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Talking about visuals

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A tutorial on how to present graphs, tables, and charts in an effective and engaging way

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Talking about visuals

  1. 1. Talking about visuals
  2. 2. Talking about visuals 1. Introducing the visual 2. Commenting, and interpreting the visual 3. Talking about change and development
  3. 3. Introducing the visual Visuals: • Are highly memorable • Reduce the amount of talking • Should help the speaker 1
  4. 4. Introducing the visual Types of visuals: 1 Line graph
  5. 5. Introducing the visual Types of visuals: 1 Bar graph
  6. 6. Introducing the visual Types of visuals: 1 Pie chart
  7. 7. Introducing the visual Types of visuals: 1 Table
  8. 8. Introducing the visual Types of visuals: 1 Flow chart
  9. 9. Introducing the visual 1 Shifting focus to the screen • Let’s have a look at this … • As you can see here, …
  10. 10. Introducing the visual 1 Shifting focus to the screen Explaining the visual • This graph shows the amount of traffic to our website throughout the year. • The bar graph compares the number of people that commuted by car to those who commuted by bicycle between 2015 and 2020.
  11. 11. Introducing the visual 1 Shifting focus to the screen Explaining the visual Making a general comment • As you can see, the average turnover shows a steady upward trend. • What is clear is that the number of visitors to the Netherlands fluctuates throughout the year.
  12. 12. Introducing the visual 1 Shifting focus to the screen Explaining the visual Making a general comment Highlighting • If we look at 2018, … • The period between March and September shows …
  13. 13. Commenting on the visual 2 Shifting focus to the screen Explaining the visual Making a general comment Highlighting Commenting • 2017 shows a significant spike in the number of online sales. • Here, the table shows an anomaly in the results.
  14. 14. 2 Shifting focus to the screen Explaining the visual Making a general comment Highlighting Commenting Interpreting • This number can be explained by the abnormally hot summer we had. • What we can learn from this is that we need to increase production. Interpreting the visual
  15. 15. 2 Shifting focus to the screen Explaining the visual Making a general comment Highlighting Commenting Interpreting Interpreting the visual
  16. 16. Change and development Verbs for changes and developments: 3 increase/decre ase decline hit a low plummet rise/fall remain stabilise drop fluctuate grow shrink plunge recover peak slump shoot up bottom out expand narrow take off • The table illustrates that profits have stabilised during this quarter. • Last year, stock prices plummeted due to the trade dispute.
  17. 17. Change and development Adjectives/adverbs for commenting on speed and importance: 3 substantial notable disastrous rapid spectacular steady moderate disappointing slight enormous encouraging significant • The graph suggests an encouraging trend. • In 2018, overhead costs were cut significantly.
  18. 18. Example • So, I’d like to draw your attention to this graph.(Drawing attention to the screen) What it illustrates is the number of people killed in car accidents between 2000 and 2010 (Explaining the visual). As you can see, the number fluctuated significantly during that time (General comment), but I’d like to focus on the year 2014 (Highlighting), when the number of casualties increased dramatically (Commenting). The explanation for this sudden rise in deaths can be found in the extreme weather during that period (interpreting).
  19. 19. For more presentations, visit: resources for teachers and learners of English

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