Main ideaAs more and morepeople move west,mining, ranching, andrailroads are going tosoon change the West
Western Growth Move out there? No Way! Many saw the west as a useless piece of land much like the desert Frontier- HUGE undeveloped area in Western United States.
Mining Boom In 1859 Comstock Lode was discovered Getting rich quick Over the next 20 years this site would produce $500M in gold.
New Immigrants Immigrants of all races and colors were racing to the Western part of the U.S. to strike it rich!
New Towns Boomtowns- towns that grow suddenly when a mine was opened
Cattle Kingdom Cattle ranching becomes popular in the Midwest on the open range This is the same land the Indians lived off of... we will revisit this later this chapter!
End of the Open Range Competition for land ends the open range People started marking off their land with barbed wire
Growing Communication More people in the West = needs for communication and transportation to the West Pony Express= messengers on horseback that delivered mail Telegraphs put the Pony express out of business
Transcontinental Railroad Many Americans wanted a railroad to connect the East Coast to the West Coast Pacific Railway Act- the Government gave loans and land to the railroad companies The government land could be sold to help pay for railroad 12
Transcontinental Railroad It was hard dangerous work building the railroad. Two companies competed against each other Union Pacific vs Central Pacific Golden Spike pounded in at Promontory Utah, the meeting point of the two railroads 13
Results of the Railroad Helped economy Helped businesses Railroads becomes one of the largest industries in America