16 5 the tide of war turns

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16 5 the tide of war turns

  1. 1. CHAPTER 16: The Civil War Section 5:The Tide of War Turns
  2. 2. VOCABULARY Total war Destroying civilian andeconomic resources
  3. 3. FREDERICKSBURG AND CHANCELLORSVILLE General Ambrose E. Burnsidetook command of the Union Army He lost the Battleof Fredericksburg toLee
  4. 4. Battle of Fredericksburg
  5. 5. FREDERICKSBURG AND CHANCELLORSVILLE General Joseph Hooker then tookcommand He lost the Battle ofChancellorsville to Lee
  6. 6. Battle of Chancellorsville
  7. 7. Battle of Chancellorsville
  8. 8. Robert E. Lee andhis Horse“Traveler”
  9. 9. GETTYSBURG Leemarches upNorth again Pennsylvania Gettysburg Washington D.C. Chancellorsville Fredericksburg Virginia
  10. 10. GETTYSBURG Next General George G. Meadecommanded the Union Army
  11. 11. Why Gettysburg?
  12. 12. GETTYSBURG The Battle of Gettysburg was thekey turning point of the war Three day battle in July 1863 Bloodiest battle (28,000 casualties)
  13. 13. Gettysburg Day One
  14. 14. Gettysburg Day Two
  15. 15. Gettysburg Day Two
  16. 16. Gettysburg Day Three
  17. 17. Pickett’s Charge
  18. 18. Pickett’s Charge
  19. 19. Pickett’s Charge
  20. 20. Pickett’s Charge
  21. 21. Gettysburg Day Three
  22. 22. GETTYSBURG Pickett’s Charge fails Union victory Beginning of the downfall of theSouth
  23. 23. AFTERMATH OF GETTYSBURG Lincoln visits the battlefield • Gives the Gettysburg Address – speech to honor the soldiers
  24. 24. Lincoln atGettysburg
  25. 25. AFTERMATH OF GETTYSBURG 1864 Presidential Election • Lincoln vs. McClellan
  26. 26. AFTERMATH OF GETTYSBURG Lincoln wins in a landslide vote
  27. 27. SHERMAN’S MARCH Union General William TecumsehSherman captures Atlanta, Georgia
  28. 28. Sherman Captures Atlanta
  29. 29. SHERMAN’S MARCH He burned down the city Then marched to the coast
  30. 30. Sherman’s March to the Sea
  31. 31. “I will make Georgia howl.”
  32. 32. SHERMAN’S MARCH Along the way, he practiced totalwar
  33. 33. “Sherman Necktie”
  34. 34. THE WILDERNESS AND PETERSBURG Grant took charge of all Uniontroops His WildernessCampaign attackedLee in Virginia
  35. 35. The Wilderness Campaign
  36. 36. THE WILDERNESS AND PETERSBURG • Grant took twice as many casualties but continued attacking Both sides dug in at Petersburg fora siege
  37. 37. Trenches atPetersburg
  38. 38. Union Gun at Petersburg
  39. 39. Lee on the Run
  40. 40. APPOMATTOX COURTHOUSE Grant finally surrounds Lee atAppomattox Courthouse • Lee is forced to surrender
  41. 41. Surrender atAppomattox
  42. 42. “The war is over, the rebels are our countrymen again.”
  43. 43. “I have done for you all that it was in my power todo. You have done all your duty. Leave the result to God. Go to your homes and resume your occupations. Obey the laws and become as good citizens as you were soldiers”
  44. 44. EFFECTS OF THE WAR The Civil War lasted 4 years (1861-1865) 620,000 Americans died Ended slavery

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