Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

AP World Industrial Revolution (BASIC!!!!)

6,477 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

AP World Industrial Revolution (BASIC!!!!)

  1. 1. The Agricultural Revolution leads to the Industrial Revolution in Britain
  2. 2. The Agricultural Revolution <ul><li>period of time when farming techniques improved resulting in higher quality and quantities of food. </li></ul><ul><li>The Enclosure Movement was the process of taking over & consolidating land formerly shared by peasant farmers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Larger fields could be cultivated more efficiently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farm output rose, more food was available to feed the growing population </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>long process during the mid 1700s of switching from simple hand tools to complex machines for production </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why did it start in Britain? <ul><li>A large supply of coal & iron helped Britain to lead the way in the Industrial Revolution (power & building) </li></ul><ul><li>large population that was no longer working on farms (enclosure movement), and could work in cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>increased the demand for goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>middle and upper class in Britain had a lot of capital that they were eager to invest into new industry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Britain had a stable government that supported the new industry </li></ul>
  5. 5. Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution
  6. 6. People Move to Cities <ul><li>Urbanization is… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The movement of people to cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cities grew around factories </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. New Social Classes <ul><li>Middle Class: entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Owned factories, mines, RR, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lower Class: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers in rural areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factory/Mine workers in urban areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived in tenements in the cities </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Tenement life: <ul><li>Tenements are multi-story buildings divided into crowded apartments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No running water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No sewage or sanitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disease spread rapidly </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Slums <ul><li>Overcrowded tenements </li></ul><ul><li>A family has one room </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment or illness could ruin a family </li></ul><ul><li>High crime rates </li></ul><ul><li>Alcoholism </li></ul>
  10. 10. Population <ul><li>1800->1900 the population doubled! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller families (don’t need masses of children to work farms) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Death rate fell (better at fighting disease) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Life in a factory: <ul><li>Strict- everything moved by bells </li></ul><ul><li>Women & children made less than men </li></ul><ul><li>Shifts from 12-16 hours </li></ul><ul><li>No safety devices on machines </li></ul><ul><li>Unions are illegal </li></ul>
  12. 12. Life in Mines <ul><li>Increased demand for iron & coal during the Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Miners are paid more than factory workers </li></ul><ul><li>Miners worked in the dark </li></ul><ul><li>Dust from the mines led to “black lung” </li></ul><ul><li>Danger from explosions & cave-ins </li></ul><ul><li>Women & children were smaller & could fit in the shafts easier </li></ul>
  13. 13. New Ways of Thinking
  14. 14. Laissez-Faire Economics <ul><li>Physiocrats of the Enlightenment applied natural laws to the economy </li></ul><ul><li>Adam Smith </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote: “ Wealth of Nations” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Argued that the free market, without government regulation, would help everyone – rich & poor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROOF! The Industrial Age! </li></ul>
  15. 15. Thomas Malthus <ul><li>Economist </li></ul><ul><li>Predicted that the population would grow faster than the food supply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This would cause widespread famine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Urged people to have less children </li></ul><ul><li>Discouraged charity of helping the needy </li></ul><ul><li>Discouraged vaccinations </li></ul><ul><li>HE WAS WRONG. </li></ul>
  16. 16. David Ricardo <ul><li>Economist </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that the working class would never escape poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Wage increases never helped he believed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They would only cover the increased cost of food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People thought they could have more children when they made more money </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wrote: “ The Iron Law of Wages” </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed government help to the poor </li></ul>
  17. 17. Utilitarianism <ul><li>Jeremy Bentham: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The goal of society should be the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Things should provide more happiness than pain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual freedom guarantees happiness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited government involvement is needed </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Workers Find Comfort in Religion <ul><li>Methodists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded by John Wesley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Religion influenced by Industrial Revolution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People are moving to their city and losing connection with their home churches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stresses the need to find faith on your own </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A meetings, sermons that stressed hymns & sermons promising forgiveness of sin if you act in moral & sober ways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunday schools: teach to read & write along with Bible study </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Socialism <ul><li>Condemned the evils of capitalistic society </li></ul><ul><li>People as a whole own & operate the means of production </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that human nature is basically good </li></ul>
  20. 20. Utopians <ul><li>Robert Owen established a Utopia in Scotland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A community where all society owned the property together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All work was shared equally in the society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refused to use child labor </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Communism <ul><li>Founded by Karl Marx – “scientific socialism” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Communist Manifesto” – Written by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engles (1848) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocated the establishment of a classless society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All means of production are owned by the community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economics is the driving force of history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All of History is a struggle between the “haves” and the “have not's” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Marxism <ul><li>1860s- Germany forms a social democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gradual transition from capitalism to socialism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Late 1800s- Russians embraced Marxism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1917 Russian Revolution sets up a communist inspired government </li></ul></ul>

×