GOD- the first aim of Spain was to spread Roman
GOLD-the second aim is to get rich.
GLORY-and to get political glory.
-he is a Portuguese
-he studied map making
• Magellan’s voyage is not an accident, he really planned
and wanted to find the Philippines because he heard
that it was a very rich land.So he asked Portuguese
King,King Manuel, to finance a project to sail to the
philippines but the King rejected him.
• He travelled to the next country Spain, and talked the
king and queen into supporting his expedtion,and
• September 20 1517- the expedition begun .His fleet
consisted of 5 ships and 265 men.
They sail westward across atlantic ocean down the tip
of South America.Here crossed the secret passge that
was known only to Magellan ”Strait Of Magellan’’.Then
they crossed the Pacific Ocean and hopped from
island to island until they reach Philippines.
In order to keep away the other rival European power
from grabbing its new colony.
THE BIG POWERS:
In the 16th century they were the most bitter rivals for
colonies in the world. They quarreled over the
ownership of the land.
In 1493 Pope Alexander VI issued 4 papal bulls that
divided the world between Portugal and Spain.
TREATY OF TORDESILLAS(1494)
-shifting the demarcation line made by the Pope.
• TREATY OF ZARAGOZA(1529)
-they quarelled again over the ownership of
Moluccas (spice island) so they made a new agreement
to fix a new demarcation line.
The Spanish King sold his right to Moluccas to the
Portugal King ,but this was a big mistake for Portugal.
because they only bought what it really owned.
March 16 1521-Magellan and his men saw the height of
After seeing Samar, the Spaniard landed at the island of
Homonhon in Leyte Gulf on March 17 1521.
March 28-they were driven at Masao , Butuan in Agusan
At Raja Kolambu and Raja Siagu met Magellan.In the finest
tradition of filipino hospitality they welcomed the
Kolambu and Magellan made the traditional blood
compact (sandugo) . This was the first blood compact by a
Filipino and a white man.
The first mass was held on the shore of Masao Butuan
on Easter morning,March 31 1521.It was said by father
Pedro de Valderama .
Then in sunset Magellan planted a huge wooden cross
on top of a hill over looking the sea.
For Spain planting a cross was like planting a different
flag on our land.
Magellan claim it and called it “Archipelago of San
April 7 1521-spaniard arrived at Cebu,they were guided
by King Kolambu.
Raha Humabon refused to meet Magellan or let him
land but King Kolambu(his friend) persuaded him.
The Spaniard was impressed in wealth and culture of
April 14 1521-they made a blood compact and another
cross was planted.
More than 800 cebuanos including Humabon his wife
and son agreed to be babtized,They are the 1st Filipino
Lapu-Lapu defeats Magellan –Magellan wanted all
Filipino King in Cebu and Nearby islands to surrender
to Spain. But king Lapu-lapu defied him.
King Zula asked Magellan for help in destroying Lapulapu.The two king in Mactan were bitter enemies
.Magellan agreed to Zula for he also wanted to kill
April 27 1521- Magellan invaded Mactan.He boasted to
Cebuanos that he did not need their help in fighting
Lapu-lapu.Only 6o men attacked Mactan.
The battle was short
but very bloody but
in the end lapu lapu
won.That makes him
the 1st Filipino hero
The survivor returned to Cebu but they lost face.The
Cebuanos did not respect them anymore .
The Spaniard also became abusive. Duarte
Barbosa, one of the new commander , maltreated
Enrique, a Malay slave of Magellan. So Enrique
plotted King Humabon to kill the Spaniard.
May 1 1521-The Spaniard were attacked by
Cebuanos.The Survivors quickly left for South;
Trinidad sailed to Mexico but they were caught by the
Victoria sailed for Spain via Indian Ocean and Africa
Cape. It reached Spain on September 6 1521 w/ only 18
RESULT OF MAGELLAN’S VOYAGE;
1. It was the first voyage around the world.
2. It added knowledge about geography.
3. It made Spain interested in colonizing the
2. Cabot expedition(1526)
3. Saavedra expedition(1542)
4. Legazpi expedition(1564)
• Only Legazpi was successful the other ended in
This voyage is shorter and easier.
The commander is noble and wise, Miguel Lopez de
Legazpi. His expedition had 4 ships and 380 men ,they
sailed from Navidad Mexico on Nov.21 1564 and
reached the philippines on feb.3 1565.
They were well received at Limasawa,Leyte,Bohol.In
Bohol Legazpi and Katuna made a blood contact.
Cebu is the 1st Spanish city .
The other island:Panay,Masbate,Ticao,Burias,and Mindoro.
BATTLE FOR MANILA
At that time Manila was a rich Muslim Kingdom.
Raha Sulayman,resisted the Spanish invaders.The 1st
Spanish expedition to invade Manila was led by Marshal
Matin de Goiti. He led 120 Spaniard and 600 Visayan
1571-another Spanish invasion led by Legazpi.But because
Raja Sulayman did not want to sacrifice more life he
accepted Spanish Rule.
June 31 1571-the 1st Manila bay Battle. It was fierce and
bloody. The Spanish led by Goiti won the battle.
The Manila became the capital(june 24 1527).
Spain conquered Luzon.
THE FILIPINO LOST BECAUSE OF 3 REASON:
Lakan Dula and Sulayman did not help the other
The Spaniard have superior weapon.
About 600 cebuano archers helped the Spaniard in the
The Filipinos at that time of the arrival of Legazpi
were not united.
2. The Spanish invader had a great commander in
person of Legazpi.
3. Spaniard have superior weapon.
4. The filpinos were won over by the Spanish
mossionaries who taught them a better religion than
the barbaric paganism of their ancestors.