Propaganda Movement (in Philippine History)

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Under the topic Philippine Revolution (in Philippine History), this material focused on the nationalistic means of pursuit of liberty in the country, the Propaganda Movement.
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Propaganda Movement (in Philippine History)

  1. 1. -Pilipinas kong mahal
  2. 2. Radical? or
  3. 3.  The influx of liberal ideas (from abroad)  The Spanish Revolution (1868)  The opening of the Suez Canal (1869)  THE MARTYRDOM OF FATHERS GOMEZ, BURGOS AND ZAMORA
  4. 4. -peaceful crusade or campaign for reforms.  It was organized and participated by the illustrados.  Dr. Jose Rizal, Marcelo H. del Pilar and Graciano Lopez Jaena are the leaders of the said movement.
  5. 5.  It began in 1872, when Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora were executed at the Luneta.  The Filipino exiles of 1872 and many patriotic students abroad met in Hong Kong, Singapore, Barcelona, Madrid, Paris, London and other foreign cities.
  6. 6.  Work of promoting the welfare and happiness of the fatherland. Aggressively but peacefully, by means of writing and speeches, they crusaded for reforms to rectify the evils of the Spanish colonial system.
  7. 7. 1) Equality of the Filipinos and Spaniards before the laws. 2) Assimilation of the Philippines as a regular province of Spain. 3) Restoration of the Philippine representation in the Spanish Cortes.
  8. 8. 4) Filipinization of the Philippine parishes and expulsion of the friars. 5) Human rights for Filipinos, such as freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and freedom to meet and petition for redress of grievances.
  9. 9.  They were scions of good families, highly intelligent, educated, patriotic, and courageous, who symbolized the flower of Filipino manhood.
  10. 10. Marcelo H. del Pilar
  11. 11. Jose Rizal
  12. 12. Graciano Lopez Jaena
  13. 13. Mariano Ponce
  14. 14. Other Propagandists…
  15. 15. Juan Luna and Felix Hidalgo The masters of brush. Pedro Paterno A lawyer and man of letters Antonio Luna Pharmacist and essayist Pedro Serrano Laktaw Teacher-tutor of Prince Alfonso de Bourbon (later King Alfonso XIII of Spain)
  16. 16. Jose Ma. Panganiban Linguist and essasyist Fernando Canon Engineer and musician Jose Alejandrino An engineer and a political writer Isabelo delos Reyes Folklorist, newspaperman and a scholar Dominador Gomez Physician, orator
  17. 17. Foreigners who were lovers of freedom and justice. supported the Filipinos’ campaign for reforms
  18. 18. Ferdinand Blumentritt  Austrian professor, scholar  Dr.Rizal’s bestfriend  Praised Noli and Fili and wrote a “Prologue” to Rizal’s annotated edition of Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas (Paris, 1890) Don Juan Atayde  One of the liberal Spaniards who aided Filipino propagandis
  19. 19. … Founded the Circulo Hispano- Filipino in September 1882 (a civic association of Spaniards and Filipinos in Madrid)  Published the newspaper Revisa del Circulo Hispano- Filipino Miguel Morayta  Statesman, historian and journalist  Rizal’s professor at the Central University of Madrid
  20. 20. Francisco Pi y Margall Former president of the First Spanish Republic Emilio Junoy A journalist Member of the Cortes Manuel Ruiz Zorilla  Parliamentarian  Leader of the Spanish Republican Party
  21. 21. Dr. Pedro A. Paterno • doctor of laws • man of letters  “Ninay,” the first Filipino novel (Madrid, 1885)  a volume of melodious poems, “Sampaguitas” (Madrid, 1880)  “La Antigua Civilizacion Tagalog,” a historical book (Madrid, 1887) Gregorio Sanciangco • economist • also a doctor of laws “El Progreso de Filipinas,” authored a book (Madri, 1881)
  22. 22. . . .  And a treatise on colonial economics and politics in the Philippines. Marcelo H. del Pilar • lawyer and journalist • excelled as a political pamphleteer  “Dasalan at Tuksohan”  “La Soberania Monacal en Filipinas”  “La Frailocracia”
  23. 23. Graciano Lopez Jaena  “Fray Botod”-(Fat Friar- he ridiculed the friars who became very fat for eating too much and living in luxury at the expense of poor Filipinos, whom they abuse.)  “En Tinielas”-(In Utter Darkness, his article in La Solidaridad; he lambasted the biased Spanish writersfor their absurdities.
  24. 24. Antonio Luna  “Impressiones” -(a collection of essays describing the customs of the Spaniards in Madrid) Jose Ma. Panganiban  “La Universidad de Filipinas: Plan de Estudios,” -a critical essay in La Solidaridad which exposed the defects of the church-dominated education in the Philippines. Isabelo delos Reyes • folklorist & historian  “El Folk-Lore Filipino” (1887)  “Historia de Ilocos (2 volumes; on 1890)
  25. 25. Mariano Ponce • biographer  “Celebres Filipinos” Dr. Rizal • greatest writer of the Propaganda Movement  “Noli Me Tangere”  “El Filibusterismo”  “La Vision del Frey Rodriguez” (1889) –exposed the stupidities of Fr. Rodriguez  “Por Telefono” (1891) –about Fr. Salavador Font
  26. 26.  Many Filipino patriots became masons (del Pilar, Jaena, Rizal, Ponce) because they needed the help of the masons in Spain and in other foreign countries for their fight for reforms.
  27. 27. 1st Filipino Masonic lodge founded by Jaena in Barcelona - recognized on April 1889 by Grande Oriental Español headed by Don Miguel Morayta - died out on Nov. 29, 1890 after Lopez Jaena resigned as worshipful master.
  28. 28. organized by M.H. del Pilar and Julio Llorante in Madrid - recognized on May 1890 by Grande Oriental Español - Llorante (Worshipful Master) - prospered so it was joined in by other Filipinos (Rizal, Pedro Serrano Baldomero Roxas, Galicano Apacible, etc.)
  29. 29. 1st Filipino Masonic lodge - founded by Serrano Laktaw in Manila on January 6, 1892. ☻Filipino Masonic lodges in Spain and in Philippines raised the needed funds to finance the campaign for reforms in Spain.
  30. 30. (Hispano-Philippine Association) • Purpose: secure reforms for the Philippines • President: Don Miguel Morayta • V-president: Gen. Felipe dela Corte • Secretary: Dominador Gomez • Members: all Filipinos in Europe, prominent scholars, statesmen of other nationalities.
  31. 31. (Hispano-Philippine Association) 3 Sections: 1.) Political Section (M.H. del Pilar) 2.) Literary Section (M. Ponce) 3.) Recreation Section (Tomas Arejola)
  32. 32. (Hispano-Philippine Association) ☻ The members met once a month to discuss Philippine-Spanish questions. ☻ They drew up petitions and passed resolutions.
  33. 33. (Philippine League) - a Filipino civic association  founded by Jose Rizal on July 3, 1892 in a house at Ilaya St., Tondo  its constitution was written by Jose Rizal, helped by Jose Ma. Basa
  34. 34. (Philippine League) “Unus Instar Omnium” “One Like All” * motto *
  35. 35. (Philippine League) Aims: 1. Union of the Archipelago into a compact, vigorous, and homogeneous body. 2. Mutual protection in all cases of pressing necessity. . . .
  36. 36. (Philippine League) . . . 3. Defense against all violence and injustice. 4. Encouragement of education, agriculture, and commerce. 5. Study and application of reforms.
  37. 37. (Philippine League) ☻ President: Ambrosio Salvador ☻ Fiscal: Agustin dela Rosa ☻ Treasurer: Bonifacio Arevalo ☻ Secretary: Deodato Arellano
  38. 38. (Philippine League) Members: ☺ Andress Bonifacio ☺ Apolinario Mabini ☺ Mamerto Natividad ☺ Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista ☺ Moises Salvador . . .
  39. 39. (Philippine League) . . . ☺ Jose A. Dizon ☺ Domingo Franco ☺ Timoteo Paez ☺ Arcadio del Rosario ☺ Numeriano Andriano ☺ Timoteo Lanuza
  40. 40. (Philippine League)  However, three days after the founding of Liga Filipina, Rizal was arrested by order of Governor General Despujol  On July 6, 1892, Rizal was exiled to Dapitan-known to be the Liga Filipina’s collapse.
  41. 41.  Rizal’s arrest to Dapitan marks the end of the Propaganda movement.  Radical members like Andres Bonifacio separated from the movement, believing that it was useless to expect reforms from the Spaniards.
  42. 42. Los Compromisarios - a group organized in purpose of prolonging the movement * Each member promised to contribute financially to aid the Propaganda movement in Spain.
  43. 43. (…Los Compromisarios) -among the active members were: • Apolinario Mabini • Domingo Franco • Numeriano Andriano • Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista • Timoteo Paez (..etc...)
  44. 44. (…Los Compromisarios) - For some months, the Compromisarios sent funds to M.H. del Pilar in Madrid for the continued printing of La Solidaridad. - Later, many members stopped paying their contributions so that the flow of funds to Spain ceased.
  45. 45. (…Los Compromisarios) - For some months, the Compromisarios sent funds to M.H. del Pilar in Madrid for the continued printing of La Solidaridad. - Later, many members stopped paying their contributions so that the flow of funds to Spain ceased.
  46. 46.  For lack of funds, La Solidaridad died out after its last issue on November 15, 1895.  With the demise of the La Solidaridad, the Propaganda Movement consequently ended.
  47. 47.  The Propaganda Movement failed,but the ideas of freedom and justice which it sowed paved the ground for the Philippine Revolution that the Katipunan and Andres Bonifacio began in the hills of Balintawak in August 1896.
  48. 48. Mr. Armando Delfino -Instructor (SSC102C-SE Philippine History) Prepared by: Rebecca B. Borromeo BSE-2 Eng

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