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Yr9 shot types compressed


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Yr9 shot types compressed

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Yr9 shot types compressed

  1. 1. An Introduction to ‘Camera Angles/Shot Types’
  2. 2. After these lessons you will… • Be able to identify the main shot scale from ‘ELS’ to ‘ECU’ and 3 main shot angles… • Be able to look at a shot and denote (name) the type of shot • Begin to use these shot types in your planning for your own media productions • You may be able to explain the connotations of (symbolic reasons for selecting) a specific shot type
  3. 3. In these lessons you will… • Produce a very basic drawing, and annotate (add notes to) this as we go • Identify the shot type of a range of examples • (You might briefly lie down…) • Shoot and label the full range of shot types and angles using your iPad • Create a comic book story featuring each shot type, and be able to explain why you selected some of these • OPTIONAL: Find and label an example of each shot type used in a magazine ad
  4. 4. We will begin to apply semiotics • ‘Semiotics’ is the framework we use for analysing a media text • You will be analysing your own productions, and using media language + semiotic terms to help explain your ideas at the planning stage too • You will have plenty of opportunity to use all these terms, and a guide sheet, but please ask if you need a reminder at any time on any term • We will keep practicing semiotic terms throughout this lesson • Here’s a 60 second summary of semiotics… • Feel free to take a photo with your iPad of the following slides…
  5. 5. Semiotics in 60 Seconds • We need to identify how details or choices in any media text suggest a meaning • We will use two terms: signifier and connote • We use two stages: description (a signifier is a detail) and interpretation (symbolic meanings or connotations). Example: • I used a red rose as a signifier to connote romance
  6. 6. Semiotics in 60 Seconds • A red rose can be a signifier • It can be chosen to connote (symbolise) love or romance. • I used a red rose to connote romance.
  7. 7. Semiotics in 60 Seconds • Have we got it? There’s a lot at stake… • TASK: quickly write/type what you think the main signifier is in this picture and what it connotes • HINT: It isn’t connoting gardening… • ANSWER: The wooden stake is a signifier…it connotes vampires!
  8. 8. Task 1 • Draw a stick man … and a 2nd small stick man baby! • Use iPad or pen + paper • You will be drawing 7 lines across this + writing in 7 labels to identify shots
  9. 9. From one extreme… • The 1st shot we’ll look is at one end of the scale • It is a common shot selection for starting films; it helps set the scene (it can be denoted/described as an establishing shot) • These are not just long shots, these are extreme long shots…
  10. 10. Extreme Long Shot1
  11. 11. Extreme Long Shot2
  12. 12. Extreme Long Shot3
  13. 13. Extreme Long Shots In these shots the background dominates. There is space between a character’s head/feet and the edge of the frame STICK MAN DRAWING: Draw an arrow pointing up + down beside your stick baby and write in ELS: extreme long shot
  14. 14. The other extreme… • The 2nd shot we’ll look is at the other end of the scale • It is often used to really emphasise emotions • These are not just close-ups, these are extreme close-ups… • A stamp if you can name the film any of these are taken from…
  15. 15. Extreme Close-Up 1 • From Blair Witch Project; the most iconic runny rose in film history!
  16. 16. Extreme Close-Up 2 • From Saving Private Ryan, a film about the Holocaust
  17. 17. Extreme Close-Up 3 Excellent! • From Wayne’s World; a film that made singing in cars very popular
  18. 18. Blink Off • Form into pairs: 1 of you stand with your back to the screen and close your eyes – don’t open them until after I’ve counted to 3; the other face the screen and read the next instructions… • The other should now lean in so that your eyes are close to theirs, pulling the scariest look you can muster; when I tell the others to open their eyes feel free to give a quick yell to help wake them up…
  19. 19. Blinking Heck • Those of you who have just opened your eyes have just experienced why film- makers use extreme close ups … to make you really feel the emotion of a character • Another semiotics term you can use: ‘I chose an extreme close-up to denote the character’s strong emotions.’ Denote means to describe what you can see or hear
  20. 20. DRAWING: Extreme Close-Up • Draw a line from left to right about half way up the face • Label this ECU: extreme close-up • You might select this shot to denote a character’s strong emotions
  21. 21. The 3 basic shot types 1.Close-up 2.? 3.Long shot Medium or mid-shot There are also two variations of the close-up and long shot: The MEDIUM close- up/long shot and the EXTREME close-up/long shot Some use ‘big’ instead of ‘extreme’; you must use ‘extreme’!
  22. 22. CU to LS • Simple way to remember the 3 basic shots: if featuring a person… • A CU will show head (& shoulders) • A MS from the waist (up or down) • A LS the whole body (little or no space above/below) • Draw lines across your stick man and add the labels for these shots.
  23. 23. Close-up Example • A close-up can also be of an object or a body part, it doesn’t have to be the face
  24. 24. Close-up v Extreme close-up • The extreme close-up shows only part of the object or face
  25. 25. Medium close-up • Draw a line roughly half way up the chest and label this MCU: medium close-up
  26. 26. (Medium) close-up • Not every shot fits neatly into the shot scale. • This one could be described either as a close-up or a medium close-up. BOTH are correct! • Don’t agonise when its in between like this
  27. 27. ECU v CU v MCU • Selecting a MCU allows you to show more of the mise- en-scene (background, props, setting, costume) and body language
  28. 28. Medium shot • Roughly half a person! • We still get a strong sense of emotion from facial expression, but get more mise-en-scene and body language (especially arms!) • EXTRAS: When two people are in a shot like this we call it a … two shot!!!
  29. 29. Medium shot • I’ve actually cheated here and cropped this to make it into a medium shot (a handy tip to remember!!!) • The full shot includes more mise-en-scene which connotes the girl’s character…
  30. 30. Medium long shot • The original MLS contained a key detail in the mise- en-scene to connote the ‘immoral’ ways of this girl (a horror convention) … • Can you tell what the signifier is? • It’s the booze! The bottle of alcohol is used as a signifier to connote that this girl is … ‘bad’!
  31. 31. Medium long shot • We’ll say more about this scary fellow later… • Draw a line across the knees of your stick man and label this MLS: medium long shot
  32. 32. MCU v MS v MLS • The face becomes less of a focus and body language, background (general mise-en-scene) becomes more important
  33. 33. Long Shot • The full body is in shot • There might be a little space above and below • We see quite a lot of the background, and the mise-en-scene generally • We see more of body language, but facial expression doesn’t really impact on the audience
  34. 34. Long Shot
  35. 35. Long Shot • EXTRAS: Photographers might recognise the rule of thirds being used here: keeping the action in the central third
  36. 36. MLS v LS v ELS • Body language and movement is more of a signifier than facial expression, and the background (general mise-en-scene) becomes ever more important
  37. 37. Quick Quiz • Can you identify the following shot types?
  38. 38. Quick Quiz • Medium shot: the character with the book is the focus
  39. 39. Quick Quiz • Extreme long shot: the background is the focus. The clouds and dark landscape are signifiers used to connote that this is a drama with some some serious themes
  40. 40. Quick Quiz • Medium close-up (close to a MS) the tight framing of the two shot is a signifier used to connote a relationship between these two!
  41. 41. Quick Quiz • Medium long shot: the character’s body language and the quirky mise-en-scene are the focus
  42. 42. Quick Quiz • Either a long shot or ELS would be right here! Note how the framing makes the shot look like a face!!!
  43. 43. Quick Quiz • Medium close-up: Ben doesn’t actually smoke, this was a fake cigarette!
  44. 44. Lets see those in context… • We’ll watch the Media coursework these shots came from. It’s the opening section of a new feature film • Think about why shots were chosen and used here, what they might have connoted
  45. 45. What’s your angle? • Just as there are 3 basic shot types, there are three basic camera angles too: • Low angle • Mid angle • High angle • Can anyone name this wrestler & the angle? Now we need a volunteer to lie down, take it easy… Kurt Angle, filmed at a slight low angle which creates a sense
  46. 46. The Symbolic Significance of Angles • With our volunteer/s lying down, everyone else gather round and look down on them • Consider your eyes as the camera lens, & note how the two angles can convey (or signify/connote) power/menace or weakness/vulnerability • Imagine yourself in the place of our volunteer & consider what s/he’s seeing! • At the bottom of your drawing add an arrow pointing up and write LA: low angle (looks powerful)
  47. 47. • Low Angle shot I promised this dude would return! – A shot taken from below an actor, as if s/he is looking down on us. – This may make us, the audience, feel small and vulnerable, and/or the actor seem powerful.
  48. 48. • Mid Angle shot – This can be considered relatively neutral; other elements of the shot or framing are likely to carry more symbolic meaning. Compare the two shots below. In which is the angle of greater symbolic significance? Can you explain this – and perhaps guess what we call this third angle?
  49. 49. • High Angle shot – A shot taken from above the action and actors. This can make us feel powerful and superior and the actors seem small and vulnerable. We could also call this a point- of-view (POV) shot, as we appear to be seeing the scene through a specific character’s eyes (from their point of view)
  50. 50. High v Low Angle • LOW ANGLE: you’re looking up to the person; they’re awesome/scary! • HIGH ANGLE: you’re looking down on them; they’re sad/weak, maybe in danger!
  51. 51. Drawing on Your Learning 1. MS 2. ECU 3. MLS 4. CU 5. LS See if you can guess what this one looks like: 6. DA [dutch angle! Aka canted angle] You will see an example of this shortly • Can you write down the names of these shots just from their abbreviations? • Try it without using your drawing/notes (use these if you get stuck)
  52. 52. Dutch/canted angle; (M)CU Typically used to signify that something is not quite right. The framing is awkward and uncomfortable too. Look up past AS coursework “The Cellar” on the ‘IGSMediaStudies’ YouTube channel for some excellent application of this angle. This is an example where the shot is between MCU and CU; either would be fine.
  53. 53. Recap Quiz • Lets see how many of these shots and/or angles you can identify • Challenge yourself to use any extra terms, such as signifier or connotes, and to think about WHY or WHEN they might be used
  54. 54. CU Close-ups are usually selected to stress emotion, though here it’s a real challenge to alter the doll’s facial expression! The soundtrack at this point is all important – see “Playtime”
  55. 55. Shoot… • Your task now is to work in pairs and starting with either ELS or ECU, use each other as models to shoot a full set of shot types • Once you’ve each done that, create a comic strip and label each shot! • If you don’t have an iPad, log on to a computer and ask a partner to email images to you to put into a PowerPoint, again clearly labeling each shot type
  56. 56. Next Time… • You will come with a VERY short story! • Something you can convey through around 10 photos • You should use all of the shot types and angles • Bring some costume or appropriate props if you want to add signifiers to connote some characteristics