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Human Exceptionality Chapter 2
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Human Exceptionality Chapter 2

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by Michael Hardman
(c) Cengage Learning 2010

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  • 1. Chapter Two EDUCATION FOR ALL©2011 Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.
  • 2. CHAPTER FOCUS POINTSFocus 1What educational services were available to students with disabilities during most of the 20th century?Focus 2Identify the principal issues in the right-to-education cases that led to the eventual passage of the national mandate to educate students with disabilities.Focus 3Identify five major provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.Focus 4Discuss the special education referral, assessment, planning, and placement process. ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 3. CHAPTER FOCUS POINTSFocus 5Identify four principals for school accountability as required in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Under IDEA 2004, what must a student’s IEP include to ensure access to the general curriculum?Focus 6What does it mean to be a “highly qualified” teacher as required in NCLB and IDEA 2004?Focus 7Identify three characteristics of evidence-based special education that enhances learning opportunities for students with disabilities. ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 4. CHAPTER FOCUS POINTSFocus 8Distinguish between students with disabilities who are eligible for services under Section 504/ADA and those eligible under IDEA.Focus 9Distinguish between the principles of zero tolerance and zero exclusion in America’s schools.Focus 10What are the challenges to making the promises of IDEA and NCLB a reality? ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 5. CASE STUDY: JERALD Background Perceptions of behavior  Family  School Process for referral Development of Individualized Education Plan Placement issues/LRE ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 6. ORIGINS OF SPECIALEDUCATION Early Special Education Programs Education as a Privilege but Not a Right Expanding the Role of the Federal Government ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 7. THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION Education as a Right not a Privilege ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 8. INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIESEDUCATION ACT (IDEA) What Are Special Education and Related Services? Who Is Eligible for Special Education and Related Services? ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 9. INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIESEDUCATION ACT (IDEA) Major Provisions of IDEA  A Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE)  Nondiscriminatory and Multidisciplinary Assessment  Parental Safeguards and Involvement  The Individualized Education Program (IEP)  Education in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 10. INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIESEDUCATION ACT (IDEA) The Special Education Referral, Assessment, Planning, and Placement Process  Phase 1—Initiating the Referral  Phase 2—Assessing Student Eligibility and Educational Need  Phase 3—Developing the Individualized Education Program (IEP)  Phase 4—Determining the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 11. CURRENT TRENDS IN THE EDUCATION OF STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES NCLB and IDEA 2004: From Access to Accountability  Standards and School Accountability  NCLB and IDEA 2004: What It Means to Be a “Highly Qualified” Teacher ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 12. CURRENT TRENDS IN THE EDUCATIONOF STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES Characteristics of Evidence-Based Special Education Practice  Individualization  Intensive Instruction  The Explicit Teaching of Academic, Adaptive, and/or Functional Life Skills ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 13. CURRENT TRENDS IN THE EDUCATIONOF STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES Providing Reasonable Accommodations under Section 504/ADA ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 14. CURRENT TRENDS IN THE EDUCATIONOF STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES Safe Schools: Zero Tolerance versus Zero Exclusion ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  • 15. CURRENT TRENDS IN THE EDUCATIONOF STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES Challenges to making the promises of IDEA and NCLB a reality ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.