Development of Nationalism in the Philippines


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Development of Nationalism in the Philippines

  1. 1. • The Seed of Filipino Nationalism
  2. 2. The Development of Filipino Nationalism
  3. 3. Causes of Filipino Revolts 1. The desire to regain our lost freedom. 2.The Spanish abuses/oppression.
  4. 4. 3. Agrarian complaints or the loss of the Filipino lands. 4. The Religious intolerance of the Spanish authorities..
  5. 5. All Revolts, from Lakandula to Apolinario Dela Cruz had failed. There were two reasons why our early revolts against Spain failed:
  6. 6. 1.The Absence of Nationalism 2.Lack of National Leaders.
  7. 7. The Meaning of Nationalism • Nationalism is simply love of country with all its inhabitants. • A state of awareness that a nation does exist and is made of people who owe allegiance not only to a tribe, clan, or region nor to any religious or political entity.
  8. 8. Factors that contributed to the birth of Filipino Nationalism: 1.The opening of the Philippines to the international or world trade. 2. The Rise of the middle class. 3.The secularization controversy. 4.The influx of Liberal ideas from Europe.
  9. 9. 5. The Opening of the Suez Canal. (Ferdinand De Lesseps) 7. The Martyrdom of Gomburza.
  10. 10. Propaganda Movement The unjust execution of fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora was a turning point in the history of the Philippines. It marked the beginning of a new era as the propaganda period.
  11. 11. Propaganda Movement A peaceful campaign organization using literary endeavor as mouthpiece to publicize the political, economic and religious problems in the colony.
  12. 12. Among their specific goals were: >Representation of the Philippines in the Cortes(Spanish parliament). >Secularization of the clergy;
  13. 13. >Legalization of Spanish and Filipino equality; >Creation of a public school system independent of the friars.
  14. 14. >Abolition of the polo(labor service) and bandala (forced sale of local products to the government) >Guarantee of basic freedom of speech and association >Equal opportunity for Filipinos and Spaniards to enter government service.
  15. 15. Propagandist Graciano Lopez Jaena •1889, he established La Solidaridad in Barcelona •He died of tuberculosis.
  16. 16. Dr. Jose P. Rizal The most outstanding among the propagandist December 30, 1896 Rizal was shot to death by a firing squad at Bagumbayan.
  17. 17. In1889 he started the newspaper, La Solidaridad (Solidarity), that circulated both in Spain and the Philippines and was the medium of the Propaganda Movement.
  18. 18. Marcelo H. del Pilar(1850-1896)) •The political analyst of the propaganda movement and the greatest journalist produced by the Filipino race •Editor of La Solidaridad
  19. 19. Literatures of the Propaganda Movement • Marcelo H. del Pilar • Diariong Tagalog, Caiingat Cayo, La Frailocracia en Filipinas, Dasalan at Toksohan, and La Sobrenia Monacal, dudas, Pasiong Dapat Ipag-alab ng Taong Babasa, Dupluhan, Sagot ng Espania sa Hibik ng Filipinas, and Kadakilaan ng Diyos.
  20. 20. Graciano Lopez Jaena • La Solidaridad, Fray Botod, Esperaza, and La Hija del Fraile. Jose Rizal • Noli Me Tangere, El Filibusterismo, The Indolence of the Filipinos, Philippines a Century Hence, To the Filipino Youth, and Mi Ultimo Adios. And the Organization of La Liga Filipina.
  21. 21. Used pen names: Rizal: Dimasalang and Laong Laan; Mariano Ponce: Tikbalang, Naning and Kalipulako; Antonio Luna: Taga-ilog; Marcelo H. del Pilar: Plaridel Jose Ma. Panganiban: Jomapa
  22. 22. Ang La Solidaridad ang naging pangalan ng isang samahan ng mga Pilipinong ilustrado sa Espanya na naghangad na magkaroon ng representasyon ang Pilipinas sa Cortes Generales
  23. 23. Reasons for the failure of the Propaganda Movement When the time came the financial support from the Philippines gradually lessened until finally it was put to an end; Due to leadership crisis;
  24. 24. With the failure of the Propaganda Movement, the Filipinos gave up the last ditch of hope to peaceful means. Andres Bonifacio led the Filipinos to a new phase of social and political awareness marked by the founding of Katipunan.