’s ROLES in new
What were the differences in RUSSIAN and
Working class and Labor movement
Karl Marx theories
Some Continuities in
Working classes remained in the lower
Nobility retained their position in upper
Land continued to be a source of wealth
Agriculture continued to be an important
part of the economy.