5 3 the crusades


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5 3 the crusades

  1. 1. Chapter 5: Europe in the Middle Ages Section 3: The Crusades
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Pilgrim : A person who journeys to a sacred place </li></ul><ul><li>Barter : To trade </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Were the Crusades? <ul><li>Military expeditions </li></ul><ul><li>Launched by European Christians </li></ul><ul><li>The goal was to win back the Holy Land from Muslim control </li></ul>
  4. 4. What Were the Crusades? <ul><ul><li>The Holy Land = Jerusalem and the surrounding areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is where Jesus lived – Sacred land to Christians </li></ul></ul>Continued
  5. 5. The Holy Land
  6. 6. What Started the Crusades? <ul><li>Muslims had conquered the holy land many years before </li></ul><ul><li>The Byzantine emperor asked the pope for help – The Seljuk Turks were attacking him </li></ul><ul><li>Turks would not allow Christian pilgrims to visit the Holy Land </li></ul>
  7. 7. Islamic Territory
  8. 8. What Started the Crusades? <ul><li>1095 – Pope Urban II gives a speech at Clermont , France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He calls for European knights to go and free the Holy Land from the Muslims </li></ul></ul>Continued
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>He wants the knights to stop fighting each other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He promises anyone who goes on the Crusade that all their sins will be forgiven and their entrance into heaven is guaranteed </li></ul></ul>What Started the Crusades? Continued
  10. 10. A Crusader Knight
  11. 11. The People’s Crusade <ul><li>The knights take time to organize their crusade </li></ul><ul><li>In the meantime, a preacher by the name of Peter the Hermit calls for a “ People’s Crusade ” </li></ul>
  12. 12. The People’s Crusade <ul><li>Peter leads the unorganized mob of peasants and serfs towards the Holy Land </li></ul><ul><li>They loot towns and kill Jews along their journey </li></ul>Continued
  13. 13. The People’s Crusade
  14. 14. The People’s Crusade <ul><li>The People’s Crusade is ambushed by the Muslim Turks and defeated easily </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 Crusaders are executed or sold into slavery </li></ul>Continued
  15. 15. The First Crusade <ul><li>Finally the knights get organized and begin their march towards The Holy Land </li></ul><ul><li>Their journey will last 3 long years </li></ul>
  16. 16. The First Crusade
  17. 17. Nicaea But the Byzantines make a deal with the Muslims and take control of the city The Crusaders attack and surround the city of Nicaea
  18. 18. The First Crusade
  19. 19. Edessa Baldwin Baldwin enters the city victorious Crusaders attack and surround the city
  20. 20. The First Crusade
  21. 21. Antioch The two sieges of Antioch The Holy Lance and Battle outside the city
  22. 22. The First Crusade
  23. 23. The First Crusade <ul><li>Many battles are fought along the way </li></ul><ul><li>Finally they surround the walls of Jerusalem </li></ul>Continued
  24. 24. The First Crusade Continued <ul><li>1099 – Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders </li></ul><ul><li>The Crusaders show no mercy </li></ul>
  25. 25. The First Crusade Continued <ul><ul><li>10,000 inhabitants of Jerusalem are slaughtered </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. The First Crusade Continued <ul><li>Four Crusader Kingdoms are established in the Holy Land </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Second Crusade <ul><li>The Muslims counterattack and regain land from the Crusaders </li></ul><ul><li>King Louis VII of France leads the Second Crusade </li></ul><ul><li>Second Crusade attacks Damascus and is defeated by the Muslims </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. The Second Crusade
  29. 29. The Muslims go on the Offensive <ul><li>The Muslim armies are united under a great new leader named Saladin </li></ul><ul><li>He calls for a Jihad , or Muslim holy war </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. The Battle of Hattin
  31. 31. The Battle of Hattin
  32. 32. The Muslims go on the Offensive <ul><li>Saladin defeats the Crusaders at the battle of The Horns of Hattin </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>Continued
  33. 33. The Muslims go on the Offensive Continued <ul><li>Then, in 1187, Saladin recaptures Jerusalem for the Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>He spares the lives of the Crusaders inside the city </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. The ThirdCrusade <ul><li>This time the Crusaders are led by King Richard “The Lion Heart” of England </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. The Third Crusade
  36. 36. The ThirdCrusade Continued <ul><li>Richard and Saladin fight to a draw </li></ul><ul><li>A deal is made: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jerusalem will remain under Muslim control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unarmed Christian pilgrims will be allowed in Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Other Crusades
  38. 38. The Results of the Crusades <ul><li>Increased trade with the East </li></ul><ul><li>The use of money instead of bartering </li></ul><ul><li>New ideas and technology from the Muslims brought back to Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>