Operant ConditioningSocial Learning Theory Classical Conditioning
Key Points Key People In The My ViewsClassroom Flashcard review
Next Stimulated by a person’s environment Prediction and control of human behavior Introspection/independent thinking form no essential part of its methods.
Next Behavior can be studied and observed Main practices in behaviorism: › Classical Conditioning › Operant Conditioning › Social Learning Theory
Next Two stimuli are presented in close succession repeatedly The response given to one becomes associated with the other
Next Operant Conditioning › Behavior modification due to consequences inflicted Types of Operant Conditioning › Reinforcement - behavior is strengthened; more likely to happen again › Positive Reinforcement – following behavior with a pleasant stimulus › Negative Reinforcement - takes away a negative stimulus
Back to Menu Observes others within: › Social interactions, experiences, and media Behavioral Factors › Skills, practice, self-efficacy Cognitive Factors › Knowledge, expectations, attitudes Environmental Factors › Social norms, access in community, influence on others
Back to Menu Originally wanted to study digestion Eventually taught dogs to salivate when he rang a bell › Rang bell, provided stimulus (food), and achieved desired reflex (salivation) › Dogs started to associate bell sound with food and began to salivate without food being presented Behaviorists saw human applications in his work
Next Rewards for students behaving correctly Punishment for students behaving incorrectly Students eventually don’t need rewards/punishments Detailed schedules for days and weeks
Back to Menu Student learn how to behave in the classroom Students help each other › Group work, behaving correctly Group project and project presentation
Next If a student is behaving correctly they will be rewarded Or, it will be recognized and announced to the class Other students will see and learn that if they behave the end results will be great!
Back to Menu If a student is misbehaving they will be punished › Time out, something taken away Or, they will be verbally reprimanded › Note in agenda, sent to principal, call to parents Other students will see this and change their behaviors so they don’t get into trouble
Back to Menu Once you review, take the quiz or do a different activity to see how much you remember. Good luck!