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Facilitating Human Learning, Motivations and Drives

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Motivations and Drives

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Facilitating Human Learning, Motivations and Drives

  1. 1. GED 222 REPORT Submitted to: Prof. Jocelyn Bacasmot GED 222 9:00 – 10:00 AM Submitted by: Marvin B. Gonzaga Submission Date: Jan. 7, 2014
  2. 2. LESSON 25: THE PLACE OF MOTIVATION IN LEARNING
  3. 3. Objectives 1. Explain the role of motivation in learning. 2. Identify the aspects of motivation. 3. Show how motivation affects behavior. 4. Know the factors affecting motivation. 5. List the sequences of motivation. 6. Differentiate motives and drives. 7. Identify the types of motivation.
  4. 4. Motivation   refers to an internal state of arousal that often precedes behavior. linked with behavior.
  5. 5. Causes of motivation          Exercise Good nutrition Rewards Challenges Friendship Kindness Security Authority Independence    Pleasant environment Creative expression Meaning
  6. 6. Aspects of Motivation 1. Motivation takes place within the individual. 2. It is possible to treat the students in ways that will encourage them to develop the desire for learning. 3. It is impossible to present materials to be learned in ways that will make learning easier. 4. The potential learner’s motivation will automatically be directed toward his or her most pressing need at the moment.
  7. 7. Motivation and Behavior Arthur Schopenhauer – believed that to be motivated is to be moved into action. Example: If students study their lessons ahead of time, they will not cram on examination days.
  8. 8. Factors Affecting Motivation         Knowledge in a particular content area Beliefs about what the teacher expects Adolescents’ self-concept or perceived personal ability Anxiety and concern over grades Level of support in the classroom environment Difficulty and challenge of the task Social interactions Belief that learning is useful, meaningful, and of consequence to others
  9. 9. Abilities That Enhance Motivation 1. Manage the environment 2. Manage our own thoughts 3. Set goals 4. Maintain a healthy lifestyle 5. Make commitments 6. Monitor our behavior 7. Manage stress 8. Manage rewards
  10. 10. Sequence of Motivation Choice Instrumental Behavior Satisfaction or Dissatisfaction of a motive
  11. 11. Factors Affecting the Satisfaction of a Motive Factors affecting the satisfaction of a motive Physical properties of the goal Consummatory behavior Subjective feelings of individuals
  12. 12. Motives and Drives People are compelled to act in order to: 1. Increase pleasure and decrease painful experience. 2. Get innate physiological needs. 3. Compensate for innate drive.
  13. 13. Drives – motivation that is assumed to have a strong biological component and plays an important role in survival and reproduction. Examples : hunger, thirst, and fear Motives – urges that are mainly learned such as the need for achievement.
  14. 14. Types of Motivation Intrinsic motivation – comes from within the individual and the pleasure provided by work itself. Extrinsic motivation – comes from the pleasure of reward. Conscious motivation – deals with our awareness of such motivation. Unconscious motivation – our drives operate in an unconscious level.
  15. 15. END OF REPORT Thanks for listening!

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