BIM: The Promise of an Integrated Approach to Project Delivery


Published on

A presentation about (1) The technological and business practice influences that are impacting today’s architectural practice;
(2) The difference between Little-BIM and Big-BIM; (3) The relationship of Integrated Project Delivery in Big-BIM; (4) A practical discussion of resources to implement BIM; and (5) The practical uses for the BIM model

Published in: Design

BIM: The Promise of an Integrated Approach to Project Delivery

  1. 1. BIM, The Promise of an Integrated Approach to Project Delivery<br />Presented by:<br />Michael Fuller, CSI, CDT, AIA, LEEDap <br />AWC|West<br />CONSTRUCT2010<br />Conference: May 11-14, 2010<br />Pennsylvania Convention Center<br />Philadelphia, PA<br />
  2. 2. A FEW REMINDERS…<br />Please remember to mute all electronic devices.<br />You must swipe your card at the door in order to receive credit for your course.<br />No one under the age of 18 is allowed in meeting rooms.<br />
  3. 3. AIA/CES Credits<br />Hanley Wood is a Registered Provider with The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems. Credit earned on completion of this program will be reported to CES Records for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for non-AIA members available on request.<br />This program is registered with the AIA/CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.<br />
  4. 4. CSI CEN Credits<br />This program is a registered educational program with the Construction Specifications Institute of Alexandria, VA. The content within this program is not created or endorsed by CSI nor should the content be construed as an approval of any product, building method, or service. Information on the specific content can be addressed at the conclusion of this program, by the Registered Provider.<br />Credit earned for completing this program will automatically be submitted to the CSI CEN. Completion certificates can be obtained by contacting the Provider directly. <br />This logo and statement identify Provider programs registered with the CSI CEN and are limited to the educational program content.<br />
  5. 5. Learning Objectives: <br />Upon completing this program, the participant should know:<br />The technological and business practice influences that are impacting today’s architectural practice<br />The difference between Little-BIM and Big-BIM<br />The relationship of Integrated Project Delivery in Big-BIM<br />A practical discussion of resources to implement BIM<br />The practical uses for the BIM model<br />
  6. 6. Michael Fuller, AIA, CDT, LEEDap<br />Michael has been practicing architecture for more than 25 years, half of which as a project and quality control manger in Los Angeles <br />Michael has served on the Construction Specifications Institute's Los Angeles Chapter Board since 1998 as Director, President Elect, and President, as well as current Past President. Michael has served on local and national CSI committees, including the Technical, Education, Website/Electronic Communications, Strategic Planning and GreenFormat committees. <br />Recipient of the 2009 Wilbur Johnson Memorial Award, for notable contributions in conjunction with specifications, and education to the Los Angeles CSI Chapter, the CSI West Region, and the CSI Institute.<br />As a LEED® accredited professional and member of the CSI GreenFormat Task Team, Michael is a frequent lecturer on “GreenFormat and the Need for Comprehensive Environmental Product Declarations" and on “BuildingSmart; An Integrated Approach to Project Delivery”.<br />
  7. 7. THE CHALLENGE?<br />
  8. 8. “It’s not what you don’t know that hurts you, It’s what you know that ain’t so.” <br />- Mark Twain<br />
  9. 9. Traditional Design<br />
  10. 10. Traditional Relationships:<br /><ul><li>Information Exchange
  11. 11. Risk Gap
  12. 12. CM / Lawyers / Insurance</li></ul>Integrated Practice:<br /><ul><li>Shared Information
  13. 13. Shared Risk
  14. 14. Shared Reward</li></li></ul><li>Traditional Design<br />Ability<br />Changes<br />to<br />Design<br />control<br />of<br />Cost<br />cost<br />LITIGATION<br />PHASE<br />Design<br />Effort<br />Construction<br />CDs<br />DD<br />MacLeamy Curve<br />CEO HOK<br />Time<br />
  15. 15. INOVATIVE APPROACH TO DESIGN<br />Ability<br />to<br />control<br />cost<br />LITIGATION<br />PHASE<br />Changes<br />Design<br />of<br />Cost<br />Effort<br />LITIGATION<br />PHASE<br />Design<br />Construction<br />CDs<br />DD<br />MacLeamy Curve<br />CEO HOK<br />Time<br />
  16. 16. INOVATIVE APPROACH TO DESIGN<br />Ability<br />to<br />control<br />cost<br />LITIGATION<br />PHASE<br />Changes<br />Design<br />of<br />Cost<br />Effort<br />Design<br />Construction<br />CDs<br />DD<br />MacLeamy Curve<br />CEO HOK<br />Time<br />
  17. 17. LITTLE - BIM<br />Ability<br />to<br />control<br />cost<br />LITIGATION<br />PHASE<br />Changes<br />Design<br />of<br />Cost<br />Effort<br />Design<br />Construction<br />CDs<br />DD<br />Time<br />
  18. 18. …Addressing Client Challenges<br />Cost<br />value for money<br />Velocity <br />increased speed to market<br />Quality <br />decreased tolerance for error<br />Complexity <br />increased systems integration<br />Risk <br />decreased tolerance for uncertainty<br />
  19. 19. BIG - BIM<br />Building Information Modeling<br />Integrated Practice<br />
  20. 20. Some Definitions<br />BIM = Building Information Modeling<br />a model-based technology linked with a database<br />IP = INTEGRATED PRACTICE<br />Integrated Practice refers to the legal and business issues that surround the integration of the building industry. It includes productive teams guided by trust, transparent processes, effective collaboration, and information sharing. Team success is tied to project success, shared risk/reward, value-based decision-making, and full utilization of available technologies.<br />Little BIM ANY MODEL BASED TECHNOLOOGY<br /> Big BIM LITTLE BIM + IP<br />
  21. 21. BIG - BIM<br />Integrated<br />Practice<br />Practice<br />Today<br />Building Information Modeling<br />
  22. 22. O<br />O<br />C<br />C<br />T<br />Design<br />Build<br />Design Bid Build<br />A<br />A<br />O<br />O<br />O<br />BIM<br />C<br />C<br />A<br />A<br />C<br />IPD<br />T<br />BIM<br />A<br />T<br />PROJECT DELIVERY<br />Design Assist +<br />
  23. 23. BIM<br />DATA VS KNOWLEDGE<br />
  24. 24. Problem Seeking<br />
  25. 25. Problem Solving<br />
  26. 26. Analysis<br />
  27. 27. Synthesis<br />
  28. 28. Structuring data to identify emerging patterns<br />Functional Requirements<br />Regulatory<br />Requirements<br />Budgetary<br />Requirements<br />Aesthetic<br />Requirements<br />Site<br />Limitations<br />Sustainability<br />Requirements<br />Owner<br />Requirements<br />
  29. 29. Decision making with incomplete information<br />
  30. 30. Program of Needs<br />Building Systems<br />Exterior Enclosure<br />Program Requirements<br />Specialized support<br />Functional Needs<br />Flexibility<br />Time / Budget<br />Building organization<br /> Internal Neighborhoods<br />Activity Spaces<br />Growth<br />Changing technology<br />Quality & Environment<br />Site<br />Campus Core<br />Soils Conditions<br />Medical Staff<br />Patients<br />Family & Visitor<br />Aesthetics<br />Building systems<br />Image / character of building<br />Sustainability<br />Service to Users<br />Convenient Access<br />Attractive Welcoming<br />Value for $<br />
  31. 31. Energizing information with knowledge…..<br />
  32. 32. UniFormat Classification System<br />
  33. 33. Recognizing emerging patterns from data points…..<br />
  34. 34. Building Information Stewards and Knowledge Managers…..<br />
  35. 35. …..along with tools to manage and inform<br />
  36. 36. Balance<br />Functional Requirements<br />Regulatory<br />Requirements<br />Budgetary<br />Requirements<br />Balance<br />Aesthetic<br />Requirements<br />Site<br />Limitations<br />Sustainability<br />Requirements<br />Owner<br />Requirements<br />
  37. 37. Innovation <br />
  38. 38.
  39. 39. 3D Review<br />
  40. 40. 3D Printing<br />3DS<br />Max<br />Rhino<br />Maya<br />ADT<br />Inter-Operability<br />Ecotect<br />Sketch Up<br />Tekla<br />SIM<br />Gravity<br />BIM<br />4D<br />Navisworks<br />Wind<br />MIM<br />5D<br />PIM<br />BIN<br />EIM<br />IWMS<br />CAFM<br />LIMS<br />
  41. 41. Wide Area Network<br />Owner<br />Linked Revit Model<br />Synched Revit Model<br />Healthcare<br />ADT / Code Book<br />RevitADT<br />M/E/P Engineering<br />Revit Bldg Systems<br />Facility Manager<br />Archibus<br />IFC<br />Construct Services<br />MS Access<br />ODBC<br />Architecture<br />Revit Building<br />ACAD<br />OtherDatabase<br />ODBC<br />Details<br />BPD Library<br />Specifications<br />E-Specs<br />OtherCAD<br />ACADRevit<br />Structural Engineer<br />Revit Structural<br />Revit – 3D Studio<br />Web - XML<br />IFC<br />IFC<br />Energy Analysis<br />Green Bldg Studio<br />Contractor<br />Graphisoft<br />Code Compliance<br />(Research Only)<br />Visualization<br />3D Studio<br />Sub-Components of the Building Information Model<br />
  42. 42. BIMAdministrative and System Requirements<br />
  43. 43. BIM CASE STUDY<br />First Revit project was a justice project in April of 2007. The project team consisted of 4 people including the PA and 3 full time staff. The project included limited remodel of existing structures, a new support facility and three new housing units. Schematic design had already been completed and the Revit model was started in DDs including the training of the 4 person project team. CD’s were completed 1 year later<br /><ul><li>Subsequently used Revit on 2 major hospitals, 2 S&T labs, 2 large airport projects and several Interiors projects.
  44. 44. Nationwide, over 100 Revit projects.</li></ul>Revit Projects<br />
  45. 45. 100%<br />BIM TRAINING<br />“Tipping Point”<br />Projects<br />0%<br />Trained Revit Users<br />0%<br />65%<br />100%<br />
  46. 46. BIM Efficiency<br />A BIM model allows for:<br />questions to come up much earlier in the project<br />Detailed studies like sections or 3D views can be done early and often, to see how systems interact and work together (or not). <br />The drawing set can be coordinated throughout the design phases since Revit manages these automatically<br />Consultant models can be linked in to check for clashes<br />Disciplines can use the same elements on their respective models, All working in the same model<br />Schedules generated automatically, take advantage of more information to make more informed decision throughout the design.<br />
  47. 47. Software<br />Revit (an Autodesk product).<br />Parametric tools, 3D modeling were main considerations, central database, ease of use (as compared to Architectural Desktop). <br />Corporate mandate: “All Future Projects Starting in October 2007 Will Be Executed Using Revit”.<br />
  48. 48. Revit Environment<br />Best Revit Work Environment with today’s technology:<br />Single Office local area network (LAN) where users work off a local copy of a Revit model that is on the local server. <br />Consultant models are available from the same server.<br />
  49. 49. Network Access Speed<br />internet<br />1,000 Mbps (LAN)<br />10 Mbps <br />1.5 – 4.5 Mbps<br />45 Mbps (in progress)<br />Office 1<br />Office 3<br />Office 3<br />Office 2<br />Wireless = 54 Mbps (for comparison)<br />Note: typical model file size is between 100 MB to 250+MB. <br />
  50. 50. Revit Remote Access – 1<br />Remote Access:<br />Remote Desktop (RD) where a user controls a computer on the local area network (LAN) remotely to access the Revit files.<br />Pro – fast access<br />Con - each user outside of the LAN will need 2 computers – their own and another one on the LAN for remote control.<br />Home Office<br />Remote Office<br />Remote User at home<br />
  51. 51. Preferred Specifications<br /><ul><li>Windows XP Pro x64
  52. 52. Core 2 Duo 2.5 GHz
  53. 53. 8 GB RAM
  54. 54. Nvidia NVS 160M Video card with 256 memory
  55. 55. 24” monitor
  56. 56. 160 GB local hard drive</li></ul>Hardware Specs<br />Autodesk Recommended Specifications<br />Windows XP Pro (x32 or x64)<br />Core 2 Duo 2.4 GHz or equivalent<br />4 GB RAM<br />Video card – supports OpenGL spec 1.3<br />1280 x 1024 monitor<br />5 GB free disk space<br />
  57. 57. Revit Production Work<br />Project is separated into distinct manageable models – core and shell, interiors, site, buildings, etc…)<br />Revit work practice – editing the element instead of checking out the entire workset, saving to central often, checking review warnings, <br />Sitting team members together<br />Provide ‘instant messaging’ software for team members for quick communication<br />
  58. 58. Consultants<br />Use of Revit is relatively new and the application of Revit “use” varies quite a bit<br />Disciplines have to work much more closely and earlier in the project phase<br />Establish schedule for model exchanges<br />Determine who “owns” certain elements and when they release ownership of lements<br />One may have to edit an element family to accommodate needs of another discipline.<br />Clash detection tools<br />LEED, sustainability tools<br />
  59. 59. Revit Training<br />Train the Project – 5 day, live on-site with the project team, training on actual project work has been successful.<br />Virtual training – 5 half days of training done remotely by a vendor who is familiar with Revit work process.<br />Advanced – 3-5 Days live on-site or remote 1 day<br />Self-paced – Revit video clips and webcast, Revit for Interior Design. Revit Tutorials<br />
  60. 60. Deliverables<br />continue to produce 2D traditional document sets<br />A BIM set will usually include more 3D views and sections to better explain design intent.<br />
  61. 61. BIM<br />Added Values<br /><ul><li>Solar Studies
  62. 62. Energy Analysis
  63. 63. Wind Analysis
  64. 64. Building Material Studies
  65. 65. Code Analysis
  66. 66. Cost Analysis
  67. 67. Scheduling
  68. 68. Specifications
  69. 69. Fabrication and Construction
  70. 70. Life Cycle Information Management
  71. 71. Facilities Management </li></li></ul><li>Architectural Design<br />
  72. 72. Structural Design<br />
  73. 73. MEP Design<br />
  74. 74. Collaboration with Intelligent Objects<br />
  75. 75. Coordination and Clash Detection<br />
  76. 76. Coordination Review<br />
  77. 77. Product Research<br />
  78. 78. Specifications<br />
  79. 79. Cost Analysis<br />
  80. 80. Sustainable Design<br />
  82. 82. Energy Analysis<br />
  83. 83. Energy Analysis<br />
  84. 84.
  85. 85. Code Analysis<br />
  86. 86. Fabrication and Construction<br />
  87. 87. OWNERS<br />BUILDING<br />INFORMATION<br />modelling<br />CONTRACTORS<br />ARCHITECTS<br />STRUCTURAL<br />ENGINEERS<br />SERVICES<br />ENGINEERS<br />Life-cycle Information Management<br />
  88. 88. Facility Management<br />
  89. 89. 3D MODELING<br />
  90. 90.
  91. 91.
  92. 92.
  93. 93.
  94. 94.
  95. 95.
  96. 96.
  97. 97.
  98. 98.
  99. 99.
  100. 100. EVOLUTION<br />
  101. 101. The Kid: <br />Rel: <br />Jan 1921<br />Dir:<br />Charlie Chaplin<br />Prod:<br />Charlie Chaplin<br />Written By:<br />Charlie Chaplin<br />Music:<br />Charlie Chaplin<br />Cinema:<br />Charlie Chaplin (NC)<br />Starring:<br />Charlie Chaplin<br />
  102. 102. Grand Illusion: <br />Rel: <br />June 1937<br />Dir:<br />Jean Renoir<br />Prod:<br />Albert Pinkovitch<br />Frank Rollmer <br />Written By:<br />Jean Renoir<br />Music:<br />Emile Vuillermoz <br />Joseph Kosma<br />Cinema:<br />Christian Matras<br />Starring:<br />Jean Gabin<br />
  103. 103. The Matrix: <br />Rel: <br />March 1999 <br />Dir: <br />Andy Wachowski<br />Lana Wachowski<br />Prod:<br />Joel Silver<br />Written:<br />Wachowski brothers<br />Music:<br />Don Davis<br />Cinema:<br />Bill Pope<br />Starring:<br />Keanu Reeves<br />
  104. 104. Thank You for Attending!<br /> Any Questions?<br />Michael Fuller, CSI, CDT, AIA, LEEDap <br />Company: AWC|West<br />Phone: 213.700.0760<br />Email:<br />This concludes the American Institute of Architects <br />And CSI Continuing Education Systems Program.<br />