19 3 industrial workers

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19 3 industrial workers

  1. 1. CHAPTER 19:The Industrial Age Section 3: Industrial Workers
  2. 2. VOCABULARY Sweatshop: Hot, stuffyworkshops in which workersprepare materials for low wages
  3. 3. MAXIMIZING EFFICIENCY & PROFITS AND Machines CUTTING COSTSrun byunskilledworkersSpecialization– workersrepeat sameaction over
  4. 4. EFFECTS ON THE WORKERS Could bereplacedeasily Longhours &low pay Boringwork Poorworking
  5. 5. EFFECTS ON THE WORKERS to Many Americans forcedwork in sweatshops
  6. 6. WORKERS ORGANIZE Workers joinunions Gives themcollectivebargainingpower • All workers acting together have a greater chance of
  7. 7. WORKERS ORGANIZE Unionswanted:  8 hour work day  Better pay  Safer conditions  End of child labor
  8. 8. LABOR UNIONS Knights ofLabor •1st national labor union • Terrence Powderly leader
  9. 9. Knights ofLabor Protest Marches
  10. 10. LABOR UNIONS American Federation of Labor(AFL) • Only skilled workers • Organized individual unions by trade • Samuel Gompers leader
  11. 11. AFL Workers on Strike
  12. 12. LABOR UNIONS Industrial Workers of the World(IWW) • All workers in one big union • Women & Blacks too • Called the Wobblies • “Big Bill” Haywood leader
  13. 13. TheWobblies
  14. 14. THREE FAMOUS STRIKES Haymarket Riot –Chicago1886 • Knights struck for 8 hour day • Police killed several workers
  15. 15. THREE FAMOUS STRIKES• Bomb exploded on police• End of Knights
  16. 16. THREE FAMOUS STRIKES Homestead Strike – Pittsburgh1892 • Steelworkers struck • Locked out & scab workers brought in
  17. 17. THREE FAMOUS STRIKES• Workers took over mill
  18. 18. THREE FAMOUS STRIKES to• Pinkerton Guards hiredtake back mill
  19. 19. THREE FAMOUS STRIKES• 14 hour battle – 16 dead
  20. 20. The “Battle of Homestead”
  21. 21. THREE FAMOUS STRIKES order• State militia restored• Union was broken
  22. 22. THREE FAMOUS STRIKES Pullman Strike – Pullman,Illinois 1894 • Railroad car company workers struck • High rents & low wages
  23. 23. THREE FAMOUS STRIKES lines• Workers took over rail
  24. 24. THREE FAMOUS STRIKES• Another violent strike
  25. 25. THREE FAMOUS STRIKES federal• Pres. ends strike withtroops• Another blow to union cause
  26. 26. May Day

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