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Open Ed policy in Higher Ed

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Looks at OER, Open Access and indirect policies and their influence on higher education

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Open Ed policy in Higher Ed

  1. 1. Open policy in Higher Education and beyond Martin Weller IET The Open University
  2. 2. Outline • OER policies • Open Access policies • Indirect policies • Factors influencing policy • What role can policy play
  3. 3. Open policy as example
  4. 4. OER Policies
  5. 5. Institutional OpenLearn 10 years! 2m visitors annual 10% conversion 5% all courses Better than MOOCs?
  6. 6. Regional • http://k12oercollaborative.org/ • 11 states creating OER supporting K–12 subjects aligned with state learning standards. • Washington state can afford to update two books a year. • For same money the open approach could create open textbooks for ALL subjects for all of US. • In the US K12 textbook spend = $8 billion K12 OER project estimates = $30 million
  7. 7. Removing barriers Leicester City Council - blanket permission to 84 schools to create open educational resources (OER), by sharing the learning materials they create under an open licence http://www.josiefraser.com/2016/03/oer- resources/
  8. 8. BCCampus • BC Ministry of Advanced Education funded – create openly-licensed textbooks in the highest- enrolled academic subject areas. • Open textbooks licensed using a Creative Commons license • e-book formats free of charge, or print on demand books available at cost. • Student savings $1,431,100 – $1,801,806 • 14,311 students using open textbooks • 143 textbooks
  9. 9. Evidence • As good if not better performance • Increased retention • Savings for students • Pedagogical change
  10. 10. “We already have lots of money in education. We’re just really bad at spending it” Cable Green
  11. 11. National • TAACCCT • US Department of Labor grant fund of $2 billion to expand and improve education programs for employment. • All content produced released under CC license
  12. 12. But… Little evidence that OER projects led to policy
  13. 13. Open Access
  14. 14. Steady growth of all types of mandate https://roarmap.eprints.org/
  15. 15. But… • Costs • Double dipping
  16. 16. New models • OLH • Ubiquity • Knowledge Unlatched
  17. 17. Open data • Open Data Initiative – theodi.org/ • Government data data.gov.uk/ • RCUK - http://www.rcuk.ac.u k/Publications/policy/ OpenData/ • Mandates following open access
  18. 18. Indirect policies • www.changingpedagogicallandscapes.eu/ • IT policies • Reward, tenure, promotion • REF • Fees • University tables
  19. 19. The internet weather • Icanhazpdf • Sci-Hub • Social media • Open Access Citation advantage • Online identity
  20. 20. What’s wrong with this tweet?
  21. 21. The Open Flip Costs move from purchasing copyrighted content to producing openly licensed content
  22. 22. What does it require for a policy to be successful? • Champions • Evidence • Money! • Lobbyists • A specific problem
  23. 23. Where can policy be useful? • Creating sustainable OER • An OER critical mass • Establishing new OA models • Recognising OA/OER impact • Encouraging innovation
  24. 24. Links Bit.ly/battle4open @mweller Edtechie.net Slideshare.net/mweller oerhub.net @OER_Hub

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