Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Shifting ground: scholarly communication in geography

814 views

Published on

Joint presentation by me, Data/Liaison Librarian Heather Whipple and Collections Librarian Ian Gibson for the Canadian Association of Geographers' meeting during Congress 2014.

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Shifting ground: scholarly communication in geography

  1. 1. Shifting Ground: Understanding Scholarly Communication in Geography Heather Whipple, Data/Liaison Librarian Elizabeth Yates, Liaison/Scholarly Communication Librarian Ian Gibson, Collections Librarian May 28, 2014 ~ CAG @ Congress Free to use or share with attribution
  2. 2. Today’s outcomes You will recall: • Strategies for finding & sharing scholarly information sources • Characteristics of changes in scholarly publishing, including Open Access • Important publishing platforms for geography • Strategies for evaluating a journal • Characteristics of traditional and new forms of measuring research impact
  3. 3. Finding geographical research • Geographers research everything, everywhere: no single research database can keep up • Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar • Other specialized disciplinary databases with overlap • Use advanced search options to limit by subject, keyword • For example: geograph*
  4. 4. Finding geographical research • Google Scholar • If you are affiliated with a university, make sure your library is linked to your profile for easy access to subscription content • Set up citation export preferences • Set up alerts (also available for journals & databases) • Access when you’re between affiliations • Public library databases • Alumni access to ILL • Author websites & research repositories • academia.edu & researchgate.net
  5. 5. Sharing your research • Make sure YOUR WORK can be found • ORCID & ResearcherID • Publishing and Getting Read. 2013 (RGS) • Ballamingie, Patricia, and Susan Tudin. 2013. "Publishing graduate student research in geography: the fundamentals." Journal Of Geography In Higher Education 37, no. 2: 304- 314.
  6. 6. Sharing your research • Research Data Management • Best practices for preserving your data over the long term • Plan for the future • Plan for sharing • Plan for reuse • Plan for protection of vulnerable or proprietary content • Increasingly expected as part of funding applications
  7. 7. Publishing then
  8. 8. Publishing now • Open, online journals • Digital academic presses • Online repositories • Funding agency policies supporting OA • Greater support for author rights
  9. 9. • Free, immediate online access to scholarly research • No end-user fees • Usually greater freedom for re-use
  10. 10. Open Access = greater impact Open Access Citation effect: • Open Access articles are cited significantly more than non-OA articles Article downloads: • Open Access articles are downloaded significantly more than non-OA articles
  11. 11. Open Access = more rights
  12. 12. Morrison, H. (2014). Dramatic Growth of Open Access: December 31, 2013: first open source edition. http://poeticeconomics.blogspot.ca/ Growth of OA publishing
  13. 13. OA Policies: global growth http://roarmap.eprints.org/
  14. 14. How does OA work? Publishing is not free! Costs are covered by means such as: • Article processing fees • Advertising • Sponsorship by a scholarly society • Researcher memberships
  15. 15. Repositories Image: 'Dolmabahçe Palace...' http://www.flickr.com/photos/37134982@N00/1266859025 Found on flickrcc.net • Online archives of scholarly content • Subject-based or institutional e.g. Brock Digital Repository • Search global repositories via: opendoar.org
  16. 16. Open Access in Geography • DOAJ • 572 titles for geograph* anywhere • 118 titles for Geography (general) by subject • PLOS One • Acme • Cities and the Environment (CATE) • OA journals for other related disciplines • DOAR • 43 disciplinary repositories for Geography and Regional Studies • your best option might fall under another subject category
  17. 17. How do you evaluate a journal? a. My advisor recommended it b. It has a high Impact Factor c. I found it on Google Scholar d. It looks pretty e. The editor emailed me and asked me to send in an article – it will only cost $500 to publish!
  18. 18. Some guidelines Source: Brock Library (2014) Guidelines for evaluating a journal. http://brocku.ca/library/services-lib/faculty/guidelines-for-evaluating-a-journal-publisher • Check aims, cope & subject coverage • Are its policies on peer review, open access, copyright, etc., publicly available? • Do you recognize researchers in your field? • Where is it indexed? • Does it have an Impact Factor or alternative metrics? • Does it appear on a “watch” list e.g. Beall’s list of predatory publishers? scholarlyoa.com/2014/01/02/list-of-predatory-publishers-2014/ • If it charges fees, are they clearly explained?
  19. 19. Journal Impact Factor 𝐼𝐹 = 𝐶𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑠 𝐶𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝐴𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑙𝑒𝑠 Citations = citations in the current year to articles published in the past two years Citable articles = number of articles published in the past two years
  20. 20. E.g. 1. If articles published in your journal in 2010-2011 were cited 50 times in 2012 2. And your journal published a total 100 articles in 2010-2011 3. Your journal’s impact factor is: 50/100 = .5
  21. 21. Problems with Impact Factor • A quantification of quality • Only pertains to journals, not people • Only counts journals indexed in Web of Science (geography?) • Can be easily gamed Image: 'choking' http://www.flickr.com/photos/36613169@N00/299060326 Found on flickrcc.net
  22. 22. Individual metric: H-Index H = n papers that have been cited at least n times • reflects both the number of publications and the number of citations per publication • based on a list of publications ranked in descending order by the times cited
  23. 23. E.g. • if I have an H-index of 2, that means I have written two papers that have been cited at least twice Issues: • rewards prolific authors, long careers • doesn’t reward groundbreaking ideas and papers that get a lot of citations • only relevant for fields that focus on articles, articles, articles
  24. 24. There is no perfect metric
  25. 25. Declaration on Research Assessment General Recommendation 1. Do not use journal-based metrics, such as Journal Impact Factors, as a surrogate measure of the quality of individual research articles, to assess an individual scientist's contributions, or in hiring, promotion, or funding decisions. http://am.ascb.org/dora/
  26. 26. Alternative Metrics • For articles • For individuals • For institutions Broader scope: -”real world” AND academic impact -articles AND code AND blog posts AND reports, etc. -beyond use to how and why -focus away from journal and onto article, individual
  27. 27. Article Level Metrics: PLoS • Metrics for each article publically displayed • Categories: Viewed, Cited, Saved, Discussed, and Recommended • PLoS metrics software openly available • http://www.plosone.org/article/metrics/info%3Adoi%2F10.137 1%2Fjournal.pone.0030366
  28. 28. Individual metrics: Impact Story • https://impactstory.org/ • Works best with permanent identifier eg ORCID or ResearcherID • Open source project aggregating multiple outputs > DOIs, URLs, software, slides, etc. • metrics sorted by engagement type and audience
  29. 29. Institutional metrics: Plum Analytics • 5 categories of metrics: usage, captures, mentions, social media & citations • Multiple outputs including articles, books, videos, presentations, datasets, etc. • E.g. of institutional use > The Smithsonian https://plu.mx/g/smithsonian/
  30. 30. Use with caution http://mikuru.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/under-construction.gif
  31. 31. Copyright: What is it? Why does it matter? • a form of intellectual property • takes effect the moment a work is “fixed” (doesn’t apply to ideas, facts) • applies to all genres – books, periodicals, charts, software, films, music, works of art • Protects your rights as a creator: • to reproduce, publish, alter, sell, etc. the work • copyright infringement > is unauthorized copying or use of a work
  32. 32. What can you do? No. 1 > Read your copyright agreements! • research your publication options • negotiate more copy-rights • use Creative Commons licensing -- creativecommons.org • publish with an Open Access platform White clouds in the deep blue, by backtrust; from stock.xchng
  33. 33. Summing up • Scholarly publishing is in transition • We have the ability to discover vast quantities of information • We have the ability to share vast quantities of information • Some publishers are nervous about what this might mean • You have opportunities to decide how you want to engage with this changing realm • You have opportunities & responsibilities to understand how your work is measured, contained, and promoted.
  34. 34. Thank you Presentation slides ~ http://www.slideshare.net/ElizabethYates Presentation links ~ http://bit.ly/CAG2014sc Heather Whipple ~ hwhipple@brocku.ca Elizabeth Yates ~ eyates@brocku.ca Thanks to Ian Gibson for metrics & altmetrics content

×