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Effective Teaching And Behavioral Modification

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Tried to cover main topics in Effective teaching + Behavioral Modification

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Effective Teaching And Behavioral Modification

  1. 1. By: Mahum Azhaar Omaima Choudhry Pakeeza Arif Shahtaj Shakir Wajeeha Ghani
  2. 2.   Qualities of Effective Teaching  Behaviour Modification  Coping with Undesirable behavior  Preventions Contents to be Followed
  3. 3.   Who are effective teachers?  What is Effective teaching?  What are the qualities of Effective teaching? Qualities Of Effective Teachers
  4. 4.   Effective teaching focused on the personal qualities of the teachers themselves. Researches revealed that these teacher’s characteristics include; Knowledge, Warmth, and Clarity Qualities Of Effective Teachers
  5. 5.  1.Teacher’s Knowledge... Effective teachers know how to transform their knowledge into examples, explanations , illustrations and activities.
  6. 6.  They make the content clear .  They have more confidence in their teaching material Plus points:
  7. 7.  Continued.. • Their students score good in test.
  8. 8.  BUT what if the teacher does not have that much knowledge about their material?  Their students will have vague concepts .  Low test scores.
  9. 9.   Organize your lessons carefully.  Strive for clear explanation.  Provide objectives that help students focus on the purpose of the lesson.  break the presentation into clear steps. 2.Clarity and Organization
  10. 10.   Don’t make assumptions about what students know.  Ask students to test their understanding.  Summarize key points Continued..
  11. 11.  3. Enthusiasm and Warmth
  12. 12.   Communicate your day’s lesson with enthusiasm.  Eye contact  vary your pace and volume in speaking.  Tell your students why the lesson is important Continued..
  13. 13.   Review and check previous work.  Present new material. Make the purpose clear ,teach in small steps and provide many examples.  Provide guided practice. For examples : * Students practice reading or writing with the help of the teacher *Reading out loud.  Give feedback.  Provide Independent Practice.  Review weekly and monthly consolidate learning. Rosenshine’s 6 Teaching Functions ?
  14. 14.  Why direct instructions work more for the younger students?
  15. 15.  Task#1: Activities  Task#2: Demonstration of what is Behavior, Punishment , Reinforcement and Behavior Change.  Task#3: Introduction to Behavior Modification  Task#4: Methods for Encouraging Behaviors Things to cover up!
  16. 16.   Simon Says and Sits and Stands Activities
  17. 17.  TRIGGER RESPONSE REACTION Behavior • Reaction can be negative and positive  Negative leads to Punishment  Positive leads to Reinforcement
  18. 18. Behavior Reinforcement Strengthened behavior Behavior Punishment Weakened behavior Reinforcement: Punishment:
  19. 19.  Discrimination:
  20. 20. Cueing Prompting Example: Eye glance
  21. 21. • MODEL • REINFORCER • STRENGTHENED BEHAVIOR REINFORCER Behavior Modification
  22. 22. examples
  23. 23.  1.)Reinforcing with Teacher Attention  Praise and ignore approach  Name call out  Eye contact Methods For Encouraging
  24. 24. 2.) Selecting Reinforcer  Ask what the student likes  Bring your fav toy  Balloon day  Animal day  Color day  Identify what activities they like to do in class.
  25. 25. Types of Reinforcers Concrete rewards: Certificates, medals, prizes
  26. 26. Activity rewards
  27. 27. Types of Punishment
  28. 28.  Shaping with respect to Token Economy
  29. 29.   Response cost  Reprimands  Importance of non-verbal cues  Some Cautions  Task#5: Video Demonstration Coping with Undesirable behavior through techniques of:
  30. 30.   It’s a "toll" or "fine" imposed in response to the student's display of "bad" behavior. A penalty is assessed for his/her having shown inappropriate behavior.  If you were to take away a point/token/raison/raffle ticket/candy piece away from a youngster's collection because of a rude remark or failure to stay on task, that would be response cost (a cost that is imposed for that response). Response Cost
  31. 31.   It's always best to have kids earn points (and be denied more if they misbehave...with accompanying encouragement in which you state your belief that they can do better), rather than giving them points for having done nothing (and then removing them when kids misbehave). Continued..
  32. 32.  Continued.. Elementary Secondary Formal warning/reminder Formal warning/reminder Loss of 5 min. of recess 20 sec. of hallway passing Loss of 10 min. of recess 1 min. of hallway passing Loss of 20 min. of recess 2 min. of hallway passing Loss of all of recess 3 min. of hallway passing Telephone call to home Referral to office Detention
  33. 33.  Reprimands A reprimand is a verbal technique that is used to reduce inappropriate behavior. Broadly defined, reprimands include any attempt to decrease behavior through verbal means, such as talking, lecturing, pleading, yelling, reasoning, or threatening
  34. 34.  Types of reprimands  Immediated v/s delayed reprimands.  Soft private v/s loud reprimands
  35. 35.   Smile  Eye contact  Gesture  Posture  Voice and vocalization Nonverbal cues
  36. 36.   Two Step Action Some Cautions Carry out the punishment and suppress the undesirable behavior Clear what the student should be doing instead and to provide reinforcement for those desirable actions.
  37. 37.  video..
  38. 38.   Understanding students  Be aware  Some rules  Keep your schedule Preventions
  39. 39.  Undesired behaviours..
  40. 40.   Build trusting and strong relationship with students.  Reflect your intentions through nonverbal communication. Understand Your Students
  41. 41.   Being mindful of Precipitating Factors and early warning signs helps you focus on prevention. Example: seat the child away from her friends. Be Aware
  42. 42.   Keep to a few rules and make sure that they’re clear, simple, and positive.  Guidelines include: • Three to eight rules • Focus on the positive • Understandable, reasonable, and attainable goals •charts Posted in classroom • Student involvement • Consistency with school rules • Support of effective learning principles Set some rules
  43. 43.   Follow your timeline  The more organized you are, the more opportunity there is to focus on teaching and learning. Keep to the Schedule You Set
  44. 44. Gracias!! 

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