Special Education <br />in an Era of<br />Inclusion and Standards<br />Chapter One<br />Jasmine Dybvig<br />
No Child Left Behind<br />The No Child Left Behind act (NCLB) intends to better serve the “neediest” of students in schools and to hold schools more accountable.<br /><ul><li>Increased Accountability
State accountability systems based on reading and math standards were put in place to keep schools accountable.
Parents are given rights to obtain an independent educational evaluation, appeal decisions, obtain educational records, etc</li></li></ul><li>Section 504<br />“Any student who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities can qualify for special services under section 504.”<br /><ul><li>This includes students that may be missed under IDEA.</li></ul>ADA<br />The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is similar to Section 504.<br /><ul><li>Provides civil rights coverage for disabled individuals
Teachers whom service those with disabilities should know the guidelines for:
Telecommunication systems</li></li></ul><li>Standards-Based Education<br /><ul><li>The subject-matter taught must be linked to performance standards and content mandated by the state in the core subject areas.
Goal is to have set goals to keep schools on track
The ambition is for all students to be able to demonstrate the skills and knowledge necessary to succeed in subject areas.
Standards (what a student should know and be able to do)
Content standard- knowledge, skills, and understand students attain
Performance standard-achievement levels students reach
Specialized interventions to meet disabilities
If students are eligible for special education, they are given more intensive and specific interventions in many special education settings.</li></li></ul><li>UDL<br />Universal Design for Learning<br /><ul><li>Design of products and environments to be used by other people, without the need of specialized designs or adaptations- Universal!!
Meets the needs of students without drawing attention to a single person
New way of looking at students with disabilities</li></ul>Differentiated Instruction<br /><ul><li>A wide range of students can be serviced within general education classrooms.
Goal is to create an effective learning environment for students with different abilities as well as disabilities in the same classroom.</li></li></ul><li>Student Accountability<br /><ul><li>Students are required to take standardized tests starting in grade 3
Children with disabilities may or may not need to take the tests
Some students with disabilities are given accommodations to take the tests
Teachers should strive to have all students work towards taking the tests sometime in their future.</li></ul>Inclusion<br /><ul><li>A very important theme in special education is providing everyone, even those with disabilities, a place to belong in society.
Give all students a sense of acceptance and belonging
Create educational environments which provide students with the opportunity to belong</li></li></ul><li>Evidence-Based Education<br /><ul><li>Teachers are required to use interventions that have evidence that they work with the type of students they are being used with.
Accountability is how the teachers instruct students.
Instructional practices should be researched if they are going to be used with children with special needs.</li></ul>Diversity Consideration<br /><ul><li>Schools contain an immense amount of diversity among students
The amounts of diversity in schools has increased throughout the years
Teachers should be accepting of all students, and strive his/her best to teach all students to the best of his/her ability.
Teachers should learn and be educated about all different kinds of people in order to best serve their students. </li>