Open education policy in WA


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Open education policy in WA

  1. 1. Open Education Policy in Washington State Tom Caswell Open Education Program Manager WA State Board for Community & Technical Colleges         This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License .
  2. 2. “ Aikido is performed by blending with the motion of the attacker and redirecting the force of the attack rather than opposing it head-on.” -Wikipedia <ul><li>Open Education “Aikido” in WA State </li></ul>Photo credit: Magyar Balázs (CC-BY-SA)
  3. 3. <ul><li>Musical Chairs </li></ul>Photo credit: jamesfleeting (CC-BY-NC-SA)
  4. 4. <ul><li>Preaching To The Choir </li></ul>Photo credit: Vancouver 125 (CC-BY)
  5. 5. <ul><li>Textbook costs </li></ul><ul><li>Time to degree </li></ul><ul><li>Student completion rates </li></ul><ul><li>Adjunct faculty turnover </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenges  Opportunities </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Legislative Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Student Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Governance Structures </li></ul><ul><li>OCWC Toolkit </li></ul><ul><li>( toolkit ) </li></ul><ul><li>What’s in your toolbox? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Our Policy Toolbox </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><ul><ul><li>English Composition I </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>47,000+ enrollments / yr </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>x $100 textbook </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>= $4.7 + Million </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>every year </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>What if all state funded educational content was open access?  </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of efficiencies could higher education yield? </li></ul><ul><li>Simple idea: public access to publicly funded educational materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Open access </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Build on existing goals: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase access and completion… </li></ul><ul><li>Where to begin? </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Build on existing goals: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase access and completion… </li></ul><ul><li>… by providing high quality, affordable, openly licensed educational resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Where to begin? </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Build on existing success: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WA CTCs have a history of sharing content through system courses and “pooling” enrollments. </li></ul></ul>History of Sharing
  12. 13. <ul><li>Look for policy opportunities: </li></ul><ul><li>“ But using open educational resources – and contributing to them – requires significant change in the culture of higher education. It requires thinking about content as a common resource that raises all boats when shared (p.11).” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http :// </li></ul></ul>Strategic Technology Plan
  13. 14. <ul><li>Partner with Legislators who care about: </li></ul><ul><li>efficient use of state tax $ </li></ul><ul><li>saving students money </li></ul>Legislative Strategy
  14. 15. <ul><li>SSHB1025 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Faculty consider the least costly practices in assigning course materials, such as adopting the least expensive edition available, adopting free, open textbooks when available, and working with college librarians to put together collections of free online web and library resources, when educational content is comparable as determined by the faculty…” </li></ul>WA Legislation
  15. 16. <ul><li>SSHB1946 – two big ideas – share technology and share content. </li></ul><ul><li>(v) Methods and open licensing options for effectively sharing digital content including but not limited to: Open courseware, open textbooks, open journals, and open learning objects… </li></ul>WA Legislation
  16. 17. <ul><li>WA CTC Student Voice Academy </li></ul><ul><li>Issue: Cutting Textbook Costs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The high cost of textbooks is a burden to students….” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Top student concern three years running </li></ul></ul>Student Advocacy
  17. 18. <ul><li>All digital software, educational resources, and knowledge produced through competitive grants, offered through and/or managed by the SBCTC, will carry a Creative Commons Attribution License. </li></ul><ul><li>New State Board “Open” Policy </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Open Course Library </li></ul><ul><li>Goals of the Open Course Library: </li></ul><ul><li>Design 81 high-enrolling courses using OER materials </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and help fill OER content gaps </li></ul><ul><li>Lower textbook costs (<$30) </li></ul><ul><li>Increase course completion rates </li></ul><ul><li>Engage 100+ college faculty in the global OER discussion </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>OCL by the numbers: </li></ul><ul><li>81 courses = 411,133 enrollments / year </li></ul><ul><li>411,133 enrollments x $100 textbook = $41M+ in textbook costs / student debt per year </li></ul><ul><li>If courses are adopted by 25% of the sections in the system, the savings to students will be $7.2M per year. </li></ul><ul><li>Open Course Library </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>So What’s Next? </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>What are the kinds of decisions that will lead us to optimal use of technologies, content and talent to support student achievement for all Washingtonians? </li></ul><ul><li>Future Directions </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>What would happen to the quality of curriculum if all system digital content was shared and course (re)design was data driven? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we use technologies and shared content to significantly increase completion rates? </li></ul><ul><li>Future Directions </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Our system has strong governance structures in place to engage these big questions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidents (commissions / councils </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trustees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty Associations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How can the system work together to successfully pursue appropriate changes? </li></ul><ul><li>Leveraging Governance </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Data-Driven Design </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>Adopting “Open” </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Carnegie Mellon </li></ul><ul><li>Open Learning Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>OLI students completed course in half the time with half the number of in-person meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerated learning study (Statistics):33% more content, learning gain in standardized test 13% OLI vs 2% in traditional face-to-face class. </li></ul><ul><li>OLI Online vs. traditional. OLI 99% completion rate vs 41% completion rate traditional. </li></ul><ul><li>Future Directions - OLI </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Statistics OLI-CC Pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Offer system faculty stipends for 3 quarters </li></ul><ul><li>Must teach OLI stats to participate </li></ul><ul><li>Compare baseline data with OLI data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Completion rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning gains </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Future Directions - OLI </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>Rule #1: </li></ul><ul><li>With faculty, always invite </li></ul><ul><li>never mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Rule #1 </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>Driving Open Textbook Adoptions </li></ul><ul><li>If we had free, openly licensed textbooks, how much money would we save students and state financial aid? </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio model: System purchase of licenses to Flat World Knowledge low-cost, open textbooks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No expiration (no time bombs) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Future Directions – Open Textbooks </li></ul>
  29. 30. Questions? Tom Caswell Open Education Program Manager WA State Board for Community & Technical Colleges [email_address] twitter: tom4cam blog:         This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License .