There are several misconceptions about listening. The first of these is listening and hearing are the same thing. Hearing is the physiological process of registering sound waves as they hit the eardrum. We have no control over what we hear. The sounds we hear have no meaning until we give them their meaning in context.Listening on the other hand is an active process that constructs meaning from both verbal and nonverbal messages.
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Listening is an interaction between speaker and listener. It adds action to a normally passive process. The speaker looks for verbal and nonverbal responses from the listener to determine if the message is being listened to.We depend on our memory to fill in the blanks when we're listening. Because everyone has different memories, the speaker and the listener may attach different meanings to the same statement . However, our memories are fallible and we can't remember everything that we've ever listened to . There are many reasons why we forget some information that we've received].The first is cramming.
Interrupting is a waste of time. It frustrates the speaker and limits full understanding of the message.Allow the speaker to finish each point before asking questions.Don't interrupt with counter arguments.
ACTIVE LISTENINGPrepared by: Youssef Swellam
AGENDA• Why do we listen• Difference between listening and hearing• How to become an active listener• Summary
WHY DO WE LISTEN• We listen to obtain information.• We listen to understand.• We listen for enjoyment.• We listen to learn.AND YOU THINK WE’D BE GOODAT IT !
PAY ATTENTION• Look at the speaker directly.• Put aside distracting thoughts.• Dont mentally prepare a battle!• Avoid being distracted by environmental factors.• "Listen" to the speakers body language.
SHOW THAT YOU ARE LISTENING • Nod occasionally. • Use facial expressions. • Note your posture and make sure it is open and inviting. • Encourage the speaker to continue with small verbal comments.
PROVIDE FEEDBACK Reflect what has been said by paraphrasing. Ask questions to clarify certain points. Summarize the speakers comments periodically.
RESPONDAPPROPRIATELY• Be candid, open, and honest in your response.• Assert your opinions respectfully.• Treat the other person in a way that you think he or she would want to be treated.
BREAK YOURHABITSRemind yourselffrequently that yourgoal is to truly hearwhat the other person issaying.
SUMMARY • How to be an active listener • Pay attention • Show that you are listening • Give feedback • Deferring judgments • Respond appropriately • Break habits
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