Current Practices by COEP

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This presentation was given by College of Engineering, Pune during "Anusandhaana" - XV Annual NOSPlan Convention

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Current Practices by COEP

  1. 1. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING , PUNE CURRENT PRACTICES „THE CASE OF MUMBAI‟ [NOSPLAN 2013-SAFE CITIES] GROUP MEMBERS: AISHWARYA BORATE SEJAL MATHUR AKSHAY PATIL DEVASHREE RAGDE AKSHAY OZA JAY BAVISKAR
  2. 2. REASON FOR CHOOSING MUMBAI AS TOPIC FOR CASE STUDY Sr. City Country Agglomeration (2003) 1 Tokyo Japan 3,38,50,000 2 Mexico city Mexico 2,20,50,000 3 New York USA 2,18,50,000 4 Seoul South Korea 2,18,50,000 5 Sao Paulo Brazil 1,98,50,000 6 Mumbai India 1,91,00,000 7 Delhi India 1,85,50,000 8 Los Angeles USA 1,76,50,000 9 Osaka Japan 1,67,00,000 10 Jakarta Indonesia 1,65,50,000
  3. 3. MUMBAI FLOOD HISTORY  Max. recorded rainfall in Mumbai in a day  05/08/1976- 265 mm  10/09/1991- 475 mm  10/09/1930- 548 mm  05/07/1974- 575 mm  26/07/2005- 944 mm (In first 6 hrs.- 0830 to1430 hrs. Only 19.3 mm rainfall & in last 6 hrs. -0230 to 0830 hrs. only 59.2 mm rainfall)
  4. 4. CASUALTY AND DAMAGE : 26/07/2005 FLOODS  EXTENSIVE LOSS OF LIFE 445 people lost their lives in the flashfloods  DAMAGED BUILDINGS AND VEHICLES Residential establishments - partly damaged:50,000 Residential establishments - fully damaged: 2,000 Commercial establishments: 40,000 Vehicles: 30,000  MEDICAL CARE AND HOSPITALS 437 Primary Health Centers, rural hospitals ,and residential premises for health personnel were damaged by flooding  EDUCATION AND SCHOOLS More than 20,000 classrooms damaged and97 school buildings collapsed
  5. 5. VULNERABILITIES FOR FLOODS IN MUMBAI 1) Climate change and heavy rains 2) Rising sea levels 3) Extensive reclamation and faulty zoning regulations 4) Outdated building regulations 5) Faltering drainage systems 6) Increase in impermeable surface area
  6. 6. AREAS VULNERABLE TO FLOODING  Flooding Spots : 266  Chronic Flooding spots: 55  Slum Localities Within High Tide Line : 57M
  7. 7. “MAKING CITIES RESILIENT” CAMPAIGN  One of the current projects ongoing in the city of Mumbai initiated by United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN-ISDR) is the “Making Cities Resilient : My city is getting ready” campaign.  Launched in 2010, it addresses issues of the local governance and urban risk. It entered its second phase 2012-2015; based on the success and stock taking by partners and participating cities in the first phase (2010-2011), the campaign will continue and shift its focus to implementation support, city-to-city learning and co-operation, local action planning and monitoring of progress in cities.  MCGM- Municipal Corporation Of Greater Mumbai ( BMC ) works with the support of UNISDR
  8. 8. ISSUES TO BE SOLVED OBJECTIVES  1) Provide State of Art Infrastructure  2) International Financial Centre  3) Eco friendly City  4) Build Disaster Resilient City
  9. 9. 1. MEASURES INITIATED TO MITIGATE FLOODING OF RIVERS  Mithi River : Construction Of 7.4 Km Long RCC retaining wall . Construction Of 25 m long and 4.5 m high weir to discharge water .  Dahisar River : Training Of 1800 m of river.  Poisar River : Training Of 3550 m of river  Oshivara River : Widening And Training Of 3 water courses
  10. 10. 2. AUGMENTING STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM  SWD designed for rainfall of 50mm/hr. System being cleaned to the bottom-most level since 2006.  Rehabilitation of old drains, particularly in the Island City.  Installation of 9 storm water pumping stations in progress. 2 Pumping Stations already commissioned.  Portable dewatering pumps installed at flooding spots.
  11. 11. 3. INSTALLATION AUTOMATIC WEATHER STATIONS & FLOW GAUGES  35 automatic weather stations installed for real time rain fall intensity  The data is monitored, analyzed and the warnings are issued of flooding  Flow Gauges installed upstream of Mithi River to monitor water flow and issue warning to population living down stream.
  12. 12. 4. ESTABLISHMENT OF EMERGENCY OPERATION CENTRES  State of the Art Emergency  Operation Center at Municipal  Head Office & at all Wards  Operational 24 x 7  Latest Communication Systems  Early Warning System
  13. 13. COORDINATION WITH INTERNAL DEPARTMENTS AND EXTERNAL AGENCIES
  14. 14. CAMPAIGN FOCUS AREAS 2012-2015  Know More and Commit: sign up more local governments and national government support for resilient cities  Invest wiser, Build safer: implementation- city to city learning and capacity building, handbooks and guidelines  Benchmarking and reporting: Local Government Self Assessment Tool and Resilient Cities Report  Emphasis on partnerships and UNISDR capacity as a platform and knowledge management hub
  15. 15. GOVERNMENT RECOVERY PLAN ACTIONS BY MCGM  Operates a control room - the Main Centre of Communication  Discharge pumps – 196 nos. deployed to discharge water  Search and rescue teams-6 kept ready under the fire brigade  Personnel from Civil Defence-600 and 10 persons per ward from NGO  500 buses kept ready by the transport service provider  De-siliting of Mithi river - 5.68 lakh cub.m. silt removed pre-2007 and 3.70 lakhs cub.m thereafter  2652 residential and 1148 commercial structures removed  1769 residential and 349 commercial structures rehabilitated  Additional bridges at Kranti Nagar and Kurla-Kalina Road started
  16. 16. GOVERNMENT RECOVERY PLAN ACTIONS BY STATE GOVERNMENT  Active traffic management / diversion when roads are waterlogged  State government hospitals/ supplement municipal hospitals  Home Guards & Civil Defense for disaster management  288 retaining walls in 74 places have been undertaken by the Slum Improvement Board  The Chief Minister of Maharashtra acts as the highest coordinating authority - Chairs a „Monsoon- preparedness‟ meeting  Regular follow-up meetings by the Chief Secretary and Additional Chief Secretary (Home Department)
  17. 17. GOVERNMENT RECOVERY PLAN ACTIONS BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA  Hon‟ble Prime Minister sanctioned a special grant of Rs. 1200 crores outside the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) as 100% subsidy  The work involves widening of drains and construction of pumping stations  Rehabilitation of slums up to 01.01.2000.
  18. 18. REFERENCES  www.unisdr.org/campaign/resilientcities  www.mumbaicity.nic.in/index.htm  Research paper published by Prof.Kapil Gupta (IIT-B)  Case study by Dr.Jairaj Phatak, Ex-Commissioner, MCGM
  19. 19. Thank you …!

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