Mcgm Dm Plan & Evacuvation Drill

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Disaster Management Training Seminar, A Citizen's Empowerment Initiative by Rotary Club of Mumbai Lakers supported by Hiranandani Construction and MCGM. Presentation of the seminar held on 21st February 2010 at Olympia, Hiranandani Gardens, Powai, Mumbai - 400076

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  • Now talking about Mumbai city, as we know our city covers about 437 sq. km area and about 11.9 Million population according to census 2001. Our population density is 27, 209 people per sq. km which is huge number. And dynamics of our city is approximately 60% of our population i.e. 60% of 11.9 Million which will come around 7 Million lives in informal settlements which is highly vulnerable. We have about 27, 68, 910 structures in the city.
  • When we compare our city with other metropolis, we found that our city ranks 6 th in terms of its urban agglomeration.
  • Why we need a Disaster Management Setup or Disaster Management Plan for Mumbai city. As we all know….
  • Again about population dynamics….. As I said earlier, we have population density of about 27,209 persons per sq. km. All of us know that Majority of our city population resides in the suburbs and commutes to the city area i.e. in south Mumbai for work in the morning and back in the evening . Also people from neighboring cities like Thane, Kalyan, Vasai, Virar etc. come to south Mumbai for work / business, which increases the daytime population in the south Mumbai. For example if we take a case of A ward:
  • Only about preparedness meetings between all agencies
  • Inaugurated on February 6, 2004 911 service: single window service provided in USA
  • INSARAG – International Search and Rescue Advisory Group, at the Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) of the United Nations.
  • Mcgm Dm Plan & Evacuvation Drill

    1. 1. Disaster Management Training Seminar A Citizen’s Empowerment Initiative by
    2. 2. <ul><li>This seminar was conducted on 21 st Feb 2010, at Olympia, Hiranandani Gardens, Powai. It perused theoretical aspects of disasters and provided practical training in areas like Rescue & Emergency operations, Fire Fighting & Safety, First Aid, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>It was supported by Hiranandani Constructions </li></ul><ul><li>The training was conducted by the Disaster Management Cell of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>The Presentation of the seminar is as attached </li></ul>
    3. 3. DISASTER MANAGEMENT CELL MUNICIPAL CORPO RATION OF GREATER
    4. 4. Mumbai <ul><li>Mumbai </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers an area of about 437.71 Sq. Km. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Houses about 11.9 Million people (c. 2001) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population density of about 27,209 people per Sq. Km. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(c. 2001) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approximately 60% population resides in informal settlements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approximately 27,68,910 structures including residential, commercial and industrial </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Topography <ul><li>Merger of 7 islands in city area, 4 islands and hilly areas in suburbs </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounded by Arabian Sea and Thane creek </li></ul><ul><li>Much of the area is close to sea level </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity drainage system affected by high/low tides </li></ul><ul><li>During high tide flood gates closed to stop ingress of sea water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Result: no drainage of storm water. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>water logging/floods occurs during heavy rains coupled with high tide </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Mumbai vis-à-vis the World Sr. City Country Agglomeration (c. 2003) 1. Tokyo Japan 33,850,000 2. Mexico City Mexico 22,050,000 3. New York USA 21,850,000 4. Seoul South Korea 21,850,000 5. Sao Paulo Brazil 19,850,000 6. Mumbai India 19,100,000 7. Delhi India 18,550,000 8. Los Angeles USA 17,650,000 9. Osaka Japan 16,700,000 10. Jakarta Indonesia 16,550,000
    7. 7. The Need for Disaster Management <ul><li>Mumbai: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India’s financial capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maharashtra’s state capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extreme population and structural density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coastal city with massive reclamation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Falls in an active seismological zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presence of industries dealing in hazardous material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large number of vulnerable informal settlements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic target in wartime & for subversive activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Any disaster would cause massive loss of life and property </li></ul>
    8. 8. Mumbai’s Population Dynamics <ul><li>Average population density </li></ul><ul><ul><li>27,209 persons per Sq. Km (population / area) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Majority of the population resides in the suburbs and commutes to the city area in south for work in the morning and back in the evening </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study - Ward ‘A’ (South Mumbai) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daytime population : 45,00,000 persons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Density : 3,94,390 persons / Sq. Km. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nighttime population : 2,00,000 persons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Density : 17,528 persons / Sq. Km. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. DISASTERS FACED BY MUMBAI
    10. 10. FLOOD IN MUMBAI 26 TH JULY 2005
    11. 11. BOMB BLAST on 11th July 2006 Total Deaths : - 157 Total Injured : - 569
    12. 12. Laxmi Chaya Building Collapse on 18th July 2007 Total Deaths : - 29 Total Injured :- 15
    13. 13. Disaster Management Administration Planning Coordination Awareness Capacity Building
    14. 14. Disaster Management Administration Planning
    15. 15. Planning <ul><li>Multi-Hazard Disaster Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plots out vulnerabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepares for possible disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documents institutional mechanisms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines rescue mechanisms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Micro-plans at Ward level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralization for faster response </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resource Inventory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plots out vulnerabilities and resources at ward level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describes rescue and rehabilitation resources </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Planning <ul><li>Disaster Management Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Single-point source for all issues regarding disaster management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparedness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recovery & Reconstruction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Command & Control agency between administration and field units </li></ul>
    17. 17. Planning <ul><li>Risk Assessment and Vulnerability Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>The DMP provides detailed listing of: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vulnerable Settlements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Details of flooding points </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fire hazards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Earthquakes and house crashes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Areas prone to Landslides </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Areas prone to Road Accidents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Areas prone to Industrial and Chemical accidents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Areas prone to Cyclones </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Coordination <ul><li>Effective coordination among all agencies necessary for effective response </li></ul><ul><li>Regular preparedness meetings of institutional mechanism </li></ul>Army New Mumbai Central Railway Western Railways Traffic Control Metrology Dept BEST MMRDA Police Fire Brigade Mantralaya GoM MCGM
    19. 19. Coordination Institutional Mechanisms <ul><li>State Disaster Management Sub-Committee for Mumbai </li></ul><ul><li>Headed by ACS (Home) </li></ul><ul><li>Ward wise Disaster Management Committee Headed by Assistant Commissioner of Ward </li></ul>
    20. 20. State Disaster Management Sub-Committee for Mumbai <ul><li>Secretary, Relief & Rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary, Home (Law & Order) </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary, Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary, Medical Education </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary, Food & Civil Supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Divisional Commissioner (Konkan) </li></ul><ul><li>Transport Commissioner </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal Commissioner </li></ul><ul><li>Police Commissioner </li></ul><ul><li>General Manager, Central Rly. </li></ul><ul><li>General Manager, Western Rly. </li></ul><ul><li>General Manager, Konkan Rly. </li></ul><ul><li>General Manager, BEST </li></ul><ul><li>Deputy Director General, Meteorology </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary, Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Chairman, MbPT </li></ul><ul><li>Director, MPCB </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary, Public Works </li></ul><ul><li>Director, AAI (Mumbai) </li></ul><ul><li>GoC, Mah & Guj Area </li></ul><ul><li>Commander, Mumbai Sub-area </li></ul><ul><li>Colonel General (Staff) </li></ul>Additional Chief Secretary, Home (Chairman)
    21. 21. Ward Level Disaster Management Committee <ul><ul><ul><li>Sr. Police Inspector of Local Police Station </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>BEST Depot Manager </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Station Master of local station. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Officer from local Fire Station </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Superintendent of Local Municipal & Govt. Hospital </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Telecommunication, Power Supply Representative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other concerned </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>N.G.O.s, Social Workers etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>Assistant Commissioner (Disaster Manager)
    22. 22. Co-ordination Meeting with Ward Nodal Officers Co-ordination Meeting with CRPF
    23. 23. Co-ordination Meeting with NSC(MC) Co-ordination Meeting with NSC(MC)
    24. 24. Disaster Management Programme <ul><li>Disaster Risk Management Programme’s key focus areas are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation and updating Disaster Management Plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training and Capacity Building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness Generation </li></ul></ul>Disaster Risk Management Programme & Urban Earthquake Risk Reduction Programme is supported by UNDP. Relief & Rehabilitation Department, A Division of Revenue & Forest Dept., Government of Maharashtra is State Nodal Agency
    25. 25. PUBLIC AWARENESS
    26. 26. Training to NGO’s
    27. 27. Training to MCGM Staff
    28. 28. Seminar on Earthquake Engineering
    29. 29. Awareness
    30. 30. <ul><li>URBAN EARTHQUAKE VULNERABILITY REDUCTION – Project –Sub-Component of DRM Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Informing the citizens on earthquake hazard/ risks and possible mitigation measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness on safe building practices among practicing architects/ engineers/ builders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of Earthquake preparedness plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop preparedness and response plans at ward level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop sectoral plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish ward level DMT and Inventory of resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of a techno-legal framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review and amendment of byelaws, General development control regulations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Training and Capacity building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure construction professionals develop capacities in Earthquake resistant construction & retrofitting measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop local volunteers for preparation of ward level preparedness and response plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish trained DMTs (at the ward level - training on S&R, First Aid, community Preparedness Planning, Mock drills) </li></ul></ul>
    31. 31. Emergency Operations Center Command & Control
    32. 32. Need for an EOC <ul><li>EOC contributes to the successful execution of the meticulous planning </li></ul><ul><li>It is the Command and Control Center for all rescue operations </li></ul><ul><li>It serves as a Research & Development Unit </li></ul><ul><li>It also serves as a Training Center </li></ul>
    33. 33. The MCGM’s EOC <ul><li>An Emergency Operations Center is equipped with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An array of communications systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Television sets tuned to major news channels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networked Computer Systems with DM Software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video Conferencing Setup is in process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conference and Press Rooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Supply and Ration Stocks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uninterruptible Power Supplies with Generators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pantry, Dormitory and Toilet facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thus, it is a self-sufficient control center built to withstand and outlast disasters </li></ul>
    34. 34. EOC Application : Dial 108 <ul><li>Simple, 3 digit number ( 108 ) allotted by DoT </li></ul><ul><li>The ethos of 108 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide a single-window solution for alerting multiple response agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimize response time by improved coordination among agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve ‘management’ aspect of disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modeled on the lines of 911 in USA, this is the first such system in India </li></ul>
    35. 36. LIBRARY
    36. 37. Search & Rescue Task Force Field Unit
    37. 38. MCGM’s Search And Rescue Task Force - One <ul><li>Comprises of 26 members from various disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>Ward level SAR Teams </li></ul><ul><li>Have undergone basic training on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collapsed Structure Search & Rescue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confined Space Search & Rescue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rope Rescue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical First Response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Rescue Operation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Team is ready for national / international deployment on short notice </li></ul>
    38. 39. Rain Gauge Installation <ul><li>MCGM has installed automatic rain gauges at 26 fire brigade stations, so as to know exact pattern of the rain all over Mumbai city & suburb. </li></ul><ul><li>This rain gauges data is transmitted to control room every one hour. </li></ul><ul><li>The rain gauges can be further calibrated to give alarm at prefixed rainfall intensity. (above 20mm rainfall) </li></ul><ul><li>These data serves ultimately as warning and evacuation signal if required. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire brigade being first respondent and on 24 hours alert, the rain gauges are installed at fire stations. </li></ul>
    39. 40. Warning System <ul><li>MCGM has given heavy duty vehicles one for each ward. </li></ul><ul><li>These vehicles are fitted with wireless system as well as public announcement system. </li></ul>
    40. 41. Conclusion <ul><li>Disaster Management System has been undergoing continuous up gradation during last few years </li></ul><ul><li>2005 July floods have provided valuable lessons and resulted in more rapid upgradation of DMP </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts are on going for better co-ordination with all stake holders </li></ul><ul><li>National Disaster Management authorities has appreciated the efforts of Mumbai Disaster Management system. </li></ul>
    41. 42. EVACUATION DRILL College/School level DM Plan
    42. 43. WHY DO WE NEED A PLAN <ul><li>For quick and speedy response </li></ul><ul><li>To know the SWOT* </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from the past </li></ul><ul><li>Long term impact </li></ul><ul><li>To make aware and be prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Economize the resource </li></ul><ul><li>AND TO AVOID FOLLOWING ……… </li></ul>
    43. 44. Dear Students & Teacher, On hearing alarm… assemble in Ground
    44. 45. General instructions <ul><li>All classes should be occupied by teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>The sequence of evacuation will be classroom wise irrespective of which teacher is present. </li></ul><ul><li>Designated students will take care of handicapped children. </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher will leave the class at the end. </li></ul><ul><li>No one will carry any belongings. </li></ul><ul><li>On exit the students will assemble at designated places under their respective teachers. </li></ul>
    45. 46. 3 2 1
    46. 47. ASSEMBLY AREA ASSEMBLY AREA NO 1 (STAIRCASE 1) ASSEMBLY AREA NO 2 (STAIRCASE 2) BASKET BALL GROUND (STAIRCASE 3)
    47. 48. TOILET 1 ST BLOCK G FLOOR N `A’ N `B’ N `C’ PN `D’ MUSIC/ N `D’ PN `B’ PN `C’ PN `A’ ADM OFFICE KG1 `E’ TOY ROOM MY KINGDOM NOT TO BE USED
    48. 49. TOILET 1 ST BLOCK 1 ST FLOOR ART&CRAFT N `F’ N `E’ KG1 `H’ KG1 `G’ KG1 `F’ KG1 `C’ KG1 `D’ KG1 `B’ KG1 `A’ KG1 `E’ N `G’ N `H’
    49. 50. TOILET COMP LAB KG2 `H’ KG2 `G’ KG2 `F’ KG2 `C’ KG2 `D’ KG2 `B’ KG2 `A’ KG2 `E’ ACTIVITY ROOM MATHS LAB KG COMP 1 ST BLOCK 2 ND FLOOR
    50. 51. TOILET II F III B LAB DANCE HALL ART & CRAFT’ LIBRARY II G III A ART & CRAFT’ NOT TO BE USED 1 ST BLOCK 3 RD FLOOR
    51. 52. Strategy for preparation of Response Plan: <ul><li>Formation of a School DM Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Compilation of information from the sources </li></ul><ul><li>Approval by the committee </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution of plan to all stake holders </li></ul><ul><li>Mock Drill (Most Important) </li></ul><ul><li>Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Plan update </li></ul>
    52. 53. School Disaster Management Plan (Response) Step 1: Sensitisation meeting for awareness amongst Teachers/School Management Step 2: Formation of the School Disaster Management Committee Step 3: Hazard Identification and Safety Assessment Step 4: Preparation of School Disaster Management Plan Document Step 5: Formation and Training of Disaster Management Teams Step 6: Dissemination of the plan to everybody in the school Step 7: Conduct regular mock drills Step 8: Evaluation and Updating of the Plan to improve effectiveness and reporting to coordination group
    53. 54. Suggested teams <ul><li>Awareness and Information Dissemination Team </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation Team </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Safety Team </li></ul><ul><li>Search and Rescue Team </li></ul><ul><li>First Aid Team </li></ul><ul><li>Site / Bus Safety Team </li></ul>
    54. 55. Conclusion <ul><li>These are only suggested guidelines. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep re-evaluating the plans especially whenever there is changes in classes, new constructions etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep regular mock drills & practices so that your reactions will be better during emergencies. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice initially in the beginning of academic session is a must so that the children/teachers are tuned to the new directions. </li></ul>
    55. 56. Any Questions Thank You ?

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