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Introduction to Special Education

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Dr. Kate Esposito

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Introduction to Special Education

  1. 1. STUDENTS with SPECIAL Needs<br />
  2. 2. Free Appropriate Education (FAPE)<br />Exceptional learners are those who require special education if they are to reach their full human potential.<br />
  3. 3. Some Disabilities are Physically Evident others aren’t<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Allyn and Bacon 2012<br />Prevalence<br />Approximately 10 in every 100 students are identified as exceptional and receive special education.<br />Over 5 million students in the U.S. receive special education services.<br />Changes in prevalence for certain disabilities.<br />
  5. 5. Categories of Disability Under IDEIA<br />Autism Speech or language impairments<br />Orthopedic impairments Hearing impairments<br />Deaf/blindness Traumatic brain injury <br />Other health impairments Cognitive Disabilities<br />Developmental delays Visual impairments<br />Specific learning disabilities Multiple disabilities <br />Emotional disturbance<br />
  6. 6. 5<br />Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003<br />Special Education<br />means specially designed instruction that meets the unusual needs of an exceptional student.<br />Possible forms of Special Education:<br /> Special materials<br /> Specialized teaching techniques<br /> Specialized equipment<br /> Related services<br />
  7. 7. Special Education is not a place<br />Levels of integration.<br />How and how much the student differs from average students.<br />Resources available in the school and community.<br />Least Restrictive Environment.<br />
  8. 8. Continuum of Placement Options<br />
  9. 9. Most Physically Integrated<br /><ul><li>General Education class only
  10. 10. Special education consultation
  11. 11. Itinerant teacher
  12. 12. Resource teacher
  13. 13. Diagnostic-prescriptive center
  14. 14. Hospital or homebound instruction
  15. 15. Self-contained class
  16. 16. Special day school
  17. 17. Residential school</li></ul>Least Physically Integrated<br />7<br />Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003<br />
  18. 18. Individuals with Disability Act<br />Child Find<br />Zero Reject<br />Free Appropriate Education<br />Non-discriminatory assessment<br />Parent Consent and due process<br />Least Restrictive Environment<br />
  19. 19. 6<br />Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003<br />Legal Mandates<br />IDEIA<br />Guarantees free appropriate education to students who are not making adequate educational progress<br />If the child has a disability that adversely affects educational performance, the child is eligible for special education services under IDEA<br />Section 504 Plans<br /> “A physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or more major life activities.”<br />Obesity<br />Diabetics<br />HIV<br />
  20. 20. Students with Learning Disabilities<br />Aptitude achievement discrepancy<br />A learning disability can cause a person to have trouble learning and using certain skills. The skills most often affected are: reading, writing, listening, speaking, reasoning, and doing math. <br />
  21. 21. Autism one of Fastest growing categories<br />Wide range of abilities<br />Majority have cognitive disabilities<br />Social skills<br />Language<br />
  22. 22. Reasons for Increase in Disabilities<br />Children living in poverty, poor nutrition<br />Babies born to teenage mothers<br />Babies born to mothers with poor prenatal care, nutrition<br />Babies born with low birth weight<br />Environmental hazards<br />Children subjected to abuse<br />Cuts in social programs and services<br />
  23. 23. 8<br />Teacher’s Roles<br />Moderate proponents <br />Suggest that general educators take more responsibility for students with disabilities<br />Radical proponents<br />Recommend that special education be eliminated as a separate, identifiable part of education<br />
  24. 24. General Education Teachers’ Role<br />Have access to the individualized education program;<br />Shall be knowledgeable of the content of the individualized education program; and <br />Shall be informed specific responsibilities related to implementing a pupil's individualized education program<br />Understand and implement the specific accommodations, modifications and supports student entitled to. See California Education Code Section 56347<br />
  25. 25. Identify and understand accommodations and modifications specified on the IEP<br />Ensure that accommodations & modifications are being implemented<br />
  26. 26. ENSURING ACCESS<br />Grades cannot be reduced for students with IEP and receiving accommodations or specialized instruction.<br />Modify instruction to meet students needs<br />Hold student to high expectations<br />
  27. 27. Remember<br />By the time a students with a disability has been identified he/she has failed academically.<br />By the time the student reaches middle school or high school—years of failure<br />
  28. 28. Questions<br />

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