18 3 farming and populism

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18 3 farming and populism

  1. 1. CHAPTER 18:Americans Move West Section 3: Farming and Populism
  2. 2. VOCABULARY Deflation: Overall decrease in prices of goods
  3. 3. THE GOVERNMENT WANTS SETTLERS Gov. wants settlers on the frontier
  4. 4. THE GOVERNMENT WANTS SETTLERS Not many went –“Great American Desert”myth
  5. 5. THE GOVERNMENT WANTS SETTLERS Homestead Act passed • Gave 160 nearly free acres • Must improve land • Live on for 5 years
  6. 6. THE GOVERNMENT WANTS SETTLERS Thousands rushed west to farm
  7. 7. HARD LIFE ON THE PLAINS Settlers called sodbusters • Had to break up root filled sod
  8. 8. HARD LIFE ON THE PLAINS Dry farming –grow wheat & usemore land • Need less water
  9. 9. Irrigation Canals
  10. 10. HARD LIFE ON THE PLAINS Lived in sod homes
  11. 11. HARD LIFE ON THE PLAINS Great Plains became the “Breadbasket of theworld”
  12. 12. END OF THE FRONTIER Most frontier land was now taken and settled
  13. 13. END OF THE FRONTIER Oklahoma Land Rush – Last chapter ofwestward movement
  14. 14. Oklahoma Land Rush April 22, 1889
  15. 15. Oklahoma Land Rush
  16. 16. “Sooners”
  17. 17. END OF THE FRONTIER 1890 – Gov. proclaimed the frontier closed
  18. 18. ECONOMIC PROBLEMS More wheat produced = lower prices forwheat • Farmers can’t make money
  19. 19. ECONOMIC PROBLEMS Deflation also hurt • U.S. money was on the Gold Standard • Money supply grew more slowly than the population
  20. 20. ECONOMIC PROBLEMS Farmers blamed businessmen, grain buyers,and railroads
  21. 21. FARMERS ORGANIZE Farmers organized politically • National Grange – Social & educational organization for farmers • Populist Party – called for: • Gov. to own RR’s • Silver to help back dollars

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