SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 69
Download to read offline
AMANA STEEL BUILDINGS
CONTRACTING
SESSION : 1
Health & Safety Management : An overview
SESSION : 2
General Safety Requirements
SESSION : 3
UAE Legislation in OHS
Course Introduction
Course Timings : 9:0 am to 5:0 pm
Lunch Breaks: 12:00 pm – 12:30 pm
Coffee Breaks: 2:45 pm
Timing: 8:30am to 10:30am
Timing Section A: 10:40 am to 12:00 pm, Section B: 12:30 pm to 2:45pm
Timing: 2:50 pm to 5:0 pm
SESSION : 1
Health & Safety Management
Health & Safety Management
Objectives
1. What is Industrial Safety?
2. Why Manage Health & Safety – 3 Good Reasons
3. Cost and Consequences of Accidents – Video
4. Accident Causation theory
• Common cause of accidents in construction
5. How Manage Health & Safety – HSG (65) Model
• 4 C’s for Positive Health & Safety Culture
• Proactive & Reactive Monitoring
6. Principle of Control in H&S
• Hazards & Risk Management
• Safe System of work, PTW
• Hierarchy of Control – Video
7. Principle of Accident prevention
• MEEP – Material, Equipment, Environment & People
• IITS - Information, Instruction , Training and Supervisions
Health & Safety Management
Industrial Safety
State of freedom from dangers /
hazards / risk in an industrial
activities.
Health & Safety Management
Why manage Health & Safety ?
Health & Safety Management
Why manage Health & Safety ?
ILO Facts:
According to International Labor Organization
Around the World millions of men and women work in poor
and hazardous conditions
More than 160 million workers fall ill each year due to
workplace hazards
Small enterprises account for over 90% of enterprises
where conditions are often very poor and the workers in
them are often excluded from all labor protection.
Health & Safety Management
Why manage Health & Safety ?
Highest accident Rate in Construction industries-
Reference – HSE, UK Statistics
Health & Safety Management
Why manage Health & Safety ?
UAE Accident Statistics:
Health & Safety Management
Why manage Health & Safety ?
UAE Accident Statistics: Dubai
7
20
373
616
354
364
These accident records belongs to only 36 Main contractor who are
the member of Buildsafeuae. (www.buildsafeuae.com)
Health & Safety Management
Why manage Health & Safety ?
Three Good Reasons:
There are clear, pressing reasons why businesses should effectively
manage health and safety
1. Costs (Financial Loss)
2. Humanitarian and Moral reasons
3. To Avoid Prosecution
Health & Safety Management
Reason 1: Costs (Financial)
The true cost of accidents is a lot higher than most people realise.
Cost of failure is not easy to calculate, but includes:
 Medical Treatment
 Accident investigation,
 Replacement labour,
 Loss of reputation,
 Compensation,
 Increased Insurance premium
Studies have shown that the true cost of accidents were as
much as 37% of the annual profit in one organisation
Health & Safety Management
Reason 2: Humanitarian and Moral reasons
Our lives depends on what
we do at work. As a
human being We all
(Employers / Employees)
have moral obligation not
to cause harm to others.
Employers have the moral
obligation towards their
employees and others.
Health & Safety Management
Reason 3: To avoid prosecution
Employers & Employees showing negligence towards
health and safety regulations resulting in accidents
may serve a severe penalties or/and imprisonment.
Supervisor jailed after crane collapses on workers
by Amy Glass on Sunday, 06 July 2008
CRANE KILLINGS:A Doha court has jailed a construction site
supervisor for two years after a crane collapsed, killing four men and
injured three others, Qatar daily Gulf Times reported on Sunday.
The supervisor, from Syria, and his employer were also fined 20,000 Qatari
riyals ($5,499) each for the accident which killed three Filipino men and
one Indian man.
The accident occurred on March 19, 2007, when a crane being operated
for the first time tilted and fell upon the workers at a construction site near
the West Bay, Doha.
The supervisor, his employer and insurance firm were jointly ordered to
pay 150,000 Qatari riyals as ‘blood money’ to families of three of the
victims, the newspaper said.
Supervisors
(Contractors,
Subcontractors) can be
held criminally liable for
serious injury or death of
an employee if they have
been negligent in their
duties.
Health & Safety Management
Cost and Consequences of Accident
Health & Safety Management
Cost and consequences of accident
Direct costs:
Hospitalization charges
Family suffering , Loss of job
Lost man days
Sick leave pay
Indirect costs:
Investigation cost
Loss of wages
Cost of damage to equipments
Idle time of equipment and machinery
Low productivity due to low morale of
workers
Improvement costs
Cost of low output by new worker
Costs for redesigning workplace
Replacement of worker / equipment
Retraining cost
Delay in work / stoppage of work
Fines
Compensations / blood money
cost of reputation of company , morale
which ultimately results in poor industrial
relations and loss of goodwill in the
market. And many more…
Health & Safety Management
Cost and consequences of accidents
Health & Safety Management
Accident Causation Theory
1
29
300
ACCIDENT ANALYSIS
UNSAFE CONDITION
10%
UNSAFEACT
88%
NATURAL CALAMITIES
2%
Health & Safety Management
Definitions:
• Incident: An unplanned and undesired work related event in which
harm occurred or could have occurred.
o Accident: An accident is an incident, which has given rise to injury,
ill health or fatality.
o Nearmiss / Near-hit / Dangerous Occurrence: an incident where
no harms occurred
• LTA (Lost Time Accidents): a work related injury causing disablement
extending 48 hrs beyond the day or shift on which the accident
occurred.
Or simply, More than 3 days (including the day of accident)
disablement due to work Injury.
Health & Safety Management
Accident Causation Theory
As per Henrich
• 88% of the accident are caused by unsafe act and
10% by unsafe condition.
• For every accident resulting in an injury, there are
many other similar accidents that causes no injuries.
ACCIDENT ANALYSIS
UNSAFE CONDITION
10%
UNSAFE ACT
88%
NATURAL CALAMITIES
2%
• It is estimated by him that in a group of 330
accidents of the same kind involving the same
person and similar circumstances,
 300 result in no injury,
 29 in minor injury and
 one in a major/ lost time/fatality.
1
29
300
So, how the major accidents can be prevented at sites…?
98% of accidents could be prevented by correcting the unsafe act and unsafe condition.
This proves that there are sample of opportunities for preventing accidents.
Health & Safety Management
Major causes of accidents in construction
1. Fall from Height
2. Fall of Materials
3. Structure collapse
4. Fire
5. Electrocution
6. Vehicle /
machineries related
7. Other reasons
Fall from height is the biggest
killer in construction industries.
50% of all accidents are caused
due fall from height.
50 %
50 %
Health & Safety Management
Year – unknown,
Month May to July.
No of Fatality - 10
1. Fall from Height - 6
2. Fall of Materials -2
3. Electrocution -2
UNSAFE ACTIONS AND
UNSAFE CONDITIONS ARE
THE ONLY REASON BEHIND
THESE ACCIDENTS.
Health & Safety Management
Accident Causes
UNSAFE PEOPLE
Create
UNSAFE CONDITIONS / PLACES
Which cause
ACCIDENTS
And these often result in
INJURY OR DAMAGE
For every accident there is a preventable cause …. Find & Fix the cause BEFORE the accident
Health & Safety Management
Any act which deviates from accepted norm or
correct procedure or practice, which has a
potential to cause accident.
UNSAFE ACTION
Operating without authority
Working on unprotected area
Failure to use PPE
Use of drug / alcohol
Improper lifting
Improper loading
Failure to warn person
Horseplay
Health & Safety Management
Any physical condition which deviates from
accepted norm or practice and has the
potential to cause accident.
UNSAFE CONDITION
Inadequate supports or guards
Defective tools, equipment or supplies
Inadequate warning system
Poor housekeeping
Hazardous atmospheric conditions
Poor illumination/ventilation
Slippery floors
Excessive noise …….
Health & Safety Management
SEQUANCE OF ACCIDENT OCCURANCE
The basic theory of accident occurrence -
1. An accident occurs due to an unsafe act or unsafe
condition or both.
2. Unsafe acts and unsafe conditions exist because of
human faults.
3. Faults of human are inherited due to
 Lack of knowledge and skill
 Lack of supervision
 Improper mechanical and physical
environment
Whenever an accident occurs there is always a
chain of events that occur in a logical and fixed
order
3 causes of accident
Reason behind Unsafe Action & Unsafe
Condition
Health & Safety Management
How manage Health & Safety?
P-Plan D-Do
A-Act C-
Check
A C
DP
Health & Safety Management
HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System Model
Developing Annual
H&S Planning &
Schedule for
implementation.
Information link
CONTROL LINK
POLICY
ORGANISING
PLANNING &
IMPLEMENTING
MEASURING
PERFORMANCE
AUDIT AND
REVIEW
REVIEWING
PERFORMANCE
Policy & Procedure
development
Setting clear responsibilities,
Organising employees (4Cs).
Feedback loop to
improve performance
Proactive and reactive
monitoring
Developing
techniques
of planning,
measuring
and
reviewing
Health & Safety Management
HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System
1. POLICY OHS policy authorised by the organisations top management that clearly
states overall H&S objectives and commitment to improving H&S performances
AMANA OHS / IMS Policy Statements:
This Statement has been developed by AMANA to stress our belief that the effective implementation of Integrated Management
System (IMS) plays significant role in doing business and affirms our commitment to the continual improvement and to the
business excellence.
Amana is committed to:
Providing quality service to our customers by on-time completion of contracts, cost effectiveness, service up to the customers
satisfaction in accordance with the local regulations and following international standards.
Reducing impacts to Environmental contamination to acceptable levels by the strict adoption of the relevant international
standards and local regulations.
Providing particular attention to reduce the consumption of water and energy by involving employees on individual basis to follow
Reduce-Reuse-Recycle methodology and by participating in conservation / protection of the Environment.
Ensuring a safe and healthy work environment for employees by increasing awareness of safety measures.
The effective implementation of the Integrated Management System in compliance with ISO 9001:2008, OHSAS 18001:2007 and ISO
14001:2004, and to monitor its continual improvement through regular training & developments, value added internal audits,
Customer feedback and through achieving set objectives and targets of each department.
AMANA Integrated Management System (IMS) policy is authorized by the General Manager.
The Policy and the associated procedures will be reviewed regularly and if necessary revised by the Management and communicated
to all the employees. The Policy will be prominently displayed at all AMANA workplaces and also made available in public.
Approved by:
Mohammad Bushnaq Date:26.04.2009
General Manager
Health & Safety Management
HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System
2. ORGANISING To make an effective health and safety policy an organisation needs to
get staff involved and committed. This is often referred to as a 'positive
health and safety culture'.
4 Cs for Positive Health & Safety Culture:
Competence: recruitment, training , Qualification,
Experience, Knowledge.
Commitments & Control: allocating responsibilities,
securing commitment, instruction and supervision.
Co-operation: internally between individuals, groups,
departments including consultation with health and safety
representatives and externally between clients, suppliers,
contractors etc.
Communication: spoken, written and visible.
Health & Safety Management
HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System
Engineer / Foremen Responsibilities in the context of a Generic HSE Plan:
1. Understanding the compliance of this safety plan and following the same in the day-to-
day activities.
2. Giving daily safety instructions to the workmen as a part of each job instructions,
highlighting the possible hazards and the necessary precautions to be taken.
3. Complying HSE Officer/Engineer’s recommendations given in his daily observation report
4. Maintaining work area neat and clean, with specific attention working at heights
keeping free from loose materials.
5. Taking an active part in the site safety meetings, when required.
6. Preventing horseplay of workmen.
7. Organizing “toolbox” talks to the workmen on a weekly basis and maintaining records
8. Identifying and eliminating all unsafe conditions in the work area by carrying out safety
inspections in the work area on a daily basis.
9. Sending the workmen employed by them on the first day itself to the HSE
Officer/Engineer for giving safety induction.
10.Maintaining all accident preventative measures in place and reporting any accidents /
incidents as required.
Health & Safety Management
HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System
3. PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION
Planning is the key to ensuring that your health and safety efforts really work.
Planning for health and safety involves
1. Setting objectives,
2. Identifying hazards,
3. Assessing risks,
4. Safety procedures for hazardous operation
5. Implementing standards of performance and
6. Developing a positive culture.
It is often useful to record plans in writing.
Every AMANA projects are maintaining a project specific HSE Plan. We must
refer it to improve our HSE culture.
Health & Safety Management
HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System
4. MEASURING PERFORMANCE
Measurement is essential to maintain and improve health and safety performance.
Two ways of measuring performance are
Workplace inspections
Environmental monitoring
Safety tours
Progress monitoring of objectives
Performance reviews
Review of training assessments
Management system audits
Health surveillance
Active / Proactive Monitoring:
Active monitoring is a way of looking at things before
things go wrong / Accidents
Health & Safety Management
HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System
4. MEASURING PERFORMANCE
Reactive Monitoring: after something goes wrong;
Reactive monitoring measures failure (accidents, incidents, damage
to property, unsafe conditions)
Accident investigation
Accident incident rates
Ill health incident rates
Accident frequency rates
Accident severity rates
Sickness absence
Property or product damage
Incidents / near misses
Health & Safety Management
HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System
5. REVIEWING PERFORMANCE
Internal and external audits complement
monitoring activities by determining whether the
health and safety policy, organisation and
systems are actually achieving the required
reliability and effectiveness.
An audit is not intended to identify all of the
hazards, it is intended as an evaluation of health
and safety management systems.
Health & Safety Management
Step 1
Establish standards
for health & safety
management based
on risk assessment
and legal
requirements
Step 2
Implement plans to
achieve objectives
and standards
Step 4
Review against
objectives and
standards and take
appropriate action
Step 3
Measure progress
with plans and
compliance with
standards
A C
DP
PDCA Cycle
Plan
Do
Check
Act
Health & Safety Management
Principle of Control in H&S
Health & Safety Management
Tools to Control Health & Safety
Risk Assessment
Safe system of work
Permit to work system
Hierarchy of Control
Health & Safety Management
Risk assessment is the process of identifying
and evaluating a hazard to determine the
level of action required to reduce a risk to
an acceptable level.
Risk Assessment
It is nothing more than a careful
examination of workplace Hazard, so that
we can evaluate whether the we have
taken enough precautions or are required
to take additional precautions, to prevent
harm occurring.
Uncontrolled Hazard
Risk / Harm
Controlled Hazards
Health & Safety Management
Hazard: Something with the potential to cause harm such as
 A source – working at height,
 A substance –handling of chemicals,
 A part of a machine – circular saw blade,
 A method of work – lifting method,
 A form of energy, or a situation – overburden on the edge of excavation
Risk Assessment
Health & Safety Management
 Risk is expressed as: Likelihood of
Occurrence × Severity of Hazard = Risk
 And the results are expressed in term of
quantity such as high risk, medium risk
and low risk.
Risk:
Risk Assessment
Harm:
Includes death, injury, physical or mental ill health,
damage to property or the environment, loss of
production or any combination of these
A measure of the likelihood that the
harm from a particular hazard will
occur, taking into account the
possible severity of the harm.
Health & Safety Management
FIVE steps to RISK ASSESSMENT
1. Look for the Hazards
2. Decide who might be harmed and in what circumstances
3. Evaluate the risks, and the adequacy of existing controls
4. Record the significant findings
5. Review the assessment
1. Look for the Hazards
- Hazard type – Physical, Chemical, Biological, agronomical
- Hazard Sources – Materials, Equipments, Environment, People
- Hazard identification techniques – Workplace inspection,
Manufacturer instruction, MSDS
Health & Safety Management
2. Decide who might be harmed and in what circumstances
 include visitors, public and new workers
3. Evaluate the risks, and the adequacy of existing controls
 Consider the likelihood and severity
 See the adequacy of existing control
 Consider Legal requirements, Generally accepted industry
standards
 Make the risk smaller
4. Record the significant findings
5. Review the assessment
 in case of new machine, substances and procedure introduced
 new legal requirements
FIVE steps to RISK ASSESSMENT
Health & Safety Management
Sample of RISK ASSESSMENT
Health & Safety Management
Term Injury type Value
Negligible Minor injury requiring no first-aid, no loss of materials 1
Firs-Aid Injury First-aid treatment required, no further loss of time 2
Minor Injury Injured person resumes his duties within 3 days.(< 3 days) 3
Major Injury (LTI) Major injury per event resulting in LTI (> 3 days). 4
Sever
Multiple major injuries, single severe/ disabling injury or
occupational illness
5
Fatality Single or multiple fatality per event 6
Value Status Description
6
Certain or
imminent
Constant exposure - Happens regularly on this site
5 Very likely Workers expected to use control measures every time (say PPE)
4 Likely Workers expected to adjust control measures every time
3 May happen
Control measures may break down, e.g. machinery or other
workers not taking required action
2 Unlikely
Multiple control measures where failure of one does not create
harm
1 Very unlikely Control measures unlikely to break down or be easily removed
Likelihood of harm:
Severity is the degree or
extent of injury or harm
caused by the hazards, or
as a result of an accident
Severity of harm:
Likelihood / Probability
of occurrence of an
accident or incident
or ill health
High (17-36)
Review urgently required to determine whether the risk can be removed or reduced, or the controls
improved
Medium (8-16)
Risks not acceptable, hazards and controls need investigation to consider reasonable practicable
improvements
Low (1-7) Acceptable
Risk Rating:
Health & Safety Management
Example – Working at Height
The probability of falling off an edge is more likely the closer you are working to it
Likelihood = X
Severity = Y
Likelihood = X+X
Severity = Y
Likelihood = X+X+X
Severity = Y
SEVERETY - unchanged
Health & Safety Management
Safe system of work
“A safe system of work is a formal procedure (refer – Safety
Plan, Operation control procedures, general procedures)
which results from a systematic examination of the task in
order to identify all the hazards.
It defines safe methods to ensure that hazards are eliminated
or risks minimised.”
Develop a safe system of work
1. Analyse the task
MEEP (Materials, Equipment and Plant, Environment, People)
2. Implement the system
3. Monitor the system
Health & Safety Management
High risk activities including
Excavation
Hot work
Confined space entry
Live working
Hazardous areas
Maintenance operations
Pressurized systems
Permit to work
A PTW, part of safe system of work is a documented control system
requiring written confirmation that certain actions have been carried out
to eliminate or control the risks before a significant high risk activities.
PTW
•------
•------
HOT WORKConfined Space
ExcavationHazardous Energy
Health & Safety Management
Health & Safety Management
Format of a Permit to Work
 Issue
 Receipt
 Clearance and return to
service
 Cancellation
 Extensions / Revalidation
Permit Issuer: One who is authorized to issue
PTW, he must attend the required safety
trainings and approved by Project Manager.
Project / Site Engineer can be a PTW Issuer.
Permit Receiver: One who is authorized to
receive PTW, he must attend the required
safety trainings and approved by Project
Manager.
Foreman / Technician can be a PTW
Receiver.
Health & Safety Management
General Hierarchy of Control Measures
The detailed management strategy identified in the principles of
prevention and is used specifically in the RISK ASSESSMENT to
decide the most effective measures in a particular situation.
The H&S measures should be considered in the following order of priority –
a useful memory aide is : ERIC Prevents Death)
Health & Safety Management
Eliminate the Hazards:
Eliminate the task, e.g.;
- Buying a readymade components instead of homemade
Eliminate the hazard, e.g.;
- Using water instead of solvent based paints,
- Using mechanical lifting instead of manual lifting.
Reduce the Risk:
- Using 110 V electrical equipment instead of 240 V,
- Substituting a solvent based adhesive with water based
adhesive.
- Making 2 loads of 25 kg instead of one load of 50kg.
Safe
Place
Safe
Person
Safe
Place
Safe
PersonE R I C Prevents Death
Health & Safety Management
Isolate the hazard and people
Isolate the hazard i.e. by enclosing or containing it. E.g.
- Guarding dangerous part of machine,
- Enclosing noisy part of machine,
Segregate the people i.e. keep the people away from the
hazard e.g.;
- Erecting barriers around excavation,
- Fitting guardrails to scaffolds,
Safe
Place
Safe
Person
Safe
Place
Safe
PersonE R I C Prevents Death
Health & Safety Management
Control
Engineering control i.e. using engineering design to reduce the risks
e.g.
- Local exhaust ventilation to remove contamination,
- Using a RCD.
Changing work pattern or method e.g.; developing job rotation
systems to reduce exposure;
- Using noisy machine for short time only each day;
- Providing exclusion zones to reduce the number of person
exposed to a hazard;
Safe
Place
Safe
Person
Safe
Place
Safe
PersonE R I C Prevents Death
Health & Safety Management
PPE: this is least effective means of controlling hazards
 All other options should be considered first and should be arranged wherever
possible PPE may then be used as a means of protecting from the risks that remain or
as a back up to the measured provided.
 Giving priority to Collective protective measures over individual protective
measures. E.g.;
-local exhaust ventilation systems rather provision of PPE (only)
Discipline: Discipline refers to the discipline of the individual workers to follow the system of
work in place and their training. e.g.;
- Obtain compliance with rules and following procedures.
Safe
Place
Safe
Person
Safe
Place
Safe
PersonE R I C Prevents Death
Health & Safety Management
7 STEPS TO MANAGING
SAFETY IN THE WORK
PLACE
Health & Safety Management
Principle of Accident Prevention
Health & Safety Management
PRINCIPLES OF ACCIDENT PREVNETION
All accidents are caused they don’t just happen, if not
corrected the same type of accident will occur. All
accidents are preventable because they caused due to
1. PEOPLE (Human Failure in unsafe acts/ unsafe
conditions. )
2. MATERIAL
3. EQUIPMENT
4. ENVIRONMENT
Health & Safety Management
Environment
Temperature, Lighting,
Noise, Ventilation etc.
Materials, Equipment, Environment and People
People
Systems
Training
Skills
Motivation
etc.
Equipment
Design
Ergonomics
Maintenance
Inspections etc.
Materials
Use
Handling
Storage
Transportation
Disposal etc.
Health & Safety Management
The People –
 Be adequately trained and informed
 Be competent
 Adopt safe systems of work
 Use PPE provided
 Be aware of emergency procedures
 Be aware of the safety policy and supporting procedures
The Equipment and Machine –
 Regular inspections by competent persons
 No defective equipment to be used
 Adequate service and maintenance
 Records and reports maintained
 Adequate guarding provisions
 Proper handling, lifting & slinging
 Secured plant when in use and parked
 Hand tool inspection and maintenance
Health & Safety Management
The working environment –
 Floors – clean, level, slip free, unobstructed
 Stairs, gangways & platforms – guarded and maintained
 Openings – edges & holes protected
 Projections & obstacles – protected
 Lighting – adequate
 Material storage – safe stacking
 Warning signs – suitable and sufficient
 Ventilation – adequate
 Waste – controlled accumulation
 Escape routes – suitably identified
 Safe systems of work – maintained
 Emergency equipment – suitable, sufficient & persons
trained in use.
Health & Safety Management
Information & Instruction:
An effective means to motivate the employees towards safety.
As multilingual, multicultural employees are with us, therefore verities of
communication media should be used to overcome language barriers
and the inability of some employees to read
IITS – Information, Instruction, Training & Supervision
Formal - Safety
committees, audits,
inspections, Risk
assessments,
training etc
Informal - On the job
training, toolbox talks
Written - Minutes of
meetings,
newsletters, memos
Verbal - Instructions,
SSs of W, SOPs
Visual - Posters,
safety signs, hazard
warnings on
machinery, colour
coding
Health & Safety Management
Training:
A best techniques to motivate the employees towards safety for a positive H&S
culture.
General Types of trainings:
1. Safety Induction Training
2. Daily / Weekly Tool Box Talk
3. Job Specific Training
4. 3rd Party Approved Safety Training
Training will give the employee a boost to his confidence while performing the
task.
Appropriate job skill & positive orientation of mind helps to reduce incident
rate.
Legal requirements – to inform significant
workplace hazards and measures
Health & Safety Management
Supervision
Accident trends can be strongly influenced by providing
adequate training and supervision to control the worker and
his environment.
An ideal Supervisor:
1. Follow general Duty of Care
2. Perform as per his Safety Responsibilities
3. Observe hazards in his area
4. Communicate Safety Measures to his
employees
5. Report accidents / incidents
6. Believe – Safety is a team work and it is
everybody responsibility
Health & Safety Management
11 SAFETY PRINCIPLES FOR SUPERVISION
 Plan safety into every job.
 Anticipate the unexpected - Anticipate.
 Identify hazards before an injury occurs.
 Correct unsafe acts or conditions on the spot.
 Discourage unsafe behaviors, Encourage Safe Behaviors!!
 Promote incident reporting in the early stages.
 Ensure employees have the proper tools for the job.
 Ensure employees follow established safety procedures.
 Conduct frequent safety inspections in the field.
 Consult with your safety representative when necessary.
 Give positive reinforcement for safe work.
Health & Safety Management
Safety should be managed like other company function. Management
should direct the safety effort by setting achievable goals, by planning,
organizing and controlling to achieve them.
The key to effective line safety performance is management procedures
that fix accountability.
Basic Principle of Safety
Safety performance must be accurately measured. This measurement
must be proactive.
Safety is line management responsibility. Line managers / supervisors must
be held accountable for their group’ performance.
The organization must do whatever is necessary to ensure safety and
well being of its employee.
Health & Safety Management
CONCLUSION
Let us analyze the hazards in
construction sites and take
necessary preventive HSE
measures to have a healthy, safe &
pollution free Project.
“Start Safe – Stay Safe”
Quiz
1. Safety policy must be authorised and signed by whom? – 1m
2. What are THREE good reasons to manage Health & Safety? - 3m
3. What is P-D-C-A Cycle? -4m
4. What are the FOUR major sources of Hazards? -4m
5. What is the single cause of accidents in construction sites, causing
approx 50% of all accidents? – 2m
6. What are FIVE Steps of Risk Assessments? -5m
7. What are general Hierarchy of Control? -5m Remember ERIC PD
8. T / F – PPE (Safety Helmets etc) should be given priorities over other
means of control. -2m
9. T / F – To reduce hazards 220V appliances should be replaced with
110V appliance. 2m
10. T / F – Public & Visitor must not required to be considered while Risk
Assessment. 2m

More Related Content

What's hot

Health and safety at work
 Health and safety at work Health and safety at work
Health and safety at workReece Hancock
 
Health & safety training
Health & safety trainingHealth & safety training
Health & safety trainingHarvey Allen
 
Occupational health and safety implementation
Occupational health and safety implementationOccupational health and safety implementation
Occupational health and safety implementationDr Madhu Aman Sharma
 
RedPixel OHS Presentation
RedPixel OHS PresentationRedPixel OHS Presentation
RedPixel OHS PresentationHelenYOH
 
A Part 1 Safety Induction
A  Part 1 Safety InductionA  Part 1 Safety Induction
A Part 1 Safety InductionJames McCann
 
Industrial Safety Training by Author Stream
Industrial Safety Training by Author StreamIndustrial Safety Training by Author Stream
Industrial Safety Training by Author StreamAtlantic Training, LLC.
 
HSE-INDUCTION-TRAINING.ppt
HSE-INDUCTION-TRAINING.pptHSE-INDUCTION-TRAINING.ppt
HSE-INDUCTION-TRAINING.pptssuser0ebdc3
 
working at height
working at heightworking at height
working at heightJYOTHISHKT
 
OHSAS Hazard identification & Risk assessment
OHSAS Hazard identification & Risk assessmentOHSAS Hazard identification & Risk assessment
OHSAS Hazard identification & Risk assessmentTechnoSysCon
 
Health and safety powerpoint complete (1)
Health and safety powerpoint complete (1)Health and safety powerpoint complete (1)
Health and safety powerpoint complete (1)brownjamesa
 
Health And Safety Induction Training
Health And Safety Induction TrainingHealth And Safety Induction Training
Health And Safety Induction Trainingedale07
 
Accident Prevention .ppsx
Accident Prevention .ppsxAccident Prevention .ppsx
Accident Prevention .ppsxSoumar Dutta
 
Ehs management issues& challenges safety
Ehs management issues& challenges safetyEhs management issues& challenges safety
Ehs management issues& challenges safetyArvind Kumar
 
Health safety induction_overview
Health safety induction_overviewHealth safety induction_overview
Health safety induction_overviewzz_bedee
 
Safety committees duties 1
Safety committees duties 1Safety committees duties 1
Safety committees duties 1Roger Maxson
 
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTHOCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTHLakshminarayanan K
 

What's hot (20)

Health and safety at work
 Health and safety at work Health and safety at work
Health and safety at work
 
Health & safety training
Health & safety trainingHealth & safety training
Health & safety training
 
Occupational health and safety implementation
Occupational health and safety implementationOccupational health and safety implementation
Occupational health and safety implementation
 
RedPixel OHS Presentation
RedPixel OHS PresentationRedPixel OHS Presentation
RedPixel OHS Presentation
 
A Part 1 Safety Induction
A  Part 1 Safety InductionA  Part 1 Safety Induction
A Part 1 Safety Induction
 
Industrial Safety Training by Author Stream
Industrial Safety Training by Author StreamIndustrial Safety Training by Author Stream
Industrial Safety Training by Author Stream
 
HSE-INDUCTION-TRAINING.ppt
HSE-INDUCTION-TRAINING.pptHSE-INDUCTION-TRAINING.ppt
HSE-INDUCTION-TRAINING.ppt
 
Session 2 General Safety Requirements
Session 2   General Safety RequirementsSession 2   General Safety Requirements
Session 2 General Safety Requirements
 
working at height
working at heightworking at height
working at height
 
OHSAS Hazard identification & Risk assessment
OHSAS Hazard identification & Risk assessmentOHSAS Hazard identification & Risk assessment
OHSAS Hazard identification & Risk assessment
 
Working at height slides
Working at height slidesWorking at height slides
Working at height slides
 
Hot Works Safety Training
Hot Works Safety TrainingHot Works Safety Training
Hot Works Safety Training
 
Health and safety powerpoint complete (1)
Health and safety powerpoint complete (1)Health and safety powerpoint complete (1)
Health and safety powerpoint complete (1)
 
Health And Safety Induction Training
Health And Safety Induction TrainingHealth And Safety Induction Training
Health And Safety Induction Training
 
Safety committee training
Safety committee trainingSafety committee training
Safety committee training
 
Accident Prevention .ppsx
Accident Prevention .ppsxAccident Prevention .ppsx
Accident Prevention .ppsx
 
Ehs management issues& challenges safety
Ehs management issues& challenges safetyEhs management issues& challenges safety
Ehs management issues& challenges safety
 
Health safety induction_overview
Health safety induction_overviewHealth safety induction_overview
Health safety induction_overview
 
Safety committees duties 1
Safety committees duties 1Safety committees duties 1
Safety committees duties 1
 
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTHOCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
 

Similar to SESSION : 1 Health & Safety Management : An overview

Developing Accident Avoidance Program for Occupational Safety and Health
Developing Accident Avoidance Program for Occupational Safety and HealthDeveloping Accident Avoidance Program for Occupational Safety and Health
Developing Accident Avoidance Program for Occupational Safety and Healththeijes
 
INDUSTRIAL SAFETY_M1.ppt
INDUSTRIAL SAFETY_M1.pptINDUSTRIAL SAFETY_M1.ppt
INDUSTRIAL SAFETY_M1.pptChethanRoy3
 
WASHEQ 2012 conference ppt slides
WASHEQ 2012 conference  ppt slidesWASHEQ 2012 conference  ppt slides
WASHEQ 2012 conference ppt slidesElla Agbettor
 
UNIT III industrial safety.pptx
UNIT III industrial safety.pptxUNIT III industrial safety.pptx
UNIT III industrial safety.pptxsamygs1
 
EHs management concept & realities
EHs management concept & realitiesEHs management concept & realities
EHs management concept & realitiesArvind Kumar
 
Accident investigation and Root Cause Analysis - by www.oyetrade.com
Accident investigation and Root Cause Analysis - by www.oyetrade.comAccident investigation and Root Cause Analysis - by www.oyetrade.com
Accident investigation and Root Cause Analysis - by www.oyetrade.comNarendra Jayas
 
Safety Basics Notes - FS.pptx
Safety Basics Notes - FS.pptxSafety Basics Notes - FS.pptx
Safety Basics Notes - FS.pptxKhaleeqKhan9
 
A study about the status of implementation on safety standards and legal requ...
A study about the status of implementation on safety standards and legal requ...A study about the status of implementation on safety standards and legal requ...
A study about the status of implementation on safety standards and legal requ...VISHNU VIJAYAN
 
Session 01 _Risk Assessment Program for YSP_Introduction, Definitions and Sta...
Session 01 _Risk Assessment Program for YSP_Introduction, Definitions and Sta...Session 01 _Risk Assessment Program for YSP_Introduction, Definitions and Sta...
Session 01 _Risk Assessment Program for YSP_Introduction, Definitions and Sta...Muizz Anibire
 
SAFETY GET.PPT
SAFETY GET.PPTSAFETY GET.PPT
SAFETY GET.PPTAnas332323
 
A Human-Centric Approach to Oil & Gas Industry Safety
A Human-Centric Approach to Oil & Gas Industry SafetyA Human-Centric Approach to Oil & Gas Industry Safety
A Human-Centric Approach to Oil & Gas Industry SafetyCognizant
 
a-11 batch intenship POOJA.docx
a-11 batch intenship POOJA.docxa-11 batch intenship POOJA.docx
a-11 batch intenship POOJA.docxPrince Pooja Reddy
 
Nebosh nat general cert 4 (1)
Nebosh nat general cert 4 (1)Nebosh nat general cert 4 (1)
Nebosh nat general cert 4 (1)sudi115844
 

Similar to SESSION : 1 Health & Safety Management : An overview (20)

Developing Accident Avoidance Program for Occupational Safety and Health
Developing Accident Avoidance Program for Occupational Safety and HealthDeveloping Accident Avoidance Program for Occupational Safety and Health
Developing Accident Avoidance Program for Occupational Safety and Health
 
INDUSTRIAL SAFETY_M1.ppt
INDUSTRIAL SAFETY_M1.pptINDUSTRIAL SAFETY_M1.ppt
INDUSTRIAL SAFETY_M1.ppt
 
mod-1 lec-1.pptx
mod-1 lec-1.pptxmod-1 lec-1.pptx
mod-1 lec-1.pptx
 
ACH 216 Lecture 11 (Safety)
ACH 216 Lecture 11 (Safety)ACH 216 Lecture 11 (Safety)
ACH 216 Lecture 11 (Safety)
 
ACH 216 Lecture 11 (Safety)
ACH 216 Lecture 11 (Safety)ACH 216 Lecture 11 (Safety)
ACH 216 Lecture 11 (Safety)
 
Accidents
AccidentsAccidents
Accidents
 
mod-1 lec-1.pptx
mod-1 lec-1.pptxmod-1 lec-1.pptx
mod-1 lec-1.pptx
 
WASHEQ 2012 conference ppt slides
WASHEQ 2012 conference  ppt slidesWASHEQ 2012 conference  ppt slides
WASHEQ 2012 conference ppt slides
 
UNIT III industrial safety.pptx
UNIT III industrial safety.pptxUNIT III industrial safety.pptx
UNIT III industrial safety.pptx
 
EHs management concept & realities
EHs management concept & realitiesEHs management concept & realities
EHs management concept & realities
 
Accident investigation and Root Cause Analysis - by www.oyetrade.com
Accident investigation and Root Cause Analysis - by www.oyetrade.comAccident investigation and Root Cause Analysis - by www.oyetrade.com
Accident investigation and Root Cause Analysis - by www.oyetrade.com
 
Safety Basics Notes - FS.pptx
Safety Basics Notes - FS.pptxSafety Basics Notes - FS.pptx
Safety Basics Notes - FS.pptx
 
A study about the status of implementation on safety standards and legal requ...
A study about the status of implementation on safety standards and legal requ...A study about the status of implementation on safety standards and legal requ...
A study about the status of implementation on safety standards and legal requ...
 
Osha stdy case
Osha stdy caseOsha stdy case
Osha stdy case
 
Session 01 _Risk Assessment Program for YSP_Introduction, Definitions and Sta...
Session 01 _Risk Assessment Program for YSP_Introduction, Definitions and Sta...Session 01 _Risk Assessment Program for YSP_Introduction, Definitions and Sta...
Session 01 _Risk Assessment Program for YSP_Introduction, Definitions and Sta...
 
SAFETY GET.PPT
SAFETY GET.PPTSAFETY GET.PPT
SAFETY GET.PPT
 
Summer training report
Summer training reportSummer training report
Summer training report
 
A Human-Centric Approach to Oil & Gas Industry Safety
A Human-Centric Approach to Oil & Gas Industry SafetyA Human-Centric Approach to Oil & Gas Industry Safety
A Human-Centric Approach to Oil & Gas Industry Safety
 
a-11 batch intenship POOJA.docx
a-11 batch intenship POOJA.docxa-11 batch intenship POOJA.docx
a-11 batch intenship POOJA.docx
 
Nebosh nat general cert 4 (1)
Nebosh nat general cert 4 (1)Nebosh nat general cert 4 (1)
Nebosh nat general cert 4 (1)
 

More from Mumtaz A. Khan CMIOSH, IDipNEBOSH (14)

Waste bin signs
Waste bin signsWaste bin signs
Waste bin signs
 
Traffic road cross
Traffic road crossTraffic road cross
Traffic road cross
 
Safety evaluation Best practices-04.11.10
Safety evaluation   Best practices-04.11.10Safety evaluation   Best practices-04.11.10
Safety evaluation Best practices-04.11.10
 
Safety Best practice new 2015
Safety Best practice new 2015Safety Best practice new 2015
Safety Best practice new 2015
 
CORP - GRADUATE HSE TRN - AMANA1
CORP - GRADUATE HSE TRN - AMANA1CORP - GRADUATE HSE TRN - AMANA1
CORP - GRADUATE HSE TRN - AMANA1
 
Worker safety hand book
Worker    safety hand bookWorker    safety hand book
Worker safety hand book
 
Haad safety in heat program
Haad safety in heat programHaad safety in heat program
Haad safety in heat program
 
Haad height aware - eng
Haad   height aware - engHaad   height aware - eng
Haad height aware - eng
 
Amn safety induction j 175 - staff rev 4 - s 14
Amn safety induction  j 175 - staff rev 4 - s 14Amn safety induction  j 175 - staff rev 4 - s 14
Amn safety induction j 175 - staff rev 4 - s 14
 
Eta Scaffold Training
Eta Scaffold TrainingEta Scaffold Training
Eta Scaffold Training
 
Nebosh unit ic questions matrix - ans
Nebosh unit ic questions matrix - ansNebosh unit ic questions matrix - ans
Nebosh unit ic questions matrix - ans
 
Nebosh unit ib questions ans matrix
Nebosh unit ib questions ans matrixNebosh unit ib questions ans matrix
Nebosh unit ib questions ans matrix
 
Nebosh unit ia questions matrix - ans
Nebosh unit ia questions matrix - ansNebosh unit ia questions matrix - ans
Nebosh unit ia questions matrix - ans
 
Nebosh unit ia questions matrix - ans
Nebosh unit ia questions matrix - ansNebosh unit ia questions matrix - ans
Nebosh unit ia questions matrix - ans
 

Recently uploaded

DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxDIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxMichelleTuguinay1
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseCeline George
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvRicaMaeCastro1
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSMae Pangan
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1GloryAnnCastre1
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMr Bounab Samir
 
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptxmary850239
 
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17Celine George
 
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Developmentchesterberbo7
 
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptxmary850239
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxkarenfajardo43
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Association for Project Management
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemChristalin Nelson
 

Recently uploaded (20)

DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxDIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
 
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptxINCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
 
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
 
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
 
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
 
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Professionprashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
 
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
 
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
 

SESSION : 1 Health & Safety Management : An overview

  • 2. SESSION : 1 Health & Safety Management : An overview SESSION : 2 General Safety Requirements SESSION : 3 UAE Legislation in OHS Course Introduction Course Timings : 9:0 am to 5:0 pm Lunch Breaks: 12:00 pm – 12:30 pm Coffee Breaks: 2:45 pm Timing: 8:30am to 10:30am Timing Section A: 10:40 am to 12:00 pm, Section B: 12:30 pm to 2:45pm Timing: 2:50 pm to 5:0 pm
  • 3. SESSION : 1 Health & Safety Management
  • 4. Health & Safety Management Objectives 1. What is Industrial Safety? 2. Why Manage Health & Safety – 3 Good Reasons 3. Cost and Consequences of Accidents – Video 4. Accident Causation theory • Common cause of accidents in construction 5. How Manage Health & Safety – HSG (65) Model • 4 C’s for Positive Health & Safety Culture • Proactive & Reactive Monitoring 6. Principle of Control in H&S • Hazards & Risk Management • Safe System of work, PTW • Hierarchy of Control – Video 7. Principle of Accident prevention • MEEP – Material, Equipment, Environment & People • IITS - Information, Instruction , Training and Supervisions
  • 5. Health & Safety Management Industrial Safety State of freedom from dangers / hazards / risk in an industrial activities.
  • 6. Health & Safety Management Why manage Health & Safety ?
  • 7. Health & Safety Management Why manage Health & Safety ? ILO Facts: According to International Labor Organization Around the World millions of men and women work in poor and hazardous conditions More than 160 million workers fall ill each year due to workplace hazards Small enterprises account for over 90% of enterprises where conditions are often very poor and the workers in them are often excluded from all labor protection.
  • 8. Health & Safety Management Why manage Health & Safety ? Highest accident Rate in Construction industries- Reference – HSE, UK Statistics
  • 9. Health & Safety Management Why manage Health & Safety ? UAE Accident Statistics:
  • 10. Health & Safety Management Why manage Health & Safety ? UAE Accident Statistics: Dubai 7 20 373 616 354 364 These accident records belongs to only 36 Main contractor who are the member of Buildsafeuae. (www.buildsafeuae.com)
  • 11. Health & Safety Management Why manage Health & Safety ? Three Good Reasons: There are clear, pressing reasons why businesses should effectively manage health and safety 1. Costs (Financial Loss) 2. Humanitarian and Moral reasons 3. To Avoid Prosecution
  • 12. Health & Safety Management Reason 1: Costs (Financial) The true cost of accidents is a lot higher than most people realise. Cost of failure is not easy to calculate, but includes:  Medical Treatment  Accident investigation,  Replacement labour,  Loss of reputation,  Compensation,  Increased Insurance premium Studies have shown that the true cost of accidents were as much as 37% of the annual profit in one organisation
  • 13. Health & Safety Management Reason 2: Humanitarian and Moral reasons Our lives depends on what we do at work. As a human being We all (Employers / Employees) have moral obligation not to cause harm to others. Employers have the moral obligation towards their employees and others.
  • 14. Health & Safety Management Reason 3: To avoid prosecution Employers & Employees showing negligence towards health and safety regulations resulting in accidents may serve a severe penalties or/and imprisonment. Supervisor jailed after crane collapses on workers by Amy Glass on Sunday, 06 July 2008 CRANE KILLINGS:A Doha court has jailed a construction site supervisor for two years after a crane collapsed, killing four men and injured three others, Qatar daily Gulf Times reported on Sunday. The supervisor, from Syria, and his employer were also fined 20,000 Qatari riyals ($5,499) each for the accident which killed three Filipino men and one Indian man. The accident occurred on March 19, 2007, when a crane being operated for the first time tilted and fell upon the workers at a construction site near the West Bay, Doha. The supervisor, his employer and insurance firm were jointly ordered to pay 150,000 Qatari riyals as ‘blood money’ to families of three of the victims, the newspaper said.
  • 15. Supervisors (Contractors, Subcontractors) can be held criminally liable for serious injury or death of an employee if they have been negligent in their duties.
  • 16. Health & Safety Management Cost and Consequences of Accident
  • 17. Health & Safety Management Cost and consequences of accident Direct costs: Hospitalization charges Family suffering , Loss of job Lost man days Sick leave pay Indirect costs: Investigation cost Loss of wages Cost of damage to equipments Idle time of equipment and machinery Low productivity due to low morale of workers Improvement costs Cost of low output by new worker Costs for redesigning workplace Replacement of worker / equipment Retraining cost Delay in work / stoppage of work Fines Compensations / blood money cost of reputation of company , morale which ultimately results in poor industrial relations and loss of goodwill in the market. And many more…
  • 18. Health & Safety Management Cost and consequences of accidents
  • 19. Health & Safety Management Accident Causation Theory 1 29 300 ACCIDENT ANALYSIS UNSAFE CONDITION 10% UNSAFEACT 88% NATURAL CALAMITIES 2%
  • 20. Health & Safety Management Definitions: • Incident: An unplanned and undesired work related event in which harm occurred or could have occurred. o Accident: An accident is an incident, which has given rise to injury, ill health or fatality. o Nearmiss / Near-hit / Dangerous Occurrence: an incident where no harms occurred • LTA (Lost Time Accidents): a work related injury causing disablement extending 48 hrs beyond the day or shift on which the accident occurred. Or simply, More than 3 days (including the day of accident) disablement due to work Injury.
  • 21. Health & Safety Management Accident Causation Theory As per Henrich • 88% of the accident are caused by unsafe act and 10% by unsafe condition. • For every accident resulting in an injury, there are many other similar accidents that causes no injuries. ACCIDENT ANALYSIS UNSAFE CONDITION 10% UNSAFE ACT 88% NATURAL CALAMITIES 2% • It is estimated by him that in a group of 330 accidents of the same kind involving the same person and similar circumstances,  300 result in no injury,  29 in minor injury and  one in a major/ lost time/fatality. 1 29 300 So, how the major accidents can be prevented at sites…? 98% of accidents could be prevented by correcting the unsafe act and unsafe condition. This proves that there are sample of opportunities for preventing accidents.
  • 22. Health & Safety Management Major causes of accidents in construction 1. Fall from Height 2. Fall of Materials 3. Structure collapse 4. Fire 5. Electrocution 6. Vehicle / machineries related 7. Other reasons Fall from height is the biggest killer in construction industries. 50% of all accidents are caused due fall from height. 50 % 50 %
  • 23. Health & Safety Management Year – unknown, Month May to July. No of Fatality - 10 1. Fall from Height - 6 2. Fall of Materials -2 3. Electrocution -2 UNSAFE ACTIONS AND UNSAFE CONDITIONS ARE THE ONLY REASON BEHIND THESE ACCIDENTS.
  • 24. Health & Safety Management Accident Causes UNSAFE PEOPLE Create UNSAFE CONDITIONS / PLACES Which cause ACCIDENTS And these often result in INJURY OR DAMAGE For every accident there is a preventable cause …. Find & Fix the cause BEFORE the accident
  • 25. Health & Safety Management Any act which deviates from accepted norm or correct procedure or practice, which has a potential to cause accident. UNSAFE ACTION Operating without authority Working on unprotected area Failure to use PPE Use of drug / alcohol Improper lifting Improper loading Failure to warn person Horseplay
  • 26. Health & Safety Management Any physical condition which deviates from accepted norm or practice and has the potential to cause accident. UNSAFE CONDITION Inadequate supports or guards Defective tools, equipment or supplies Inadequate warning system Poor housekeeping Hazardous atmospheric conditions Poor illumination/ventilation Slippery floors Excessive noise …….
  • 27. Health & Safety Management SEQUANCE OF ACCIDENT OCCURANCE The basic theory of accident occurrence - 1. An accident occurs due to an unsafe act or unsafe condition or both. 2. Unsafe acts and unsafe conditions exist because of human faults. 3. Faults of human are inherited due to  Lack of knowledge and skill  Lack of supervision  Improper mechanical and physical environment Whenever an accident occurs there is always a chain of events that occur in a logical and fixed order 3 causes of accident Reason behind Unsafe Action & Unsafe Condition
  • 28. Health & Safety Management How manage Health & Safety? P-Plan D-Do A-Act C- Check A C DP
  • 29. Health & Safety Management HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System Model Developing Annual H&S Planning & Schedule for implementation. Information link CONTROL LINK POLICY ORGANISING PLANNING & IMPLEMENTING MEASURING PERFORMANCE AUDIT AND REVIEW REVIEWING PERFORMANCE Policy & Procedure development Setting clear responsibilities, Organising employees (4Cs). Feedback loop to improve performance Proactive and reactive monitoring Developing techniques of planning, measuring and reviewing
  • 30. Health & Safety Management HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System 1. POLICY OHS policy authorised by the organisations top management that clearly states overall H&S objectives and commitment to improving H&S performances AMANA OHS / IMS Policy Statements: This Statement has been developed by AMANA to stress our belief that the effective implementation of Integrated Management System (IMS) plays significant role in doing business and affirms our commitment to the continual improvement and to the business excellence. Amana is committed to: Providing quality service to our customers by on-time completion of contracts, cost effectiveness, service up to the customers satisfaction in accordance with the local regulations and following international standards. Reducing impacts to Environmental contamination to acceptable levels by the strict adoption of the relevant international standards and local regulations. Providing particular attention to reduce the consumption of water and energy by involving employees on individual basis to follow Reduce-Reuse-Recycle methodology and by participating in conservation / protection of the Environment. Ensuring a safe and healthy work environment for employees by increasing awareness of safety measures. The effective implementation of the Integrated Management System in compliance with ISO 9001:2008, OHSAS 18001:2007 and ISO 14001:2004, and to monitor its continual improvement through regular training & developments, value added internal audits, Customer feedback and through achieving set objectives and targets of each department. AMANA Integrated Management System (IMS) policy is authorized by the General Manager. The Policy and the associated procedures will be reviewed regularly and if necessary revised by the Management and communicated to all the employees. The Policy will be prominently displayed at all AMANA workplaces and also made available in public. Approved by: Mohammad Bushnaq Date:26.04.2009 General Manager
  • 31. Health & Safety Management HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System 2. ORGANISING To make an effective health and safety policy an organisation needs to get staff involved and committed. This is often referred to as a 'positive health and safety culture'. 4 Cs for Positive Health & Safety Culture: Competence: recruitment, training , Qualification, Experience, Knowledge. Commitments & Control: allocating responsibilities, securing commitment, instruction and supervision. Co-operation: internally between individuals, groups, departments including consultation with health and safety representatives and externally between clients, suppliers, contractors etc. Communication: spoken, written and visible.
  • 32. Health & Safety Management HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System Engineer / Foremen Responsibilities in the context of a Generic HSE Plan: 1. Understanding the compliance of this safety plan and following the same in the day-to- day activities. 2. Giving daily safety instructions to the workmen as a part of each job instructions, highlighting the possible hazards and the necessary precautions to be taken. 3. Complying HSE Officer/Engineer’s recommendations given in his daily observation report 4. Maintaining work area neat and clean, with specific attention working at heights keeping free from loose materials. 5. Taking an active part in the site safety meetings, when required. 6. Preventing horseplay of workmen. 7. Organizing “toolbox” talks to the workmen on a weekly basis and maintaining records 8. Identifying and eliminating all unsafe conditions in the work area by carrying out safety inspections in the work area on a daily basis. 9. Sending the workmen employed by them on the first day itself to the HSE Officer/Engineer for giving safety induction. 10.Maintaining all accident preventative measures in place and reporting any accidents / incidents as required.
  • 33. Health & Safety Management HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System 3. PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION Planning is the key to ensuring that your health and safety efforts really work. Planning for health and safety involves 1. Setting objectives, 2. Identifying hazards, 3. Assessing risks, 4. Safety procedures for hazardous operation 5. Implementing standards of performance and 6. Developing a positive culture. It is often useful to record plans in writing. Every AMANA projects are maintaining a project specific HSE Plan. We must refer it to improve our HSE culture.
  • 34. Health & Safety Management HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System 4. MEASURING PERFORMANCE Measurement is essential to maintain and improve health and safety performance. Two ways of measuring performance are Workplace inspections Environmental monitoring Safety tours Progress monitoring of objectives Performance reviews Review of training assessments Management system audits Health surveillance Active / Proactive Monitoring: Active monitoring is a way of looking at things before things go wrong / Accidents
  • 35. Health & Safety Management HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System 4. MEASURING PERFORMANCE Reactive Monitoring: after something goes wrong; Reactive monitoring measures failure (accidents, incidents, damage to property, unsafe conditions) Accident investigation Accident incident rates Ill health incident rates Accident frequency rates Accident severity rates Sickness absence Property or product damage Incidents / near misses
  • 36. Health & Safety Management HSG 65 Health & Safety Management System 5. REVIEWING PERFORMANCE Internal and external audits complement monitoring activities by determining whether the health and safety policy, organisation and systems are actually achieving the required reliability and effectiveness. An audit is not intended to identify all of the hazards, it is intended as an evaluation of health and safety management systems.
  • 37. Health & Safety Management Step 1 Establish standards for health & safety management based on risk assessment and legal requirements Step 2 Implement plans to achieve objectives and standards Step 4 Review against objectives and standards and take appropriate action Step 3 Measure progress with plans and compliance with standards A C DP PDCA Cycle Plan Do Check Act
  • 38. Health & Safety Management Principle of Control in H&S
  • 39. Health & Safety Management Tools to Control Health & Safety Risk Assessment Safe system of work Permit to work system Hierarchy of Control
  • 40. Health & Safety Management Risk assessment is the process of identifying and evaluating a hazard to determine the level of action required to reduce a risk to an acceptable level. Risk Assessment It is nothing more than a careful examination of workplace Hazard, so that we can evaluate whether the we have taken enough precautions or are required to take additional precautions, to prevent harm occurring. Uncontrolled Hazard Risk / Harm Controlled Hazards
  • 41. Health & Safety Management Hazard: Something with the potential to cause harm such as  A source – working at height,  A substance –handling of chemicals,  A part of a machine – circular saw blade,  A method of work – lifting method,  A form of energy, or a situation – overburden on the edge of excavation Risk Assessment
  • 42. Health & Safety Management  Risk is expressed as: Likelihood of Occurrence × Severity of Hazard = Risk  And the results are expressed in term of quantity such as high risk, medium risk and low risk. Risk: Risk Assessment Harm: Includes death, injury, physical or mental ill health, damage to property or the environment, loss of production or any combination of these A measure of the likelihood that the harm from a particular hazard will occur, taking into account the possible severity of the harm.
  • 43. Health & Safety Management FIVE steps to RISK ASSESSMENT 1. Look for the Hazards 2. Decide who might be harmed and in what circumstances 3. Evaluate the risks, and the adequacy of existing controls 4. Record the significant findings 5. Review the assessment 1. Look for the Hazards - Hazard type – Physical, Chemical, Biological, agronomical - Hazard Sources – Materials, Equipments, Environment, People - Hazard identification techniques – Workplace inspection, Manufacturer instruction, MSDS
  • 44. Health & Safety Management 2. Decide who might be harmed and in what circumstances  include visitors, public and new workers 3. Evaluate the risks, and the adequacy of existing controls  Consider the likelihood and severity  See the adequacy of existing control  Consider Legal requirements, Generally accepted industry standards  Make the risk smaller 4. Record the significant findings 5. Review the assessment  in case of new machine, substances and procedure introduced  new legal requirements FIVE steps to RISK ASSESSMENT
  • 45. Health & Safety Management Sample of RISK ASSESSMENT
  • 46. Health & Safety Management Term Injury type Value Negligible Minor injury requiring no first-aid, no loss of materials 1 Firs-Aid Injury First-aid treatment required, no further loss of time 2 Minor Injury Injured person resumes his duties within 3 days.(< 3 days) 3 Major Injury (LTI) Major injury per event resulting in LTI (> 3 days). 4 Sever Multiple major injuries, single severe/ disabling injury or occupational illness 5 Fatality Single or multiple fatality per event 6 Value Status Description 6 Certain or imminent Constant exposure - Happens regularly on this site 5 Very likely Workers expected to use control measures every time (say PPE) 4 Likely Workers expected to adjust control measures every time 3 May happen Control measures may break down, e.g. machinery or other workers not taking required action 2 Unlikely Multiple control measures where failure of one does not create harm 1 Very unlikely Control measures unlikely to break down or be easily removed Likelihood of harm: Severity is the degree or extent of injury or harm caused by the hazards, or as a result of an accident Severity of harm: Likelihood / Probability of occurrence of an accident or incident or ill health High (17-36) Review urgently required to determine whether the risk can be removed or reduced, or the controls improved Medium (8-16) Risks not acceptable, hazards and controls need investigation to consider reasonable practicable improvements Low (1-7) Acceptable Risk Rating:
  • 47. Health & Safety Management Example – Working at Height The probability of falling off an edge is more likely the closer you are working to it Likelihood = X Severity = Y Likelihood = X+X Severity = Y Likelihood = X+X+X Severity = Y SEVERETY - unchanged
  • 48. Health & Safety Management Safe system of work “A safe system of work is a formal procedure (refer – Safety Plan, Operation control procedures, general procedures) which results from a systematic examination of the task in order to identify all the hazards. It defines safe methods to ensure that hazards are eliminated or risks minimised.” Develop a safe system of work 1. Analyse the task MEEP (Materials, Equipment and Plant, Environment, People) 2. Implement the system 3. Monitor the system
  • 49. Health & Safety Management High risk activities including Excavation Hot work Confined space entry Live working Hazardous areas Maintenance operations Pressurized systems Permit to work A PTW, part of safe system of work is a documented control system requiring written confirmation that certain actions have been carried out to eliminate or control the risks before a significant high risk activities. PTW •------ •------ HOT WORKConfined Space ExcavationHazardous Energy
  • 50. Health & Safety Management
  • 51. Health & Safety Management Format of a Permit to Work  Issue  Receipt  Clearance and return to service  Cancellation  Extensions / Revalidation Permit Issuer: One who is authorized to issue PTW, he must attend the required safety trainings and approved by Project Manager. Project / Site Engineer can be a PTW Issuer. Permit Receiver: One who is authorized to receive PTW, he must attend the required safety trainings and approved by Project Manager. Foreman / Technician can be a PTW Receiver.
  • 52. Health & Safety Management General Hierarchy of Control Measures The detailed management strategy identified in the principles of prevention and is used specifically in the RISK ASSESSMENT to decide the most effective measures in a particular situation. The H&S measures should be considered in the following order of priority – a useful memory aide is : ERIC Prevents Death)
  • 53. Health & Safety Management Eliminate the Hazards: Eliminate the task, e.g.; - Buying a readymade components instead of homemade Eliminate the hazard, e.g.; - Using water instead of solvent based paints, - Using mechanical lifting instead of manual lifting. Reduce the Risk: - Using 110 V electrical equipment instead of 240 V, - Substituting a solvent based adhesive with water based adhesive. - Making 2 loads of 25 kg instead of one load of 50kg. Safe Place Safe Person Safe Place Safe PersonE R I C Prevents Death
  • 54. Health & Safety Management Isolate the hazard and people Isolate the hazard i.e. by enclosing or containing it. E.g. - Guarding dangerous part of machine, - Enclosing noisy part of machine, Segregate the people i.e. keep the people away from the hazard e.g.; - Erecting barriers around excavation, - Fitting guardrails to scaffolds, Safe Place Safe Person Safe Place Safe PersonE R I C Prevents Death
  • 55. Health & Safety Management Control Engineering control i.e. using engineering design to reduce the risks e.g. - Local exhaust ventilation to remove contamination, - Using a RCD. Changing work pattern or method e.g.; developing job rotation systems to reduce exposure; - Using noisy machine for short time only each day; - Providing exclusion zones to reduce the number of person exposed to a hazard; Safe Place Safe Person Safe Place Safe PersonE R I C Prevents Death
  • 56. Health & Safety Management PPE: this is least effective means of controlling hazards  All other options should be considered first and should be arranged wherever possible PPE may then be used as a means of protecting from the risks that remain or as a back up to the measured provided.  Giving priority to Collective protective measures over individual protective measures. E.g.; -local exhaust ventilation systems rather provision of PPE (only) Discipline: Discipline refers to the discipline of the individual workers to follow the system of work in place and their training. e.g.; - Obtain compliance with rules and following procedures. Safe Place Safe Person Safe Place Safe PersonE R I C Prevents Death
  • 57. Health & Safety Management 7 STEPS TO MANAGING SAFETY IN THE WORK PLACE
  • 58. Health & Safety Management Principle of Accident Prevention
  • 59. Health & Safety Management PRINCIPLES OF ACCIDENT PREVNETION All accidents are caused they don’t just happen, if not corrected the same type of accident will occur. All accidents are preventable because they caused due to 1. PEOPLE (Human Failure in unsafe acts/ unsafe conditions. ) 2. MATERIAL 3. EQUIPMENT 4. ENVIRONMENT
  • 60. Health & Safety Management Environment Temperature, Lighting, Noise, Ventilation etc. Materials, Equipment, Environment and People People Systems Training Skills Motivation etc. Equipment Design Ergonomics Maintenance Inspections etc. Materials Use Handling Storage Transportation Disposal etc.
  • 61. Health & Safety Management The People –  Be adequately trained and informed  Be competent  Adopt safe systems of work  Use PPE provided  Be aware of emergency procedures  Be aware of the safety policy and supporting procedures The Equipment and Machine –  Regular inspections by competent persons  No defective equipment to be used  Adequate service and maintenance  Records and reports maintained  Adequate guarding provisions  Proper handling, lifting & slinging  Secured plant when in use and parked  Hand tool inspection and maintenance
  • 62. Health & Safety Management The working environment –  Floors – clean, level, slip free, unobstructed  Stairs, gangways & platforms – guarded and maintained  Openings – edges & holes protected  Projections & obstacles – protected  Lighting – adequate  Material storage – safe stacking  Warning signs – suitable and sufficient  Ventilation – adequate  Waste – controlled accumulation  Escape routes – suitably identified  Safe systems of work – maintained  Emergency equipment – suitable, sufficient & persons trained in use.
  • 63. Health & Safety Management Information & Instruction: An effective means to motivate the employees towards safety. As multilingual, multicultural employees are with us, therefore verities of communication media should be used to overcome language barriers and the inability of some employees to read IITS – Information, Instruction, Training & Supervision Formal - Safety committees, audits, inspections, Risk assessments, training etc Informal - On the job training, toolbox talks Written - Minutes of meetings, newsletters, memos Verbal - Instructions, SSs of W, SOPs Visual - Posters, safety signs, hazard warnings on machinery, colour coding
  • 64. Health & Safety Management Training: A best techniques to motivate the employees towards safety for a positive H&S culture. General Types of trainings: 1. Safety Induction Training 2. Daily / Weekly Tool Box Talk 3. Job Specific Training 4. 3rd Party Approved Safety Training Training will give the employee a boost to his confidence while performing the task. Appropriate job skill & positive orientation of mind helps to reduce incident rate. Legal requirements – to inform significant workplace hazards and measures
  • 65. Health & Safety Management Supervision Accident trends can be strongly influenced by providing adequate training and supervision to control the worker and his environment. An ideal Supervisor: 1. Follow general Duty of Care 2. Perform as per his Safety Responsibilities 3. Observe hazards in his area 4. Communicate Safety Measures to his employees 5. Report accidents / incidents 6. Believe – Safety is a team work and it is everybody responsibility
  • 66. Health & Safety Management 11 SAFETY PRINCIPLES FOR SUPERVISION  Plan safety into every job.  Anticipate the unexpected - Anticipate.  Identify hazards before an injury occurs.  Correct unsafe acts or conditions on the spot.  Discourage unsafe behaviors, Encourage Safe Behaviors!!  Promote incident reporting in the early stages.  Ensure employees have the proper tools for the job.  Ensure employees follow established safety procedures.  Conduct frequent safety inspections in the field.  Consult with your safety representative when necessary.  Give positive reinforcement for safe work.
  • 67. Health & Safety Management Safety should be managed like other company function. Management should direct the safety effort by setting achievable goals, by planning, organizing and controlling to achieve them. The key to effective line safety performance is management procedures that fix accountability. Basic Principle of Safety Safety performance must be accurately measured. This measurement must be proactive. Safety is line management responsibility. Line managers / supervisors must be held accountable for their group’ performance. The organization must do whatever is necessary to ensure safety and well being of its employee.
  • 68. Health & Safety Management CONCLUSION Let us analyze the hazards in construction sites and take necessary preventive HSE measures to have a healthy, safe & pollution free Project. “Start Safe – Stay Safe”
  • 69. Quiz 1. Safety policy must be authorised and signed by whom? – 1m 2. What are THREE good reasons to manage Health & Safety? - 3m 3. What is P-D-C-A Cycle? -4m 4. What are the FOUR major sources of Hazards? -4m 5. What is the single cause of accidents in construction sites, causing approx 50% of all accidents? – 2m 6. What are FIVE Steps of Risk Assessments? -5m 7. What are general Hierarchy of Control? -5m Remember ERIC PD 8. T / F – PPE (Safety Helmets etc) should be given priorities over other means of control. -2m 9. T / F – To reduce hazards 220V appliances should be replaced with 110V appliance. 2m 10. T / F – Public & Visitor must not required to be considered while Risk Assessment. 2m