Diploma in industrial safety UNIT - 5

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Diploma in industrial safety

Diploma in industrial safety

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  • 1. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY DIPLOMA IN INDUSTRIAL SAFETY
  • 2. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY CHAPTER 5 ACCIDENT HISTORY FUNDAMENTALS OF SAFETY: INJURY OR DEATH OF A WORKER DAMAGE TO THE PLANT AND EQUIPTMENTS DISRUPTION TO THE PLANT AND EQUIPTMENTS LOWERS MORALE OF PERSONNEL PROLONGED ABSENCE OF TRAINED WORKER FOR TREATMENT
  • 3. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY ACCIDENTS MAY OCCUR DUE TO: a) HUMAN ERROR 88% ACCIDENTS ARE CAUSED DUE TO UNSAFE PRACTICE LACK OF FORESIGHT WRONG ATTITUDE ETC. b) MECHANICAL FAILURE. 105 ACCIDENTS ARE CAUSED DUE TO PLANT CONDITIONS EQUIPTMENTS OR TOOL FAILURE c) ACTS OF NATURE ONLY 2% ACCIDENTS ARE CAUSED DUE TO WEATHER FLOOD OR CYCLONE IT IS NECESSARY TO ELIMINATE UNSAFET ACTS AND UNSAFE CONDITIONS TO AVOID ACCIDENTS SAFETY CAN BE DEFINED AS FREEDOM FROM THOSE CONDITIONS THAT CAN CAUSE INJURY DEATH TO PERSON OR DAMAGE TO EQUIPTMENT OR PROPERTY
  • 4. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY SAFETY IS IMPORTANT BECAUSE: ACCIDENTS CAUSE PAIN AND SUFFERING ACCIDENTS ARE COSTLY ACCIDENTS REFLECT MORALE AND DECREASE PRODUCTIVITY ACCIDENTS REFLECT POORLY ON THE MANAGEMENT COST OF PREVENTION OF ACCIDENTS IS LOWER THAN COST OF HANDLING
  • 5. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY UNSAFE CONDITIONS AND UNSAFE ACTS RESULTS IN ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING: LOSS OF PRODUCTION/PROJECT FOR THE MANAGEMENT LOSS OF THE EMPLOYEE EARNINGS DAMAGE TO THE PLANT AND MACHINERY PREMATURE DEATH OF EMPLOYEE PAIN/SUFFERING/HARDSHIPS TO THE INJURED EMPLOYEE AND HIS FAMILY EXPENSES ON MEDICAL AID EXPENSES ON RECRUITMENT AND TRAINING OF NEW EMPLOYEES
  • 6. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY DETERIORATIONS IN EMPLOYER EMPLOYEES RELATIONS LOSS OF EMPLOYEES MORALE DROP IN PRODUCTIVITY OF THE ORGANIZATION LOSS OF REPUTATION SAFETY IN THE INDUSTRY HELPS IN: i. IMPROVING PRODUCTION/PRODUCTIVITY ii. REDUCING PRODUCTION COST iii. REDUCING DAMAGE TO PLANT AND MACHINERY iv. PREVENTING PREMATURE DEATH OF SKILLED WORKERS v. AVOIDING NEEDLES PAIN AND SUFFERINGS TO THE SUFFERINGS TO THE EMPLOYEES AND THEIR FAMILIES
  • 7. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY SAFETY ORGANIZATION: 1. THE COMPANY SHALL HAVE A SAFETY ORGANIZATION TO COORDINATE MONITOR PROMOTE AND ENHANCE THE SAFETY & OCCUPATIONAL HELATH ACTIVITIES OF THE PLANT AND OTHER UNITS 2. THE SAFETY DEPARTMENTS WILL BE MANNED BY PROFESSIONALLY QUALIFIED PERSONS AS PER THE STATUTORY PROVISIONS 3. THE SAFETY DEPARTMENTS SHALL HAVE THE FOLLOWING FUNCTIONS ACCIDENTS PREVENTRION CONTROL REPORTING AND ANALYSIS SAFETY PROMOTIONAL ACTIVITIES TO CREATE A CLIMATE CONDUCXTIVE FOR SAFETY CONSCIOUSNESS CULTIVATION OF SAFETY CULTURE AND SAFE WOREKING HABITS AMONG ALL EMPLOYEES. TO ORGANIZE PROGRAMMES FOR TRAINING AND EDUCATION ON SAFETY AND  TO ENSURE USE OF APPROPRIATE PERSONAL PRPTECTIVE EQUIPTMENT BY THE EMPLOYEES
  • 8. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY THE POLICY: 1. THE SAEFTY AND HEALTH OF ALL EMPLOYEES IS ONE OF THE PRIME CONCERNS OF THE COMPANY 2. THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH POLICY OF THE COMPANY IS TO SERVE AS AN INSTRUCMENT FOR CREATING AWARENESS ABOUT SAFE AND HEALTHY WORK PRACTICES AND FOR MAINTAINING SAFETY AND HEALTH CONSCIOUSNESS AMONG THE EMPLOYEES AT ALL LEVELS OF THE ORGANIZATIONS 3. ALL THE MAIN UNITS AND SUPPORTIVE UNITS OF THE COMPANY WILL ADOPT TECHNIQUES FOR MANUFACTURING HANDLING AND DISPOSING OFF ALL THE SUBSTANCES SAFETY WITHOUT CREATING UNACCEPTABLES RISK TO EQUIPTMENTS ENOUGH TO PREVENT HAZARDS OR THE ENVIRONMENT
  • 9. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY 4. THE COMPANY WILL ADOPT SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS WHERE LAWS REGULATIONS MAY NOT BE AVAILABLE OR PROTECTIVE ENOUGH TOM PREVENT HAZARDS 5. EVERY EMPLOYEE OF THE COMPANY WILL BE REQUIRED TO ADHERE TO THE POLICY BOTH IN LETTER AND IN SPIRIT 6. THE COMPANY SHALL COMPLY STRICTLY WITH ALL RELEVANT ACT LAWS RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE STATE AND CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS 7. MANAGEMENT WILL HAVE ALL AUTHORITY TO TAKE RESOURCES TO ACTION FOR VIOLATION OF STATUTORY PROVISION ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AS WELL AS THE RULES AND PROCEDURES FRAMED FOR THE PURPOSE IN ACCORDANCE WITH STANDING ORDERS OR RULES FRAMED FOR THIS PURPOSE 8. THE COMPANY SHALL IMPART TRAINING IN HEALTH SAFETY AND OCCUAPTIONAL HEALTH TO ALL EMPLOYEES SO THAT THE EMPLOYEES ARE ENABLES TO POSSESS TH REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE INFORMATION AND UNDERSTANDING TO CARRYOUT THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THEIR JOBS WITHOUT ENDANGERING THEMSELVES OTHER EMPLOYEES PLANT EQUIPTMENT ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTS
  • 10. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY CONTRIBUTORY CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS: i. MENTAL CONDITIONS OF THE WORKER TO INCLUDE  IMMATURE AGE OF WORKER  INEXPERIENCE  IMPROPER ATTITUDES  LACK OF CO ORDINATION  LACK OF CONCENTRATION TO WORK
  • 11. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY ii. PHYSICAL CONDITIONS OF THE WORKER TO INCLUDE  EXTREMELY FATIGUED  PHYSICALLY UNQUALIFIED FOR THE JOB  PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED  BAD STATE OF HEALTH iii. SUPERVISORY SAFETY PERFORMANCE TO INCLUDE  SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS NOT GIVEN  SAFETY RULES NOT ENFORCED  HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS NOT CORRECTED  POOR DISCIPLINE
  • 12. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY iv. ENVIRONMENTAL CAUSES TO INCLUDE  INSUFFICIENT ILLUMINATION  INSUFFICIENT VENTILLATION  EXTREME TEMPERATURE  EXCESSIVE TEMPERATURE  EXCESSIVE NOISE AND VIBRATIONS  UNSAFE WORKING SPEEDS  TOXIC ENVIRONMENT  LONG WORKING HOURS  EXTREME PRESSURE OF WORK
  • 13. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY DOMINO MULTIPLE CAUSTION THEORY:  ACCIDENTS ARE THE RESULTS OF MANY CONTRIBUTORY FAUSES AND SUB CAUSES RANDOM COMBINATION OF SUCH FACTORS RESULT INTO ACCIDENTS THE FERRELL THEORY: ACCIDENTS ARE THE RESULTS OF HUMAN ERRORS HUMAN ERRORS RESULTS BECAUSE OF CAUSAL CHAIN OF OVERLOAD SITUATIONAL INCOMPATIBILITY INCORRECT RESPONSE ACCIDENTS
  • 14. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY INDIRECT COSTS: COST OF TIME LOST OF THE TEAMMATES OF THE INJURED PERSONS WHO STOP WORK COST OF TIME LOST OF THE FELLOW EMPLOYEES WHO STOP WORK OUT OF CURIOSITY OUT OF SYMPATHY TO ASSIST INJURED EMPLOYEE COST OF TIME LOST OF THE SUPERVISORS FOREMEN AND OTHER EXECUTIVES ASSISTING INJURED PERSONS MAKING SUBSTITUTE ARRANGEMENT INVESTIGATING THE CAUSE OF ACCIDENTS PREPARING ACCIDENT REPORTS ATTENDING HEARING BEFORE THE STATE OFFICIALS SELECTING AND TRAINING OF THE NEW WORKER TO FILL VACANCY
  • 15. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY ACCIDENTS COST TO THE SOCIETY: THE FAMILY OF THE INJURED EMPLOYEES SUFFERS PAIN HARDSHIPS AND FINANCIAL LOSS THE SOCIETY BEARS THE SOCIAL AND FINANCIAL BURDEN OF MAINTENANCE OF ALL INJURED PARSONS AND THEIR FAMILIES THE SOCIETY AS CONSUMERS PAY INCREASED COST OF PRODUCTION DUE TO DIRECT AND INDIRECT COSTS INCURRED BY THE MANAGEMENT EHICH ARE ULTIMATELY PASSED ON THE CONSUMER AIM OF AN ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION EVERY ACCIDENTS HAS SOME UNDERLYING CAUSES UNSAFE ACTS AND UNSAFE CONDITIONS ACCIDENTS EXHIBITS A PARTICULAR PATTERNS OF OCCURENCES IDENTIFY HIGH RISK JOBS OR WORK AREAS. IDENTIFY FACTORS THAT CAN CAUSE ACCIDENTS
  • 16. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY TYPES OF REPORTS AND RECORDS FIRST AID REPORTS ACCIDENTS REPORTS ACCIDENTS INVESTIGATION REPORTS ACCIDENTS PARTICULAR CARDS SAFETY EDUCATION AND TRAINING REPORTS THE PURPOSE OF AN ACCIDENT RECORD TO EVALUATE THE MAGNITUDE OF THE ACCIDENT PROBLEMS TO IDENTIFY THE HIGH RATE OF ACCIDENT PROBLEMS TO PROVIDE THE DATA FOR ANALYSIS OF ACCIDENTS TO CREATE INTEREST AMONG THE WORKERS TO MEASURE THE EFFECIENCY OF THE PRESENCE SAFETY PROMOTIONAL ACTIVITIES TO TAKE ANY CHANGE IF NECESSARY
  • 17. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY PRINCIPLES OF ACCIDENTS INVESTIGATION  SHOULD BE FACT FINDING ALL THE ACCIDENTS SHOULD BE INVESTIGATED INVESTIGATE EACH CLUE SUGGEST SUITABLE AND PRACTICAL PREVENTIVE MEASURES ENQUIRE THE EACH WITNESS SEPARATELY ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION SHOULD BE DONE IMMEDIATEDLY AFTER THE INCIDENT ACCIDENT
  • 18. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY THE PURPOSE OF AN ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION TO DETERMINE THE CAUSES SO THAT THE SIMILAR ACCIDENTS CAN BE PREVENTED BY SUPERVISORS BY MEANS OF WORK PLACE IMPROVEMENTS & TRAINING ETC. TO DETERMINE CHANGE OR DEVIATION THAT PRODUCE AN ERROR THAT INTERN RESULTED IN AND ACCIDENT TO DESIGN AND PLAN FOR SUITABLE TRAINING TO PUBLICIZE THE PARTICULAR HAZARDS AMONG EMPLOYEES AND SUPERVISORS TO DIRECT ATTENTION TO ACCIDENT PREVENTION
  • 19. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY ACCIDENT ANALYSIS: i. FUNCTION WISE (I.E DEPARTMENT/SECTION WHERE ACCIDENT OCCURRED?) PRODUCTION MAINTENANCE STORES CONSTRUCTION CONSERVANCY CIVIL
  • 20. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY II. OPERATION WISE(I.E OPERATION WHICH CAUSED THE ACCDIENTS?) TURNING DRILLING MILLIN GRINDING WELDING FITTING PAINTING MATERIALS HANDLING
  • 21. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY iii. AGENCY WISE(I.E WHAT CAUSED THE ACCIDENTS) MATERIALS HANDLING PARTS OF MACHINERY BURNS SPLASH OF CHEMICALS FALLING BODY SLIPPERY FLOOR/PRODUCING OBJECTS ELECTRICAL SWITCHES iv. PART OF THE BODY WISE (WHICH POART OF THE BODY WAS INJURED?) HEAD EYE FACE FINGERS LEGS TOES ETC.
  • 22. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY PREVETING UNSAFE ACTS i. CORRECTIVE ACTION BY SUPERVISORY STAFF:A WELL TRAINED SUPERVISOR ON THE SHOP FLOOR CAN EASILY DETECT UNSAFE ACTS WHILE SUPERVISING WORK OF HIS WORKFORCE AND EVEN TAKE STEPS TO ERADICATYE SUCH ACTS SPECIAL EFFORTS HOWEVER MAY BE REQUIRED ON HIS PART TO OVERCOME LONG OUTSTYANDING BAD HABITS OF SOME OF HIS WORKERS ii. COMPULSORY USE OF PROTECTIVE EQUIPTMENT: USE OF PROTECTIVE STEEL TOED SHOES HELMETS GOGGLES ETC BY THE EMPLOYEES MUST BE MADE COMPULSORY WORKMEN NOT OBSERVING THE RULES SHOULD BE EDUCATED CAUTIONED WARNED AND DISCIPLINE
  • 23. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY SIZE NO RIGID SIZE THEY SHOULD BE SUITABLE SIZE STOCKED STOCK MAY BE PREPARED FROM CLOTHY OR JUTE OR PAPER BOARD DEPENDING UPON THE USE TO WHICH THEY ARE TO BE PUT TAG REINFORCEMENT WHEN NECESSARY THEY MAY BE REINFORCEED HOLE THE DIAMETER OF THE HOLE OF THE TAG MAY BE VARYING IT IS GENERALLY KEPT AS 5 MM AS N ADDITIONAL REINFORCEMENT METAL EYELETS MAY BE INSERTED IN TO THE HOLE TAG TAG MAY BE ATTACHED TO THE REINFORCING SUBSTANCE WITH WATER PROOF AND ADHESIVE WHEN IT IS SUBJECT ABNORMAL HUMID CONDITIONS TAG ATTACHMENT THEY SHALL BE ATTCHED EITHER BY A TWICE OR STEEL WIRE
  • 24. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY HAZARD CHECK LIST a) HOUSE KEEPING: STATE WHETHER OR NOT AISLES ARE CLEAR STOCK PROPERLY PILED FLOORS FREE FROM SLIPPING AND TIPPING HAZARDS AND WORK AREA ORDERLY b) MACHINE HAZARDS: STATE WHAT GUARDS ARE FOUND NOT IN USE AND WHERE GUARDS SHOULD BE PROPVIDED THIS SHOULD INCLUDE GEARS SPROCKETS CHAINS BOLTS SHAFTING ETC. c) FIRE HAZARDS: • OVER FLOW PANS i. ARE ALL FIRE FIGHTING APPLIANCES AND FIRE EXISTS READY FOR IMMEDIATE USE? ii. ARE INFLAMMABLE MATERIALS PROPERLY HANDLED AND STORED d) PROTECTIVE EQUIPTMENT: ARE GOGGLES RESPIRATIONS SAFETY CAPS AND OTHER EQUIPTMENT BEING WORM AS REQUIRED JEWELLERY RINGS AND WRIST WATCH ARE A SOURCE OF DANGER AROUND MOVING MACHINERY
  • 25. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY e) ELECTRICAL EQUIPTMENT: NOTE CONDITIONS OF SWITCHES OUTLETS LIGHT CORDS AND GROUNDS WIRES f) TOOLS i. ARE PROPER TOOLS BEING USED FOR EACH JOB ii. ARE HANDLES MISSING FROM FILES CHISLES MUSHROOMED HAMMERS WRENCHES AND SCREW DRIVERS DEFECTIVE? ARE FEEDS AND SPEEDS PROPERLY SET? g) GENERAL CONDITIONS: i. ARE BOARD WITH NAILS LEFT ON FLOOR? ii. ARE LADDERS STRAITS GUARDS AND OTHER EQUIPTMENT IN NEED OF REPAIR iii. IS CUTTING FLUID LIKELY TO SPILL ON THE FLOOR? COLOR CODING: RED:USED EXCLUSIVELY IN CONNECTION WITH FIRE PREVENTION AND FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPTMENT
  • 26. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY ORANGE: INDICATES DANGEROUS POINTS OF MACHINERY THAT CUT CRUSH SHOCK OTHERWISW INJURE YELLOW:THE UNIVERSAL SIGNAL FOR CAUTION IT IS USED MOST OFTEN TO MARK AREAS WHEN THERE IS TRIPPING FALLING STORING AGAINST OR BEING CAUGHT IN BETWEEN HAZARDS GREEN:THE BASIC SAFETY COLOR IT SHOULD BE USED TO INDICATE THE LOCATION OF FIRST AID EQUIPTMENT GAS MASKS SAFETY DELUGE SHOWERS AND SAFETY BULLETIN BOARDS BLUE:A CAUTIONARY COLOR IT IS A SPECIFIC WARNING AGAINST STARTING THAT EQUIPTMENT AS ELEVATORS BOILERS SCAFFOLDINGS LADDERS AND SO FORTH
  • 27. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY COURSES:  Diploma in occupational Health And Safety  Diploma in industrial safety  Diploma in electrical safety  Diploma in fire fighting  Diploma in construction safety  Certificate in fire and safety engineering  Diploma in fire and safety engineering  PG diploma in fire and safety engineering  Certificate in oil and Gas safety  Diploma in oil and Gas safety  Diploma in health ,safety and Environment  PG diploma in Health ,safety Environment
  • 28. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY JOB PLACEMENT : NSA will give100% job placement assistance to all successful candidates. Some of the Industries are listed below. Oil Refineries, Port trust, Airport, Chemical Industries, Insurance, Construction and service industries are main job providers. Students passed out from this institute can find job opportunities as Safety Supervisor, Safety Inspector, Safety Officer, Safety Manager, Fireman and Fire Officer.
  • 29. NATIONAL SAFETY ACADEMY Contact us: No. 714, 1st Floor, M.T.H Road, Mannurpet, Chennai – 600 050. +91 7667442300 Ph: 26242038 ,26242318 Mobile No:8643055672 Website – http://safetyacademy.in/ Email : info@safetyacademy.in