Or How to Control theBehavior of the People Around You Without Them Knowing It.
Why Teach?• Behaviorist schools are concerned w/ modification & shaping of students’ behavior by providing for a favorable environment, since they believe that they are a product of their environment. They are after students who exhibit desirable behavior in society.
Continuation…Behaviorist techniques have long been employed in education to promote behavior that is desirable and discourage that which is not.
What to Teach?• Behaviorists look at “people & other animals as a complex combinations of matter that act only in response to internally or externally or externally generated physical stimuli”, behaviorist teachers teach students to respond favorably to various stimuli in the environment.
How to Teach? • Behaviorist teachers “ought to arrange environmental conditions sothat students can make the responses to stimuli. Physical variables like light, temperature, arrangement of furniture, size & quantity of visual aids have to be controlled to get the desired responses of the learners.
Continuation…• Teachers ought to make the stimuli clear and interesting to capture & hold the learners’ attention. They ought provide appropriate incentives to reinforce positive responses & weaken or eliminate negative ones.”
John B. Watson:• In 1913, Watson published "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It."• Dubbed "Founder of Behaviorism" for view that psychology should be concerned only with the objective behavior
John B. Watson based on the belief that behaviors can be measured, trained, and changed.
B.F. Skinner:• Skinners approach was to create environments that resulted in new, learned behaviors
Skinner’s Theory• “All we need to know in order to describe and explain behavior is this: actions followed by good outcomes are likely to recur , and actions followed by bad outcomes are less likely to recur.” (Skinner, 1953)