How Digital, Networked Technologies and SharingChanges Education Dr. Cable GreenDirector of eLearning &Open EducationSBCTC...
Let’s talk about the big trends & how to prepare for inevitable change&how Centralia can think in new ways to leverage dig...
Trends: Yes… we really are networked…<br />seamless connection of people, resources & knowledge<br />digitization of conte...
Trends: Connected<br />
Trends: Data … lots of Data<br />"According to an IBM study, in 2010, the amount of digital information in the world will ...
Trends: Digital Economics<br />Text<br />
Trends: Data Visualization<br />
Trends: New types of interactions…<br />
Students experience these Trends<br />And they want services like this:<br />Backup<br />
So how do we prepare students for jobs that don’t yet exist, using technologies that haven’t been invented, to solve probl...
(1) Engage Participatory<br />“Web 2.0”<br />Tools & Practices<br />
RSS<br />Play with:<br />
Social Networking<br />Play with:<br />
Play with:<br />flickr.com <br />
Play with:<br />
Play with:<br />
Share Video<br />Play with:<br />
Blog<br />Play with:<br />
Play with:<br />
System-wide tools, services, professional development<br />Tegrity<br />ANGEL<br />24 / 7 Help Desk<br />Elluminate<br />w...
Second Life Archipelago<br />
(2) eLearning<br />Why call it “eLearning?”<br />
“Distance” is about geographic separation.<br />“eLearning” is about leveraging the unique affordances of digital, network...
Going to Web and Mobile<br />
eLearning Growth …last 12 months<br />eLearning up 31%<br />increase of 7,307 FTEs to…<br />30,911 state FTES  (“5 ½ Colle...
eLearning Growth …last 12 months<br />Online learning is the most popular form of eLearning, comprising 65 percent. <br />...
eLearning Growth …last 12 months<br />
eLearning Growth<br />45% of all CTC graduates earn 15 or more credits online or hybrid<br />23 colleges offer 86 differen...
Why does this growth matter?<br />
HECB Master Plan<br />Educate More Citizens<br />Raise educational attainment to create prosperity, opportunity <br /><ul>...
By 2018, raise mid-level degrees and certificates to 36,200 annually, an increase of 9,400 degrees annually.</li></li></ul...
Shifting our Thinking…<br />Old: eLearning as delivery mechanism<br />New: eLearning as learning effectiveness strategy<br />
(3) Open Educational Resources<br />
We  have…<br />
a problem...<br />
Text<br />Global Trends<br />
Global Trends<br />
Global Trends<br />
English Composition I<br /> 47,000+ enrollments / year<br /> x $100 textbook<br /> = $4.7+ Million every year<br />
The Old Economics<br />Print, warehouse, and ship a new book for every student<br />
The New Economics<br />Upload one copy, and everyone uses it simultaneously<br />Making copies, storage, distribution of d...
Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflat...
Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />The College Board reported that for the 2007 through 2008 academic years each student ...
Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />The gross margin on new college textbooks is currently 22.7 percent according to the N...
May, 2007: Dept of Ed.<br />
Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />http://www.maketextbooksaffordable.org/course_correction.pdf<br />
Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />http://www.studentpirgs.org/uploads/43/99/4399cfd2d96b17bcca8ef8041bd160b4/A-Cover-To-...
WA CTC 2009 Student Voice Academy<br />(1) CUTTING TEXTBOOK COSTS<br />“The high cost of textbooks is a burden to students...
Why is “Open” Important?<br />When we cooperate and share, we all win<br />Faculty have new choices when building learning...
DOE: Definition of OER<br />Open educational resources (OER) means teaching, learning, and research resources that reside ...
(a few) Open Content Repositories<br />OpenLearn (UK)<br />OCW – MIT   (MIT HS)<br />China Open Resources for Education ha...
Open Education Goal: increase access and completion by providing high quality, affordable, openly licensed educational res...
http://techplan.sbctc.edu<br />“We will cultivate the culture and <br />practice of using and contributing to <br />open e...
But using open educational resources – and contributing to them – requires significant change in the culture of higher edu...
Open Course Library<br />designing and sharing 81 high enrollment, gatekeeper courses<br />for face-to-face, hybrid and/or...
81 courses = 411,133 enrollments / year<br />411,133 enrollments x $100 textbook = $41M+ in textbook costs / student debt ...
All digital software, educational resources and knowledge produced through competitive grants, offered through and/or mana...
All of this has positioned our system well to vision and compete for:<br />Open Education Leadership<br />
The US DOE and DOL will provide $2 Billion (over 4 years) for open educational training and education programs at communit...
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation recently launched a “Next Gen Learning Challenges” grant:http://www.nextgenlearning....
What are the kinds of decisions that will lead us to optimal use of technologies, content and talent to support student ac...
Our system has strong structures in place to engage these big questions.<br />WACTC (commissions / councils), TACTC, SBCTC...
What would happen to the quality of curriculum if all system digital content was shared and course (re)design was data dri...
Pilot Carnegie Mellon Open Learning Initiative courses… (article)<br />Cost to Colleges / Students = $0<br />Questions<br />
OLI Research Results:<br />OLI students completed course in half the time with half the number of in-person meetings<br />...
If we had free, openly licensed textbooks, how much money would we save students and state financial aid?<br />see Califor...
What if all state funded educational content was open access?  <br />What kind of efficiencies could higher education yiel...
Hey Higher Education!<br />We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content<br />move to: "pr...
NEW HE Models are En Route<br />
What Happens if we Don’t Change?<br />Harder to catch-up …<br />Or even understand.<br />Google, Amazon, Open Source,<br /...
What do you think?<br />
Dr. Cable GreenDirector of eLearning & Open EducationSBCTC360-704-4334cgreen@sbctc.edutwitter: cgreenblog.oer.sbctc.edu<br />
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Centralia (10-8-10)

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Centralia (10-8-10)

  1. 1. How Digital, Networked Technologies and SharingChanges Education Dr. Cable GreenDirector of eLearning &Open EducationSBCTC<br />
  2. 2. Let’s talk about the big trends & how to prepare for inevitable change&how Centralia can think in new ways to leverage digital, networked technologies…<br />
  3. 3. Trends: Yes… we really are networked…<br />seamless connection of people, resources & knowledge<br />digitization of content<br />mobile, personal<br />global platform for collaboration<br />outsourcing<br />Anyone notice our globaleconomy?<br />
  4. 4. Trends: Connected<br />
  5. 5. Trends: Data … lots of Data<br />"According to an IBM study, in 2010, the amount of digital information in the world will double every 11 hours."<br />
  6. 6. Trends: Digital Economics<br />Text<br />
  7. 7. Trends: Data Visualization<br />
  8. 8. Trends: New types of interactions…<br />
  9. 9. Students experience these Trends<br />And they want services like this:<br />Backup<br />
  10. 10. So how do we prepare students for jobs that don’t yet exist, using technologies that haven’t been invented, to solve problems we don’t even know are problems yet?<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHWTLA8WecI<br />
  11. 11. (1) Engage Participatory<br />“Web 2.0”<br />Tools & Practices<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. RSS<br />Play with:<br />
  14. 14. Social Networking<br />Play with:<br />
  15. 15. Play with:<br />flickr.com <br />
  16. 16. Play with:<br />
  17. 17. Play with:<br />
  18. 18. Share Video<br />Play with:<br />
  19. 19. Blog<br />Play with:<br />
  20. 20. Play with:<br />
  21. 21. System-wide tools, services, professional development<br />Tegrity<br />ANGEL<br />24 / 7 Help Desk<br />Elluminate<br />webinars, online meetings, office hours, study groups<br />24 / 7 Library Reference<br />NW eTutoring Consortium <br />Streaming Media Server<br />Professional Development<br />SLOAN, Quality Matters<br />
  22. 22. Second Life Archipelago<br />
  23. 23. (2) eLearning<br />Why call it “eLearning?”<br />
  24. 24. “Distance” is about geographic separation.<br />“eLearning” is about leveraging the unique affordances of digital, networked technologies to support new ways of learning in new spaces.<br />Online, Hybrid, Enhanced<br />
  25. 25. Going to Web and Mobile<br />
  26. 26. eLearning Growth …last 12 months<br />eLearning up 31%<br />increase of 7,307 FTEs to…<br />30,911 state FTES (“5 ½ Colleges”)<br />All funding sources, all eLearning = 37,110 FTEs<br />Of all state funded FTE growth: <br />58% of the growth was eLearning<br />eLearning is now 19% of all state funded instructional activity<br />
  27. 27. eLearning Growth …last 12 months<br />Online learning is the most popular form of eLearning, comprising 65 percent. <br />up 3,276 state FTES: 20%<br />Hybrid courses (online + face-to-face) are growing rapidly. <br />up 3,504 state FTES: 67% <br />
  28. 28. eLearning Growth …last 12 months<br />
  29. 29. eLearning Growth<br />45% of all CTC graduates earn 15 or more credits online or hybrid<br />23 colleges offer 86 different degrees and certificates online<br />16 colleges offer an AA degree online<br />
  30. 30. Why does this growth matter?<br />
  31. 31. HECB Master Plan<br />Educate More Citizens<br />Raise educational attainment to create prosperity, opportunity <br /><ul><li>Policy Goal: Increase the total number of degrees and certificates…
  32. 32. By 2018, raise mid-level degrees and certificates to 36,200 annually, an increase of 9,400 degrees annually.</li></li></ul><li>2.2M round trips avoided<br />= reduced traffic congestion<br />3.3M gallons of gas saved<br />64.4M pounds of CO2 not in the air<br />32<br />Gas / Trips / CO2 Savings<br />http://www.fhcrc.org/about/pubs/center_news/weekly/img/2007_0806_i5_traffic.jpg<br />
  33. 33. Shifting our Thinking…<br />Old: eLearning as delivery mechanism<br />New: eLearning as learning effectiveness strategy<br />
  34. 34. (3) Open Educational Resources<br />
  35. 35. We have…<br />
  36. 36. a problem...<br />
  37. 37. Text<br />Global Trends<br />
  38. 38. Global Trends<br />
  39. 39. Global Trends<br />
  40. 40. English Composition I<br /> 47,000+ enrollments / year<br /> x $100 textbook<br /> = $4.7+ Million every year<br />
  41. 41. The Old Economics<br />Print, warehouse, and ship a new book for every student<br />
  42. 42. The New Economics<br />Upload one copy, and everyone uses it simultaneously<br />Making copies, storage, distribution of digital stuff = “Free”<br />
  43. 43. Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades<br />http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05806.pdf<br />
  44. 44. Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />The College Board reported that for the 2007 through 2008 academic years each student spent an estimated $805 to $1,229 on college books and supplies…<br />http://www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/about/news_info/trends/trends_pricing_07.pdf<br />
  45. 45. Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />The gross margin on new college textbooks is currently 22.7 percent according to the National Association of College Stores.<br />http://www.nacs.org/public/research/margins.asp<br />
  46. 46.
  47. 47. May, 2007: Dept of Ed.<br />
  48. 48.
  49. 49. Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />http://www.maketextbooksaffordable.org/course_correction.pdf<br />
  50. 50. Why do we Need Open Textbooks?<br />http://www.studentpirgs.org/uploads/43/99/4399cfd2d96b17bcca8ef8041bd160b4/A-Cover-To-Cover-Solution.pdf<br />
  51. 51. WA CTC 2009 Student Voice Academy<br />(1) CUTTING TEXTBOOK COSTS<br />“The high cost of textbooks is a burden to students….”<br />Top Issue three years running….<br />51<br />Student Advocacy<br />
  52. 52.
  53. 53.
  54. 54.
  55. 55. Why is “Open” Important?<br />When we cooperate and share, we all win<br />Faculty have new choices when building learning spaces.<br />…the more eyes on a problem, the greater chance for a solution.<br />Affordability: students can’t afford textbooks<br />Self-interest: good things happen when I share<br />It’s a social justice issue: everyone should have the right to access digital knowledge.<br />
  56. 56. DOE: Definition of OER<br />Open educational resources (OER) means teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or repurposingby others.<br />
  57. 57. (a few) Open Content Repositories<br />OpenLearn (UK)<br />OCW – MIT (MIT HS)<br />China Open Resources for Education has translated 109 MIT OCW courses into Simplified Chinese.<br />Rice Connexions<br />
  58. 58.
  59. 59.
  60. 60.
  61. 61. Open Education Goal: increase access and completion by providing high quality, affordable, openly licensed educational resources.<br />Good news: our system is a national leader in community and technical college open education … <br />Open Education<br />
  62. 62. http://techplan.sbctc.edu<br />“We will cultivate the culture and <br />practice of using and contributing to <br />open educational resources.”<br />
  63. 63. But using open educational resources – and contributing to them – requires significant change in the culture of higher education.It requires thinking about content as a common resource that raises all boats when shared. (p.11)<br />
  64. 64. Open Course Library<br />designing and sharing 81 high enrollment, gatekeeper courses<br />for face-to-face, hybrid and/or online delivery<br />to improve course completion rates<br />lower textbook costs for students (<$30)<br />provide new resources for faculty to use in their courses<br />for our college system to fully engage the global open educational resources discussion. <br />Open Education<br />
  65. 65. 81 courses = 411,133 enrollments / year<br />411,133 enrollments x $100 textbook = $41M+ in textbook costs / student debt per year<br />Limit on textbook costs in redesigned courses is $30.  <br />If courses are adopted by 25% of the sections in the system (faculty decision), the savings to students will be $7.2M per year. <br />Savings increase with increased adoptions and/or when courses use free, open textbooks.<br />Open Education<br />
  66. 66. All digital software, educational resources and knowledge produced through competitive grants, offered through and/or managed by the SBCTC, will carry a Creative Commons Attribution License. <br />New State Board “Open” Policy<br />
  67. 67. All of this has positioned our system well to vision and compete for:<br />Open Education Leadership<br />
  68. 68. The US DOE and DOL will provide $2 Billion (over 4 years) for open educational training and education programs at community colleges.<br />$2.5M+ per grant<br />Open Education<br />
  69. 69. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation recently launched a “Next Gen Learning Challenges” grant:http://www.nextgenlearning.com<br />$500K - $1.5M per grant<br />SBCTC was invited to help write the grant… and will be applying for and assisting college applications when the grants are released: Fall 2010.<br />Open Education<br />
  70. 70.
  71. 71. What are the kinds of decisions that will lead us to optimal use of technologies, content and talent to support student achievement for all Washingtonians?<br />So what’s next?<br />
  72. 72. Our system has strong structures in place to engage these big questions.<br />WACTC (commissions / councils), TACTC, SBCTC, FACTC<br />How can the system work together to successfully pursue appropriate changes?<br />So what’s next?<br />
  73. 73. What would happen to the quality of curriculum if all system digital content was shared and course (re)design was data driven?<br />How can we use technologies and shared content to significantly increase completion rates?<br />Questions<br />
  74. 74. Pilot Carnegie Mellon Open Learning Initiative courses… (article)<br />Cost to Colleges / Students = $0<br />Questions<br />
  75. 75. OLI Research Results:<br />OLI students completed course in half the time with half the number of in-person meetings<br />Accelerated learning study (Statistics): 33% more content, learning gain in standardized test 13% OLI vs 2% in traditional face-to-face class.<br />OLI Online vs. traditional. OLI 99% completion rate vs 41% completion rate traditional.<br />Questions<br />
  76. 76. If we had free, openly licensed textbooks, how much money would we save students and state financial aid?<br />see California Governor's moves in free, open K-12 textbooks<br />Questions<br />
  77. 77. What if all state funded educational content was open access?  <br />What kind of efficiencies could higher education yield? <br />Simple idea: public access to publicly funded educational materials. <br />NIH & DOE are leading the federal government to do just that.<br />Questions<br />
  78. 78. Hey Higher Education!<br />We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content<br />move to: "proudly borrowed from there"<br />Content is not a strategic advantage<br />Nor can we (or our students) afford it<br />
  79. 79. NEW HE Models are En Route<br />
  80. 80. What Happens if we Don’t Change?<br />Harder to catch-up …<br />Or even understand.<br />Google, Amazon, Open Source,<br />Open Content, Open Textbooks…<br />Functional Possibilities<br />Higher Education<br />Time<br />
  81. 81. What do you think?<br />
  82. 82. Dr. Cable GreenDirector of eLearning & Open EducationSBCTC360-704-4334cgreen@sbctc.edutwitter: cgreenblog.oer.sbctc.edu<br />

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