The Propaganda Movement and the
How did it start?
• 19th century
– Filipinos campaigned for reforms in the colony led by Filipino
thinkers and writers like Dr. Jose Rizal.
– The propaganda movement in Spain and Philippines failed.
Katipunan was started by Bonifacio and other patriots to make
the Philippines free through a revolution.
• This crusade for reforms was done by means of pen and
tongue to pressure the Spanish Government.
• The propagandists from the best, brightest, and richest
families in the Philippines published articles for their
crusade for reforms in La Solidaridad.
• was founded by Graciano Lopez Jaena, its first
• first issue appeared in Barcelona, Spain (February
15, 1889). Moved to Madrid in November, 1889.
The next editor became Marcelo H. del Pilar. It
ended for lack of funds on November 15, 1895.
• After Rizal’s death, Andres Bonifacio founded a secret
revolutionary society (KKK) on July 7, 1892 for Filipinos
to fight for freedom.
Kataas – taasan Kagalang – galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan
(Highest and Most Respectable Society of the Sons of the People)
1. To unite the Filipinos into one solid nation
2. To fight for Philippine independence from Spain.
• Bonifacio and others wanted the Katipunan to replace
the Spanish Government in the Philippines.
• Two constitutions: 1892 and 1894.
• Supreme Council ( Kataastaasang Sanggunian) was the
the central government, with a president, a fiscal, a
secretary, a treasurer, and a comptroller.
• Deodato Arellano was the first president of the
• Andres Bonifacio replaced him in 1895 which changed
the title president changed to Supremo.
MEMBERS OF THE KATIPUNAN
• 1896 - 20, 000 members.
• Famous Katipuneros include Bonifacio, Arellano, Emilio
Jacinto (Brains of the Katipunan), Dr.Pio
Valenzuela, Valentin Diaz,etc.
• Women joined the Katipunan and served as guards of the
documents of the society.
SECRET INITIATION OF THE
• Candidate for membership was first blindfolded and
entered a secret room. He had to pass tests and a blood
compact will be done afterwards.
• Three writers of the Katipunan were:
1. Andres Bonifacio – wrote Decalogue of the Katipunan (a
collection of wise sayings for Katipuneros and Pag – ibig sa
Tinubuang Lupa ( Love for Country).
2. Emilio Jacinto – wrote the Kartilla (collection of teachings of
Katipunan) and A La Patria.
3. Dr. Pio Valenzuela – helped Bonifacio and jacinto to edit the
Katipunan newspaper (Kalayaan) and wrote an essay Catwiran (Is
• Teodoro Patino, one of the Katipuneros, revealed the
secrets of the Katipunan to Father Gil which led to its
discovery because of his fear.
• Many Filipinos were arrested but many Katipuneros also
escaped including Bonifacio.
• The Filipinos can only solve their problems if they are
• The Filipinos love freedom and hate tyranny.
• Filipinos spoke out against the cruel treatment of our
• We must remember and honor these heroes and heroines
who fought for our rights during the Spanish era.
• A violent revolution does not end a nation’s problem as
foreseen by Dr. Jose Rizal.