Science in the Open - Science Commons Pacific Northwest

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Slides from talk given at the Science Commons Symposium Pacific Northwest. Includes new material on Panton Principles and simple user interfaces for scientists.

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Science in the Open - Science Commons Pacific Northwest

  1. Science in the open What can be done? And where will it take us?
  2. You are free to: Copy, share, adapt, or re-mix; Photograph, film, or broadcast; Blog, live-blog, or post video of; This presentation. Provided that: You attribute the work to its author and respect the rights and licenses associated with its components.
  3. Chris Leonard Plausible Accuracy John Fabiana Kubke Richard Grant Pedro Beltrao Neil Saunders Steve Wilson @gnat Branwen Hide Simon Coles Dupuis Simon Philips Pawel Szcsesny Paul Miller Tony Hey Jeremy Frey Nico Adams Richard Akerman Cavalli Gabriel JonMat Todd Stephen BrennerTim O’Reilly Noel Gorelick Dave de Roure Rich Apodaca Udell ISIS LSS Group Jeremiah Faith Jean-Claude Bradley Michael Barton JOHN WILLINSKY Phil Lord Nicholas Cole Stephen FriendGrace Baynes Clay Shirky Victoria  John Cumbers Bull BoraDavid Crotty @t Stodden Martyn Eva Amsen Egon  Willighagen Mark Borkum Zivkovic Brian Kelly Tony Williams Dan Hagon Maxine Clarke Andrew Milsted Mitch Koch Lab Michael NielsenMartin Fenner Steph Hannon WaldropGreg Wilson Brian Matthews Leigh Dodds Bill Hooker Frank Norman Yaroslav Nikolaev Jenny Rohn Rafael Sidi Lee Smolin Timo Hannay Ricardo Vidal Iain Emsley Paulo Nuin Ariel Waldmann Ken Shankland Lorie LeJeune Jonathan Gray Microsoft STFC Deepak Singh Shirley Wu ISIS Computing Group Helen Berman Peter Binfield Benjamin Good Dorothea Salo Liz Lyons PLoS Carole Goble Jen Dodd Lee Dirks Peter Murray-Rust Richard Akerman Friendfeed Chad Orzel Jon Eisen Jenny Hale Lakshmi Shastry Steve Koch NPG Ben Goldacre SciFoo 2008/9 Bill Flanagan Jon Tansley Michael Eisen Matt Wood campers Hope Leman Rufus Pollock Victor HenningGoogle Björn Brembs Allyson Lister Lisa Green TIM HUBBARD Rebecca Goulding Euan Adie John Andy Powell Harry Collins Gavin Bell Jim Downing Matt Johnson Wilbanks Mike Ellis DUNCAN HULL Garret Lisi Jamie McQuay Catherine Jones Sabine Hossenfelder Flickr The BioGang Gavin Baker Peter Suber Arfon Smith Kevin Kelly Paul Walk Kaitlin Thaney Richard Curry Atilla Csordas Ian Mulvany
  4. About me.
  5. I live in Bath http://www.flickr.com/photos/andypowe11/3915450391
  6. I work at RAL
  7. I work for STFC...
  8. But The opinions expressed in this talk are the personal views of the speaker given as a private citizen and should not unders any circumstances be taken of as indicative of STFC, RCUK, or government policy or of any discussions within these organizations of future policy....
  9. I get up in the morning http://www.flickr.com/photos/andypowe11/3251538402
  10. ...and catch a train http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattbuck007/3710451826
  11. ...and a bus
  12. ...to get to work
  13. I work on... Wikimedia Commons Wikimedia Commons Succinate_Dehydrogenase_1YQ3_and_Membrane.png MGMT BDNA_1T38.png
  14. ...and get to do cool stuff
  15. Mixture of small-lab work...
  16. ...and big facility experiments
  17. Lots of reading... http://www.flickr.com/photos/loty/326761635
  18. ...meetings... http://www.flickr.com/photos/amagill/38961674
  19. ...too much travel... http://www.flickr.com/photos/22819720@N02/2306780847
  20. ...which leads to too much of this
  21. http://flickr.com/photos/cliche/120070310/
  22. http://www.flickr.com/photos/amagill/38961674
  23. http://www.flickr.com/photos/loty/326761635
  24. http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattbuck007/3710451826
  25. http://www.flickr.com/photos/andypowe11/3251538402
  26. http://www.flickr.com/photos/22819720@N02/2306780847
  27. Why?
  28. Why do they pay? http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0a/US_Congress_02.jpg
  29. Why do they pay? http://www.flickr.com/photos/mararie/3313582639/ CC-BY-SA
  30. Why do they pay? w e http://www.flickr.com/photos/mararie/3313582639/ CC-BY-SA
  31. Cures... http://www.flickr.com/photos/59334544@N00/2322167178
  32. Prestige... http://www.flickr.com/photos/natematias/310642831 CC-BY-SA
  33. http://www.flickr.com/photos/penmachine/2109311458/ ...excitement
  34. Why do I do it?
  35. Mortgage... http://www.flickr.com/photos/joeshlabotnik/2143212474 CC-BY
  36. ...curiosity... http://www.flickr.com/photos/emiliodelprado/225161313
  37. Fun! http://www.flickr.com/photos/wwworks/2908834853
  38. This is a privilege.
  39. Not a right.
  40. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/3947254236
  41. But how? http://www.flickr.com/photos/valeriebb/2248744703
  42. But sometimes...
  43. ...formal publication http://flickr.com/photos/nicmcphee/2756494307/
  44. http://www.flickr.com/photos/siberianluck/3450937497 ...is overkill...
  45. An example
  46. 9:00 am, 4 September 2008
  47. http://usefulchem.wikispaces.com/Exp207 Flickr tag: UC207
  48. 7:36  pm,  4  September  2008
  49. Publishing is easy... http://www.flickr.com/photos/cybershotking/329184504/
  50. ...data, documents, media...
  51. Broadcasting is easy...
  52. ...sharing is harder http://www.flickr.com/photos/missrogue/107787363
  53. Interoperability is the key... http://www.flickr.com/photos/sfllaw/222795669
  54. Technical interoperability... ...formats, vocabularies http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffsand/3871415191
  55. Legal interoperability... http://www.flickr.com/photos/spunter/3239363956
  56. Legal interoperability... http://www.flickr.com/photos/spunter/3239363956
  57. Legal interoperability... http://www.flickr.com/photos/spunter/3239363956
  58. http://pantonprinciples.org
  59. Formally, we recommend adopting and acting on the following principles: 1. When publishing data make an explicit and robust statement of your wishes. 2. Use a recognised waiver or license that is appropriate for data. 3. If you want your data to be effectively [...] non- commercial and other restrictive clauses should not be used. 4. Explicit dedication of data underlying published science into the public domain via PDDL or CCZero is strongly recommended...
  60. Technical Legal interop. interop. Process interoperability
  61. Systems need to work with existing process
  62. ...and people
  63. Samples Lucyʼs pcr New buffer oligo25 spinach digest Yesterday Older Filter by user Do experiment!
  64. Capture first... http://www.flickr.com/photos/furtwangl/3851841424
  65. Dionaea muscipula Musca domestica chomped on ...then add structure
  66. Map our process onto agreed vocabularies
  67. ...when we tell the story http://www.flickr.com/photos/tnarik/366393127
  68. Machines do structure http://www.flickr.com/photos/yeowatzup/2463225297
  69. Machines need structure http://www.flickr.com/photos/yeowatzup/2463225297
  70. ....humans tell stories
  71. Tools that capture the pieces of the research record as we create them
  72. Tools that capture structure as we choose the pieces for our narrative
  73. Tools that exploit structure that is already in the process
  74. What can we do?
  75. Technically able to share http://www.flickr.com/photos/yourdon/3088582622
  76. ...the whole record http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AGBell_Notebook.jpg
  77. ...but will we want to share? http://www.flickr.com/photos/66164549@N00/2162663143
  78. No.
  79. The mainstream response looks like
  80. http://flickr.com/photos/zanotti/314391903/
  81. ...or...
  82. http://www.flickr.com/photos/tammra/283690669/
  83. ...leading to a lot of...
  84. http://www.flickr.com/photos/tranchis/3708549622
  85. How do we persuade? http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattymatt/3017263513
  86. Actually I’m not worried...
  87. Submissions to Genbank 100,000,000,000 75,000,000,000 50,000,000,000 25,000,000,000 0 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006
  88. Average Capacity of Human Scientist 5.00 3.75 2.50 1.25 0 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006
  89. The human scientist (that’s me) Does. Not. Scale.
  90. The web scales
  91. Government doesn’t scale
  92. http://www.flickr.com/photos/amagill/38961674 ...research groups don’t scale
  93. The web scales
  94. Scientists will need to be web-native just to survive
  95. Web native means connected Bollen J, Van de Sompel H, Hagberg A, Bettencourt L, Chute R, et al. (2009) Clickstream Data Yields High- Resolution Maps of Science. PLoS ONE 4(3): e4803. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004803
  96. which means sharing... http://www.flickr.com/photos/doubledareya/2443303399
  97. “I propose the seeming paradox that in science, private property is established by having its substance freely given to others who might want to make use of it.” Merton (1988) ISIS 79:606
  98. Not just papers
  99. And if the objects are not open and available?
  100. Open content builds the network
  101. The network is the only way we will keep up
  102. If we build tools that help scientists build networks...
  103. … then (more) open research will follow http://flickr.com/photos/good-karma/710068054/
  104. Cameron.Neylon@stfc.ac.uk http://blog.openwetware.org/scienceintheopen http://slideshare.net/cameronneylon Twitter: @cameronneylon Friendfeed: cameronneylon Thanks to: Text Sciencetwists, Friendfeeders, and the wider online community for ideas, criticism, and conversations. Deepak Singh, Larry Lessig, Andy Powell, and John Wilbanks for presentation inspiration. Flickr and Wikimedia Commons for images

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