The first philippine republic and the filipino american war
THE FIRST PHILIPPINES
REPUBLIC AND THE FILIPINOAMERICAN WAR
The Malolos Congress and Malolos Constitution
Eighty five Filipinos met in a revolutionary congress at Barsoain
church, Malolos, Bulacan starting September 15, 1893.
The Malolos congress approved the independence of the Philippine.
Dr. Pedro A. Paterno, he was the president of the Malolos Congress.
Started the making of new constitution for the Philippines.
Malolos constitution - the first Philippine republic.
Real author - Felipe G. Calderon, he was a famous filipino lawyer.
Approved by the Malolos Congress on Nov. 29 1898 and proclaim by Gen. Emilio
Aguinaldo on January 21, 1899.
The First Philippine Republic
January 23, 1899 – the 1st Philippine Republic was inaugurated at Barsoain
church, Malolos Bulacan.
Aguinaldo sworn in as president the of the 1st Philippine republic at the church
“Great is this day, glorious this date , and forever memorable this moment in
which our beloved people are raised to the joy of independence”
The official news paper of the government was called “El Heraldo de la
Gen. Antonio Luna and other Filipinos ran an independence news paper called “La
The 1st Filipino diplomat was Felipe Agoncillo – work for the recognition of
Philippine independence in Paris and Washington.
There were other Filipino diplomats in Japan,England,France, and Australia.
Failure of the First Philippine Republic
The 1st Philippine republic lived only in two years from January 23, 1899 to March
It was ended on the day when Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo captured by the Americans.
The American start the war
The Americans pretend that the Filipinos had brutality attacked them, at 8 P.M.
of February 4, 1899, Private Robert W. Grayson of the first Nebraska
volunteers, shot and killed a Filipino soldier crossing the San Juan bridge.
The new wrongly said that the Filipinos had started the shooting.
The treaty of Paris had been very controversial and was not sure of passing.
February 6, 1899, the American senate passed the treaty of Paris, making the
Philippines as the colony of United States.
The Filipino American War
. At day break of February 5, 1899, the American navy bombarded the Filipino
positions in manila. In the next few days, fierce hand-to-hand fighting broke out
all manila and nearby town. One by one the Filipino s lost ground to the superior
forces of Uncle Sam
March 31, 1899, the American captured Malolos. Aguinaldo fled to
Pampangga,Nueva ecija, and finally to the mountains of Northern Luzon.
The Filipinos won victories , in Negros, Gen. Aniceto Lacson and Gen. Araneta
organized the “republic of Negros” on November 27, 1898.
In the Battle of San Mateo, Rizal on December 19, 1899, the Famous hero of the
American civil war Gen. Henry C. Lawson , was killed by Filipinos troops.
Lawson was conquered by the Filipino “Geronimo” Gen. Licerio Geronimo and his
The Filipinos fought with old rifles and guns, bamboo spears, and bolos. The
Americans fought with cannons , machine gun s, automatic rifles and plenty of
ammunition and supplies.
The Filipino forces were divided into small groups who harassed the enemy by
Aguinaldo’s guerilla warfare in 1899 to 1901 was earlier than Mao Zedong’s
Chinese guerillas in the 1940’s and Ho Chi Minh’s Vietnamese guerillas in the
Filipinos lose the war
The Filipino generals and officials of the first Philippine Republic lost or were
captured by the enemy.
Leading officials of the Philippine government were arrested and deported to
Guam. One of them is Apollinario Mabini, he was Aguinaldo’s Prime Minister.
Antonio Luna, Aguinaldo ‘s Director War- he was killed by them on June 5, 1899.
Gregorio del Pillar and his men defended the Tirad Pass . They died to the last
man on December 2, 1899.
The capture of Aguinaldo
Aguinaldo and his staff fled to cordillera mountains in Northern Luzon. At
Palanan ,Isabela he made his headquarter.
Gen. Frederick Funston in Nueva Ecija captured one of Aguinaldo’s messenger.
The American expedition considered of five American officers, and 85 Filipinos.
General Arthur McArthur, the American military governor.
April 19, 1901, Aguinaldo took the oath of allegiance to U.S.
Miguel Malvar in Batangas fought until April 16, 1902.
The last Filipino general who surrendered to the American was Semion Ola of
Albay Province, he gave up on Sept. 25, 1903.
The Filipinos should be proud that the first independent republic in Asia by
Asians was established by Aguinaldo in the Philippines from 1989 to 1901.
at the time, the other Asians were either western colonies or kingdoms ruled
by kings and emperors.
The Filipino are brave and sturdy people who will fight for their rights and
independence, even if they lose.
Like all wars, the filipino-american war was very bloody and expensive. The
American sent 126,248 troops, of whom 4,234 died. They spent a vast sum of
$16,000. veterans died in action 200,000 civilians died on starvation and
diseases; and property billions of pesos was damage.
The Filipino lost the Filipino-amarican war because they were not united and
they have inferior weapons.
We should remember the and honor President Aguinaldo and other heroes
of this era. Although they lost the war, they fought with courage and honor.
These veterans of the revolution were the real founding fathers of our