18 1 miners, ranchers, and railroads

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18 1 miners, ranchers, and railroads

  1. 1. CHAPTER 18: Americans Move West Section 1:Miners, Ranchers, and Railroads
  2. 2. VOCABULARY Frontier: An undeveloped area Boomtown: Western community that grew quicklybecause of a mining boom and often disappeared whenthe boom ended
  3. 3. MORE AMERICANS MOVE WEST After thewar, more peoplemoved west They came tothe frontier fornew jobs & life
  4. 4. MINING Comstock Lode – Huge deposit of silverdiscovered in Nevada
  5. 5. MINING Large companies needed to mine it
  6. 6. MINING Very dangerous work
  7. 7. Comstock Lode miners
  8. 8. MINING Boomtowns sprang up near mines
  9. 9. Western Boomtown
  10. 10. Western ghost town
  11. 11. THE CATTLE KINGDOM Rising population in the east = greater demand forbeef Longhorn Cattle were raised in Texas and on theGreat Plains
  12. 12. THE CATTLE KINGDOM Area called the Cattle Kingdom
  13. 13. THE CATTLE KINGDOM Cattle drives brought the cows to market and RR’s Cowboys drove the cattlealong the Chisholm Trail
  14. 14. Water crossings
  15. 15. Real cowboys
  16. 16. Vaqueros
  17. 17. African American cowboys
  18. 18. The Wild West
  19. 19. THE CATTLE KINGDOM Ended when farmers bought up the open range • Used invention of barbed wire to close up land
  20. 20. THE TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD Dreamwas to builda RR thatcrossed thecontinentandconnectedEast to West
  21. 21. THE TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD Gov. made it a race • Union Pacific built west • Central Pacific built east
  22. 22. Union PacificIrish workers“Hell on Wheels”
  23. 23. Central PacificChinese Workers
  24. 24. THE TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD Two sides met at Promontory Point, Utah
  25. 25. The Golden Spike
  26. 26. THE TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD Effects of the Transcontinental Railroad • More settlement West • Increased business East-West • RR companies very powerful

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