Behaviorism

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Behaviorism

  1. 1. Operant ConditioningSocial Learning Theory Classical Conditioning
  2. 2. Key Points Key People In The My ViewsClassroom Flashcard review
  3. 3. Next Stimulated by a person’s environment Prediction and control of human behavior Introspection/independent thinking form no essential part of its methods.
  4. 4. Next Behavior can be studied and observed Main practices in behaviorism: › Classical Conditioning › Operant Conditioning › Social Learning Theory
  5. 5. Next Two stimuli are presented in close succession repeatedly The response given to one becomes associated with the other
  6. 6. Next Operant Conditioning › Behavior modification due to consequences inflicted Types of Operant Conditioning › Reinforcement - behavior is strengthened; more likely to happen again › Positive Reinforcement – following behavior with a pleasant stimulus › Negative Reinforcement - takes away a negative stimulus
  7. 7. Back to Menu Observes others within: › Social interactions, experiences, and media Behavioral Factors › Skills, practice, self-efficacy Cognitive Factors › Knowledge, expectations, attitudes Environmental Factors › Social norms, access in community, influence on others
  8. 8. Next Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) – Pavlov’s Dogs B.F. Skinner (1904-1990) – Skinner Box Albert Bandura (1925- now) – Bobo Doll Experiment
  9. 9. Back to Menu Originally wanted to study digestion Eventually taught dogs to salivate when he rang a bell › Rang bell, provided stimulus (food), and achieved desired reflex (salivation) › Dogs started to associate bell sound with food and began to salivate without food being presented Behaviorists saw human applications in his work
  10. 10. Next Rewards for students behaving correctly Punishment for students behaving incorrectly Students eventually don’t need rewards/punishments Detailed schedules for days and weeks
  11. 11. Back to Menu Student learn how to behave in the classroom Students help each other › Group work, behaving correctly Group project and project presentation
  12. 12. Next If a student is behaving correctly they will be rewarded Or, it will be recognized and announced to the class Other students will see and learn that if they behave the end results will be great!
  13. 13. Back to Menu If a student is misbehaving they will be punished › Time out, something taken away Or, they will be verbally reprimanded › Note in agenda, sent to principal, call to parents Other students will see this and change their behaviors so they don’t get into trouble
  14. 14. Back to Menu Once you review, take the quiz or do a different activity to see how much you remember. Good luck!

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