What is Cohesion?Cohesion means ‘holding together’, or ‘linking’.Words, sentences, paragraphs and ideas inemails, reports and memos are linked togetherby: – connectors – reference words – referring to other parts of a text
ConnectorsConnectors are joining words and phrases,for example, ‘although’ and ‘in spite of’.They are used to link two ideas. They canalso be used to give a signal to the reader ofa function like ‘contrasting’, for example.
ConnectorsAlthough the company was establishedjust two years ago, it is already renownedfor the quality of its products.
Reference WordsReference words, e.g. ‘who’, ‘which’, ‘this’are used to refer to people, things, andideas that already have been mentioned inthe email or report. The writer wished tomention these topics again and by usingreferencing words, he or she avoidsrepeating other words.
Reference WordsThe company relocated to the north ofJapan last year. This resulted inconsiderable financial savings.
Referring to Other Parts of a Text To make a complex or lengthy text more comprehensible to the reader, it is also important for the writer to refer to other parts of the text, for example, an earlier or later part, or to refer to a visual. Reference to other parts of the text can be made by using expressions such as ‘as follows’, ‘see above’, ‘the graph below’, etc.
Cohesion in Emails and Reports Although connector new meals have been introduced tothe menus of restaurants, only a few of these reference word(new meals) have been popular with customers. The resthave only been sold in only small quantities, andrestaurant managers would like to dropunsuccessful items from their menus. They reference word(restaurant managers)claim that large quantities of unused foodare thrown away each week.