Human Exceptionality Chapter 9

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by Michael Hardman
(c) Cengage Learning 2010

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Human Exceptionality Chapter 9

  1. 1. INTELLECTUAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  2. 2. CHAPTER FOCUS POINTSFocus 1Identify the major components of the AAIDD definition ofintellectual disabilities.Focus 2Identify four approaches to classifying people with intellectualdisabilities.Focus 3What is the prevalence of intellectual disabilities?Focus 4Identify intellectual, self-regulation, and adaptive skillscharacteristics of individuals with intellectual disabilities. ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  3. 3. CHAPTER FOCUS POINTSFocus 5Identify the academic, motivational, speech and language, andphysical characteristics of children with intellectual disabilities.Focus 6Identify the causes of intellectual disabilities.Focus 7Why are early intervention services for children with intellectualdisabilities so important? ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  4. 4. CHAPTER FOCUS POINTSFocus 8Identify five skill areas that should be addressed in programsfor elementary-age children with intellectual disabilities.Focus 9Identify four educational goals for adolescents withintellectual disabilities.Focus 10Why is the inclusion of students with intellectual disabilitiesin general education settings important to an appropriateeducational experience? ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  5. 5. CASE STUDY:LILLY Initial expectations Actual outcomes Partial Inclusion  Peer tutors Assistive Technology Desired outcomes ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  6. 6. CASE STUDY:ROGER Age appropriate service delivery Abilities Areas in need of support? Recreation and leisure activities ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  7. 7. CASE STUDY:BECKY Areas of delay Causation Support needs Related service providers All students can and will learn. ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  8. 8. A NEW ERA IN THE LIVES OF PEOPLE WITHDISABILITIES Introduction ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  9. 9. DEFINITIONS AND CLASSIFICATIONS Evolving Terminology ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  10. 10. DEFINITIONS AND CLASSIFICATIONS AAIDD definition  Intellectual Abilities  Adaptive Behavior  Participation, Interaction, and Social Roles  Physical and Mental Health  Environmental Context  Age of Onset  Putting the Definition into Practice ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  11. 11. DEFINITIONS AND CLASSIFICATIONS Classification  Severity of the Condition  Educability Expectations  Medical Descriptors  Classification Based on Needed Support ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  12. 12. PREVALANCE U.S. Department of Education President’s Committee for People with Intellectual Disabilities ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  13. 13. CHARACTERISTICS Learning and Memory Self-Regulation Adaptive Skills Academic Achievement Motivation Speech and Language Physical Development ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  14. 14. CAUSATION Sociocultural Influences Biomedical Factors  Chromosomal Abnormalities  Metabolism and Nutrition  Postnatal Brain Disease ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  15. 15. CAUSATION Behavioral Causes  Infection and Intoxication  Traumas or Physical Accidents Unknown Prenatal Influences ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  16. 16. EDUCATIONAL SUPPORTS AND SERVICES The Early Childhood Years  Importance of early intervention ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  17. 17. EDUCATIONAL SUPPORTS AND SERVICES The Elementary School Years  Motor Skills  Self-Help Skills  Social Skills  Communication Skills  Academic Skills ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  18. 18. EDUCATIONAL SUPPORTS AND SERVICES Transitioning from School to Adult Life  Personal independence and participation in the community  Employment preparation ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  19. 19. INCLUSIVE EDUCATION Looking to a bright future ©2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.

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