Russian Revolution & Communist Russia 1917-1950sRussia = Soviet Union = USSR Thanks GSILL
Psycho!“To choose one’s victims, to prepare one’s plan, to quench a strong desire for vengeance, and then to go to bed . . .there is nothing sweeter in the world.” Josef Stalin
USSR ECONOMY Socialism in One Country• According to Stalin, the duty of the USSR was to first create a strong state - must be able to defend against enemies!“We are fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this distance in ten years. Either we do it or we shall be crushed” – Stalin
Industrialization Series of 5 year plans to expand manufacturing Industrial cities built with Western engineering Rapid urbanization followed.
IndustrializationSuccess! By the 1930’s USSR was the world’s 3rd leading industrial power.Total government control of industry focused on military and heavy industry (not consumer goods)
AgricultureCollectivization• 1928, Soviet gov seized 25 million privately owned farms• Established gov’t owned farms called collectives• Food production declined, grains were taken to feed urban areas or for export
USSR Social Class ChangesWealthy upper class (including ruling families) was removed.The kulak class (small landowners) was destroyed.WORKING CLASS officially the only class.
Social ClassCommunist Party Leaders• Became the new upper classMilitary Leaders• Continued to be in the upper classUrban workers• Gained some status• Gained access to new government services
Changes in Social Class and Families Similar changes in the family as in the industrialized nations of the west. • Family ties loosened, emphasis on nuclear families. • Birth rates declined • Greater emphasis on children succeeding
USSR- Women’s Status “Legal equality” with men. Women joined the work force in industrialization and had some political roles. Women gained ground in certain professions – such as medicine.
What stayed the same?• Male-dominated society – politically and economically• Women still required to care for family and household.• No middle-class• Elite class still in control of the politics, economics, and society – (Stalin and communist party replaced Tsar and
What stayed the same?• Largely rural population and strong agricultural base.• Consumer-based economy never developed.• Russian economy mostly isolated from the West.