Submittedby:zunaira arShad
   Skinner essentailly a    behaviourist ,that,s why    he present behaviourst    approach theory in 1913.
   Learning:                 A relatively permanent     change in behavior or knowledge     due to experience.
   It’s the observation of behaviour,it is only a    way to study the behaviour of a    person……………….
   Classical conditioning   Operant conditioning
   Is the type of behaviourist    learning in which association are    established between automatic    emotional or psyc...
   Is a method of learning that occures through    rewards and punishments for behaviours    through operant conditioning...
The major theorists for the development of operant conditioning are: Edward    Thorndike   John Watson B.F.   Skinner
 Neutral operants: responses from the environment  that neither increase nor decrease the probability  of a behavior bein...
Punishers: Response from the environment that decrease the likelihood of a behavior being repeated. Punishment weakens beh...
   Positive reinforcement   negative reinforcement
Positive reinforcement        Negative reinforcement   A reward is                 Something    given for the           ...
   Clearly specify the action or performance    the student is to learn to do.   Break down the task into small achievab...
   Markle, S. (1969). Good Frames and Bad (2nd    ed.). New York: Wiley.   Skinner, B.F. (1950). Are theories of learnin...
   Fodor, JA; Bever, TG; & Garrett, MF. (1975)    The Psychology of Language: An Introduction    to Psycholinguistics and...
skineer theory
skineer theory
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skineer theory

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skineer theory

  1. 1. Submittedby:zunaira arShad
  2. 2.  Skinner essentailly a behaviourist ,that,s why he present behaviourst approach theory in 1913.
  3. 3.  Learning: A relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge due to experience.
  4. 4.  It’s the observation of behaviour,it is only a way to study the behaviour of a person……………….
  5. 5.  Classical conditioning Operant conditioning
  6. 6.  Is the type of behaviourist learning in which association are established between automatic emotional or psychological response and stimuli.
  7. 7.  Is a method of learning that occures through rewards and punishments for behaviours through operant conditioning an association is made b/w behaviour and and a consequence for that behaviour.
  8. 8. The major theorists for the development of operant conditioning are: Edward Thorndike John Watson B.F. Skinner
  9. 9.  Neutral operants: responses from the environment that neither increase nor decrease the probability of a behavior being repeated. Reinforcers: Responses from the environment that increase the probability of a behavior being repeated. Reinforcers can be either positive or negative.
  10. 10. Punishers: Response from the environment that decrease the likelihood of a behavior being repeated. Punishment weakens behavior
  11. 11.  Positive reinforcement negative reinforcement
  12. 12. Positive reinforcement Negative reinforcement A reward is  Something given for the undesireable as desireable taken away as a change concequences of desireable behaviour
  13. 13.  Clearly specify the action or performance the student is to learn to do. Break down the task into small achievable steps, going from simple to complex. Let the student perform each step, reinforcing correct actions. Adjust so that the student is always successful until finally the goal is reached. Transfer to intermittent reinforcement to maintain the students performance
  14. 14.  Markle, S. (1969). Good Frames and Bad (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley. Skinner, B.F. (1950). Are theories of learning necessary? Psychological Review, 57(4), 193- 216. Skinner, B.F. (1953). Science and Human Behavior. New York: Macmillan.
  15. 15.  Fodor, JA; Bever, TG; & Garrett, MF. (1975) The Psychology of Language: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics and Generative Grammar. New York: McGraw-Hill. Lana, Robert E. The cognitive approach to language and thought. Journal of Mind & Behavior. Vol 23(1-2) Win-Spr 2002, 51-67. Inst of Mind & Behavior, US 

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