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Shifting ground: scholarly communication in geography


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Joint presentation by me, Data/Liaison Librarian Heather Whipple and Collections Librarian Ian Gibson for the Canadian Association of Geographers' meeting during Congress 2014.

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Shifting ground: scholarly communication in geography

  1. 1. Shifting Ground: Understanding Scholarly Communication in Geography Heather Whipple, Data/Liaison Librarian Elizabeth Yates, Liaison/Scholarly Communication Librarian Ian Gibson, Collections Librarian May 28, 2014 ~ CAG @ Congress Free to use or share with attribution
  2. 2. Today’s outcomes You will recall: • Strategies for finding & sharing scholarly information sources • Characteristics of changes in scholarly publishing, including Open Access • Important publishing platforms for geography • Strategies for evaluating a journal • Characteristics of traditional and new forms of measuring research impact
  3. 3. Finding geographical research • Geographers research everything, everywhere: no single research database can keep up • Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar • Other specialized disciplinary databases with overlap • Use advanced search options to limit by subject, keyword • For example: geograph*
  4. 4. Finding geographical research • Google Scholar • If you are affiliated with a university, make sure your library is linked to your profile for easy access to subscription content • Set up citation export preferences • Set up alerts (also available for journals & databases) • Access when you’re between affiliations • Public library databases • Alumni access to ILL • Author websites & research repositories • &
  5. 5. Sharing your research • Make sure YOUR WORK can be found • ORCID & ResearcherID • Publishing and Getting Read. 2013 (RGS) • Ballamingie, Patricia, and Susan Tudin. 2013. "Publishing graduate student research in geography: the fundamentals." Journal Of Geography In Higher Education 37, no. 2: 304- 314.
  6. 6. Sharing your research • Research Data Management • Best practices for preserving your data over the long term • Plan for the future • Plan for sharing • Plan for reuse • Plan for protection of vulnerable or proprietary content • Increasingly expected as part of funding applications
  7. 7. Publishing then
  8. 8. Publishing now • Open, online journals • Digital academic presses • Online repositories • Funding agency policies supporting OA • Greater support for author rights
  9. 9. • Free, immediate online access to scholarly research • No end-user fees • Usually greater freedom for re-use
  10. 10. Open Access = greater impact Open Access Citation effect: • Open Access articles are cited significantly more than non-OA articles Article downloads: • Open Access articles are downloaded significantly more than non-OA articles
  11. 11. Open Access = more rights
  12. 12. Morrison, H. (2014). Dramatic Growth of Open Access: December 31, 2013: first open source edition. Growth of OA publishing
  13. 13. OA Policies: global growth
  14. 14. How does OA work? Publishing is not free! Costs are covered by means such as: • Article processing fees • Advertising • Sponsorship by a scholarly society • Researcher memberships
  15. 15. Repositories Image: 'Dolmabahçe Palace...' Found on • Online archives of scholarly content • Subject-based or institutional e.g. Brock Digital Repository • Search global repositories via:
  16. 16. Open Access in Geography • DOAJ • 572 titles for geograph* anywhere • 118 titles for Geography (general) by subject • PLOS One • Acme • Cities and the Environment (CATE) • OA journals for other related disciplines • DOAR • 43 disciplinary repositories for Geography and Regional Studies • your best option might fall under another subject category
  17. 17. How do you evaluate a journal? a. My advisor recommended it b. It has a high Impact Factor c. I found it on Google Scholar d. It looks pretty e. The editor emailed me and asked me to send in an article – it will only cost $500 to publish!
  18. 18. Some guidelines Source: Brock Library (2014) Guidelines for evaluating a journal. • Check aims, cope & subject coverage • Are its policies on peer review, open access, copyright, etc., publicly available? • Do you recognize researchers in your field? • Where is it indexed? • Does it have an Impact Factor or alternative metrics? • Does it appear on a “watch” list e.g. Beall’s list of predatory publishers? • If it charges fees, are they clearly explained?
  19. 19. Journal Impact Factor 𝐼𝐹 = 𝐶𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑠 𝐶𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝐴𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑙𝑒𝑠 Citations = citations in the current year to articles published in the past two years Citable articles = number of articles published in the past two years
  20. 20. E.g. 1. If articles published in your journal in 2010-2011 were cited 50 times in 2012 2. And your journal published a total 100 articles in 2010-2011 3. Your journal’s impact factor is: 50/100 = .5
  21. 21. Problems with Impact Factor • A quantification of quality • Only pertains to journals, not people • Only counts journals indexed in Web of Science (geography?) • Can be easily gamed Image: 'choking' Found on
  22. 22. Individual metric: H-Index H = n papers that have been cited at least n times • reflects both the number of publications and the number of citations per publication • based on a list of publications ranked in descending order by the times cited
  23. 23. E.g. • if I have an H-index of 2, that means I have written two papers that have been cited at least twice Issues: • rewards prolific authors, long careers • doesn’t reward groundbreaking ideas and papers that get a lot of citations • only relevant for fields that focus on articles, articles, articles
  24. 24. There is no perfect metric
  25. 25. Declaration on Research Assessment General Recommendation 1. Do not use journal-based metrics, such as Journal Impact Factors, as a surrogate measure of the quality of individual research articles, to assess an individual scientist's contributions, or in hiring, promotion, or funding decisions.
  26. 26. Alternative Metrics • For articles • For individuals • For institutions Broader scope: -”real world” AND academic impact -articles AND code AND blog posts AND reports, etc. -beyond use to how and why -focus away from journal and onto article, individual
  27. 27. Article Level Metrics: PLoS • Metrics for each article publically displayed • Categories: Viewed, Cited, Saved, Discussed, and Recommended • PLoS metrics software openly available • 1%2Fjournal.pone.0030366
  28. 28. Individual metrics: Impact Story • • Works best with permanent identifier eg ORCID or ResearcherID • Open source project aggregating multiple outputs > DOIs, URLs, software, slides, etc. • metrics sorted by engagement type and audience
  29. 29. Institutional metrics: Plum Analytics • 5 categories of metrics: usage, captures, mentions, social media & citations • Multiple outputs including articles, books, videos, presentations, datasets, etc. • E.g. of institutional use > The Smithsonian
  30. 30. Use with caution
  31. 31. Copyright: What is it? Why does it matter? • a form of intellectual property • takes effect the moment a work is “fixed” (doesn’t apply to ideas, facts) • applies to all genres – books, periodicals, charts, software, films, music, works of art • Protects your rights as a creator: • to reproduce, publish, alter, sell, etc. the work • copyright infringement > is unauthorized copying or use of a work
  32. 32. What can you do? No. 1 > Read your copyright agreements! • research your publication options • negotiate more copy-rights • use Creative Commons licensing -- • publish with an Open Access platform White clouds in the deep blue, by backtrust; from stock.xchng
  33. 33. Summing up • Scholarly publishing is in transition • We have the ability to discover vast quantities of information • We have the ability to share vast quantities of information • Some publishers are nervous about what this might mean • You have opportunities to decide how you want to engage with this changing realm • You have opportunities & responsibilities to understand how your work is measured, contained, and promoted.
  34. 34. Thank you Presentation slides ~ Presentation links ~ Heather Whipple ~ Elizabeth Yates ~ Thanks to Ian Gibson for metrics & altmetrics content